Whether multivitamins and other dietary supplements are necessary for the general population is a source of debate. Supplements remain recommended for certain populations with specific conditions – such as pregnant women who should take folic acid to reduce the risk of neural tube defects, or children in developing countries whose diets do not provide enough vitamin A and iron. But recent studies have found there is insufficient evidence to recommend multivitamin supplements to the average healthy American, and that in fact, taking too much of certain vitamins can cause harm.
These studies seem to have little effect on the global supplement industry, which is worth an estimated $128 billion, according to 2017 data from the Nutrition Business Journal, or on the American public. Fifty-two percent of respondents to the 2011-2012 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported using dietary supplements – unchanged from the 1999-2000 survey.
As a registered dietitian, I believe a nutritious diet is the best way to achieve a healthy foundation. Supplements (as the name suggests) can be used as a complement to help a person with certain deficiencies meet their nutrient needs. If you’re taking a supplement because of such a deficiency, you should try to take it in a way that could promote optimal absorption. Supplement timing can seem complicated, so let’s simplify when to take some of the most common dietary supplements and why.
When to take supplements
There is debate about whether taking your vitamins in the morning or at night is best. The theory goes that because you’re getting nutrients throughout the day from food, having your nutrition supplements at night helps your body get some nutrition as you sleep.
But Jeffrey Blumberg, a professor of nutrition science and policy at Tufts University in Boston, says, “Digestion slows down during sleep, so taking your nutrient supplement late at night would not be associated with an efficient absorption.”
Neil Levin, a clinical nutritionist at NOW Foods, agrees that morning is best for multivitamins and any B vitamins. “Multivitamins tend to do best when taken earlier in the day, as the B vitamins in them might stimulate metabolism and brain function too much for a relaxing evening or before bed,” Levin says.
Although morning is probably ideal, the best time of day is the time you’ll remember. Put the supplement bottles on your kitchen counter next to your coffee maker, so they jog your memory when you reach for your morning cup. Or keep them in your lunch bag or briefcase so you’ll remember them.
With food or without?
Most supplements should be taken with food to reduce the chances they’ll upset your stomach and to stimulate digestion and improve absorption. For a select few, it really doesn’t matter if you take them on an empty stomach. So which ones should you pay attention to?
Iron, magnesium and fish oil supplements are the most common culprits for digestive upset when taken on an empty stomach, so take extra care to have these with a meal or snack.
Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K are better absorbed when you have them with a meal or snack that contains at least a teaspoon of fat, about 5 grams. The same goes for your multivitamin, which contains these vitamins. For example, if you’re taking your multivitamin with your breakfast, make sure you’re having some almond butter with your oatmeal or avocado with your eggs and toast.
For probiotics, preliminary research suggests taking them with a meal or 30 minutes before a meal could be better than taking them after eating.
Hydration is also important, Blumberg says. “Fluid intake is especially important for the disintegration of the supplement tablet or capsule and for dissolution of water-soluble nutrients such as vitamin C and B vitamins,” he says. So be sure to wash down all supplements with a tall glass of water.
The main exception to the “take with food” rule for dietary supplements is with certain types of minerals. Only chelated mineral supplements can be taken without food, Levin says. Chelation occurs when a mineral has been bound to an acid, so it doesn’t rely on your stomach acid to break it down. Calcium citrate and magnesium glycinate are the main examples. (If this level of detail is overwhelming, take your supplements with food to cover your bases.)
Some nutrient dynamic duos include vitamin D to boost calcium absorption and vitamin C to boost iron absorption. That’s why taking in these nutrients simultaneously via supplements or boosting with food sources is ideal. A classic example is having your iron supplements with a glass of orange juice to get the absorption-boosting effects of the vitamin C.
Calcium can affect your body’s absorption of iron, zinc and magnesium. I recommend taking any calcium supplements at a different meal than any iron supplements or your multivitamin. Also, your body absorbs calcium more effectively when you take 600 milligrams or less at a time. If you’re taking more than that per day, you’ll want to split up the dosage into morning and evening doses.
Fiber is another nutrient you’ll want to take apart from other supplements and medications because it interferes with absorption. I recommend doing so before bed if you aren’t taking anything else at that time.
Here’s a sample schedule for optimal absorption of the supplements named.
Multivitamin or prenatal multivitamin/folic acid
Fiber supplement (with a large glass of water)
If it isn’t practical for you to remember to take supplements at lunch or other points during the day, don’t worry. Have your multivitamin and any fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E and K) with food that contains some fat, keep your calcium and iron separate, and you’ll be fine. You’ll be even better off if you focus on eating nutritious whole foods, because science suggests that this, rather than supplements, is the optimal way to get your nutrients.Morning or night? With food or without? Answers to your questions about taking supplements
6 Protein-Rich Foods You Should Eat After A Workout
What you eat before and after a workout can affect your health, weight loss goals and how you respond to exercise. The right kind of nutrition is important for regular progress and achieve your desired goals on time. However, it is a common tendency to put more attention to what you eat before your workout than what you eat after a workout. In this article, we talk about the right kind of proteins which you must eat after a workout.
Why is it important to eat right after a workout?
On exercising, muscles use glycogen stories for fuel. This makes muscles being slightly deprived of glycogen. Healthline mentions that some proteins in muscles also get broken down. The body tries to rebuild its oxygen stores and eating the right nutrients can help you do this faster. For good recovery, the right kind of nutrition can improve your recovery as well.
