Medically known as Tinea Pedis, Athlete’s foot is a foot infection caused by fungus that usually begins to grow between toes. It is a contagious fungal infection that affects the skin on the foot. Athlete’s foot can also affect soles or sides of the feet. If not treated well, it can spread to the toenails and hands. Athlete’s foot commonly occurs in people whose feet become very sweaty due to the confinement to tight fitted shoes. Athletes are more likely to sweat because of tight shoes. This is the reason why this fungal infection is known as ‘Athlete’s foot’. Athlete’s foot sometimes causes fluid-filled blisters. These blisters are small pockets of body fluids like lymph, serum, plasma, blood or pus within the upper layers of skin. They are caused by rubbing, burning, freezing, chemical exposures or injections. Most blisters are filled with clear fluid, either serum or plasma. Athlete’s foot isn’t serious but it is sometimes hard to cure. If you are diabetic or have a weak immune system, you must see a doctor. Common symptoms of Athlete’s foot include a scaly red rash between the toes, itching, blisters, chronic dryness, etc.
Causes of Athlete’s foot
Athlete’s foot occurs primarily because of the growth of tinea fungus on the foot. It can also be caused because of other kinds of fungi which produce ringworm and jock itch. Damp socks and shoes contain a lot of moisture and this might favour growth of fungi. It is commonly found in showers, locker room floors and around swimming pools. You can catch the fungus through direct contact with an infected person, or by touching objects contaminated with the fungi, such as towels, floors, and shoes.
Risk factors for Athlete’s foot
1. Risks of athlete’s foot are higher in men than in women.
2. Wearing damp socks or tightly fitted shoes can increase risks of athlete’s foot.
3. Sharing mats, rugs, bed linens, clothes or shoes with someone who has a fungal infection can also cause athlete’s foot.
4. If you walk barefoot in public areas where the infection can spread, such as locker rooms, saunas, swimming pools, communal baths, and showers, you can be infected by Athlete’s foot.
5. After keeping your feet wet for long periods of time, your feet becomes moist. This also happens after swimming or taking a long shower. The foot area becomes extremely soft and sensitive, hence encouraging the growth of fungus.
6. If you have a minor skin or nail injury on your foot, it may lead to athlete’s foot.
7. If you have generally sweaty feet, you are prone to risks of athlete’s foot.
Symptoms of Athlete’s foot
Itching, stinging and burning between the toes or soles, blisters on the foot causing itching or irritation, cracks or peeling on feet’s skin, dry skin on soles and sides of feet, raw skin on feet, discoloured or crumbled toenails or toenails pulling away from nail bed are all symptoms of athlete’s foot.
Do’s and Don’ts for Athlete’s foot
1. Dry your feet after washing them, particularly between your toes. Dab them dry instead of rubbing them.
2. Use a separate towel to wash your feet and wash it regularly.
3. Take off your shoes when you are at home.
4. Wear clean socks and shoes every day. Cotton socks are most recommended.
1. Don’t scratch the affected skin- this can spread the infection to other parts of your body.
2. Don’t walk barefoot. Wear flip-flops in places like showers and changing rooms.
3. Don’t share towels and socks with anyone and especially those who are already affected by the infection.
4. Don’t wear shoes that confine your feet and make them sweaty. Wear shoes of your size; one which does not restrict your foot movement.
Preventions of Athlete’s foot
Following are some tips to prevent athlete’s foot
1. Put antifungal powder on your feet every day.
2. Don’t share socks, shoes or towels with others.
3. Wear sandals or flip-flops in public areas like swimming pools, saunas, etc.
4. To kill the infections wash your feet regularly. Washing with an antifungal recommendation would treat most cases of an Athlete’s foot.
5. Change socks every day and shoes on every second day.
Athlete’s foot infection generally responds to the antifungal treatments. However, long-term infection is difficult to eliminate. For long-term treatment for athlete’s foot, antifungal medication is necessary.
Monsoon season is such that the foot is more likely to carry moisture. So this season, if you get drenched in the rain or otherwise, remember to keep your foot clean and sanitized. We don’t want you to be wearing shoes to an Athlete’s foot.