Proteins to eat after a workout
Exercising results in breakdown of muscle protein. The rate at which this happens depends on the intensity of your exercise. Consuming proteins after a workout can give your body amino acids for repairing rebuilding the lost proteins.
Whole eggs can be a good post-workout snack. Packed with protein, eggs while provide you with the right kind of nutrition and will improve your muscle building. People trying to lose weight can also eat eggs after working out.
2. Sweet potato:
While rich in carbs, sweet potato also contains protein. Consuming carb-rich food can refuel you after a session of intense workout.
3. Cottage cheese:
For times you feel too tired to prepare an entire post-workout meal, you can simply slice some cottage cheese into cubes, sprinkle some salt and black pepper on it and eat it raw. Cottage cheese contains good amount of protein that can help you recover after your workout.
Fibre and protein content in quinoa make it an ideal post-workout meal. What’s more is that quinoa is gluten-free and can help people on a weight loss diet as well.
Chicken is lean protein that can help you feel energised after a workout. Protein from chicken can help you build muscle mass.
6. Fatty fish like salmon and tuna:
Along with being rich in omega 3 fatty acids, fatty fish like salmon and tuna are also rich sources of protein. Omega 3 fatty acids in fatty fish are good for heart health. Fatty fish is low in carbs and can thus be included in weight loss diet as well.
Want To Get Rid Of Bloating, Stomach Cramps Once And For All? Cut Down These Foods From Your Diet
Cutting out specific foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues for physically active people, especially a runner, researchers say.
The study, conducted by researchers from the Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, showed that a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (or FODMAP) diet reduces some of the issues caused by exercise such as stomach cramps and bloating, and improves a person’s perceived ability to exercise.
FODMAP foods include those containing lactose (milk, yoghurt and cheese), fructans (found in cereals, breads and pasta), galactic-oligosaccharides (legumes and onions), excess fructose (for example in apples, pears and asparagus) and polyols (often added as a food additive).
“We found a clear benefit when following the low FODMAP diet, with a reduction in exercise-related gastrointestinal symptoms amongst otherwise healthy, recreational runners,” said Justin Roberts, Principal Lecturer at the varsity.
For the study, the researchers involved a group of healthy recreational exercisers. Everyone in the group followed two eating plans for one week at a time, with the key difference being the FODMAP content.
The findings, published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, found that 69 per cent of those following a low FODMAP diet experienced an improvement in symptoms and were able to exercise more frequently and at a higher intensity.
In addition, the improvement in perceived pain, in conjunction with reduced experiences of bloating whilst on a low FODMAP diet, is likely explained by a reduction in intestinal water volume and gas production, caused by fewer indigestible carbohydrates available for fermentation in the gut.
However, further studies are needed to examine the benefits of this diet when combined with long-term training strategies. It is important that people take care if deciding to follow a low FODMAP diet, as reductions in total caloric and carbohydrate intake may impact on nutritional quality, Roberts suggested.
How black coffee can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes
The rate at which type 2 diabetes is increasing around the world is really high. It is important to understand what measures can prevent the disease and also which of them can increase your risk of developing it.
Coffee is a very common beverage all around the world, especially in countries that have very cold climatic conditions, timesnownews.com reported.
When the beverage is a staple in so many households, it is important to understand its effect on diabetes — risk and treatment.
Does diabetes reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes? Does it help in reversing it? Read on to answer all your questions.
A cup of black coffee every day can reduce your risk of developing diabetes
According to a study published by the American Diabetes Association, people who drink coffee have a lower level of blood sugar.
Another study found that the risk of developing diabetes decreased by nine percent in people who drank one cup of coffee every day. One more study that specifically studied women of postmenopausal women found that women who drank six cups of coffee every day had a 22 percent lower risk of diabetes. There happen to be various studies that second this notion, therefore it may be safe to believe that coffee can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
How to drink coffee to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes?
Here is how you should drink your coffee to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes-
? Regular coffee is better to reduce risk than decaffeinated coffee.
? Prefer to not use sweeteners like sugar.
? Avoid drinking coffee with any dairy products like milk or cream.
? Remember coffee has benefits for diabetes only when consumed in its purest form.
? Artificially sweetened coffee may lead to weight gain and increase your risk of diabetes.
IVR Institute takes action against 3 Kashmiri girls for ‘adverse remarks’ against Army
Bareilly (UP), February 21: The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) here has taken action against three Kashmiri girls for allegedly...
5 held for assault on Kashmiri trader in West Bengal
Kolkata, Feb 21: Five persons have been arrested for assaulting a Kashmiri shawl trader in West Bengal’s Nadia district, police...
69 killed as massive fire breaks out in chemical warehouses in Bangladesh capital
Dhaka: At least 69 people were killed as a massive fire ripped through several buildings also used as chemical and...
SC to hear tomorrow plea for protection of Kashmiris from threats after Pulwama Attack
New Delhi: The Supreme Court has agreed to hear on Friday a PIL seeking a direction to authorities to protect...
We want Kashmir, But Not Kashmiris: Chidambaram points out the ‘Depressing Irony’
New Delhi: Some people want Kashmir to be part of India but don’t want Kashmiris to be part of Indians,...
Fresh snowfall, landslides shut Srinagar-Jammu highway
Srinagar: Fresh snowfall in the Banihal area and multiple landslides in the Ramsoo-Ramban sector blocked the Jammu-Srinagar highway, prompting halt...