Follow This Diet To Prevent Chronic Kidney Disease
If you have chronic kidney disease you should be very careful as to what you are eating and drinking. Controlling high blood pressure and diabetes is very necessary to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. You need to change your diet in order to manage chronic kidney disease. One is more likely to develop kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease or a family history of kidney failure. A kidney-friendly diet limits certain foods to prevent the minerals in those foods from building up in your body.
You can prevent chronic kidney disease by the following measures:
1. Make Healthy Choices: Start eating foods that are healthy for your heart and kidney. Try eating and buying only fresh food. Your diet should include fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products. Try to cut back on salt and added sugars. Instead you can use other spices and herbs to make your meals tasty.
2. Eat less Salt: You should avoid too many prepared or packaged foods you buy at the supermarket or at restaurants as it contains too much salt. Try to eat home cooked food as much as possible as most fast foods have high amounts of salt. Always look for food labels with words like sodium free or salt free; or low, reduced, or no salt or sodium; or unsalted or lightly salted.
3. Right amount of Protein: When your body uses protein, it produces waste. Your kidneys remove this waste. Eating more protein than you need may make your kidneys work harder. Hence, you should be careful as to what proteins are you taking and in what amounts. It is important to ensure your protein intake comes from high-quality sources such as egg whites, fish, poultry, meat, soya and small of amounts of dairy.
4. Fluids: Water is important to survive, but when you have kidney disease, you may not need in high quantity. This is because damaged kidneys do not get rid of extra fluid as well as they should. Too much fluid in your body can be dangerous. It can cause high blood pressure, swelling and heart failure. Extra fluid can also build up around your lungs and make it hard to breathe.
Resistance training can motivate you to stick to your exercise regime
Resistance training can improve exercise motivation and planning among older adults, says a new study.
Lack of motivation is a big factor for many people not following an exercise regime. But a few months of resistance trainingcan change that by instilling an intrinsic interest in pursuing physical activity, suggests new research. Resistance training can maintain and increase muscle strength and functional capacity when ageing and it is recommended for older adults at least twice a week.
It also improves exercise motivation and contributes to making exercise planning among older adults, according to the study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. The study investigated the effects of a nine-month supervised resistance training intervention on exercise motivation, exercise planning and exercise self-efficacy.
In addition, it was examined whether these factors predict the continuation of resistance training for the next year following the intervention. he study involved 104 healthy 65-75-year-olds who did not meet physical activity guidelines for endurance exercise at baseline and did not have previous resistance training experience.
“Nine months of regular resistance training increased the intrinsic motivation for both training and physical activity in general: the subjects started to enjoy exercising,” said one of the researchers Tiia Kekalainen from the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland.
Additionally, exercise planning increased, indicating that the participants started to think about how to start and maintain a physically active lifestyle, Kekalainen said. After completing the supervised resistance training intervention, nearly half of the participants (46%) continued resistance training independently.
Approximately half of them participated in resistance training on average once-a-week during the following year and the other half twice-a-week. The results suggest that finding intrinsic motivation for exercise and increasing confidence to maintain a physically active lifestyle contribute to continuing resistance training independently.
High BP may be linked to higher BMI and obesity
A higher Body Mass Index (BMI) and obesity could be linked to high blood pressure, says a new study.
If you have a higher body mass index(BMI), chances are you may have increased blood pressure(BP) too, a new study has found. The findings, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, showed a strong correlation between the degree of obesity and high blood pressure.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to several cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke and heart failure. For the study, the research team involved 1.7 million Chinese men and women aged between 35 and 80 years and recorded the participants’ blood pressure from September 2014 to June 2017. They observed an increase of 0.8 to 1.7 mm Hg (kg/m2) in blood pressure per additional unit of BMI in individuals who were not taking anti-hypertensive medication.
Overall, the population had a mean BMI of 24.7 and a mean systolic blood pressure of 136.5, which qualifies as stage-I hypertension, according to American Heart Association guidelines. “If trends in overweight and obesity continue in China, the implication of our study is that hypertension, already a major risk factor, is likely to become even more important,” said senior author Harlan Krumholz from Yale University in the US. “This paper is ringing the bell that the time is now to focus on these risk factors,” he added.
The enormous size of the dataset allows us to characterise this relationship between BMI and blood pressure across tens of thousands of subgroups, which simply would not be possible in a smaller study, said author George Linderman from the varsity.
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