Acne is one the most common skin problems that both women and men face. While blackheads, whiteheads and pimples are a normal part of puberty, there are conditions when the acne can become stubborn and may as well occur well beyond your teenage years – the condition is known as hormonal acne. It can affect women even in their late 20s, 30s and 40s.
Delhi-based dermatologist and laser surgeon, Dr Deepali Bharadwaj and consultant dermatologist of Jaypee Hospital, Noida, Dr Sakshi Srivastava list out some of the most common causes and symptoms of hormonal acne and how to treat the same.
Bhardwaj says hormonal acne is more common in women and is mostly related to a woman’s menstrual cycle. It occurs during the cyclic flares of monthly menstrual cycles. When menarche happens, there’s a sudden release of oestrogen in the body. The fluctuation of oestrogen results in the breakout of acne. But it starts to decline once the oestrogen hormone becomes stable among ladies. Not only during menarche, another time when adult acne may occur is during menopause, when menstruation ceases in the late 40s.
Another common reason that may lead to hormonal imbalance is polycystic ovarian disease— 80% of women in India suffer from hormonal acne as a result of this disease, says Bhardwaj. It is the condition when male hormones are higher than female hormones in women. Srivastava says, when cysts builds in the ovary, it is not able to release the ovum. Hence, as the cysts get bigger, it leads to the breakout of hormonal acne.
It can also happen when people take pills in excessive quantity like steroids due to sugar, obesity or various other reasons. DHEAS or Dehydroepiandrosterone, which is an endogenous steroid hormone is another reason, adds Srivastava.
Other than that, stress, smoking, type-A personality disorder, drinking and unhealthy lifestyle habits can lead to breakouts. An increase in free testosterone levels is one of the main causes of hormonal acne in men.
If you have more than 2-3 acne on the face for continuous two-three weeks, then you need to reach out to a dermatologist as soon as possible.
The most common feature of hormonal acne is it happens in the lower face — the jaw area. It can happen in other areas of the face but this area is the most affected.
Dr Bharadwaj doesn’t recommend any oral medications, “I try to do lifestyle changes and suggest ayurvedic allopathic remedies. We recommend Diuretics that helps the body get rid of extra water and thus the hormonal problem will become a little diluted. In very serious cases also, I don’t like to recommend medications. People with hormonal problems slightly tend to become overweight. We tell them to lose weight through medical therapies and regular body massages. Increasing basic metabolic rate will help in less acne growth, so we ask them to try doing cardio, exercises and lifestyle changes.”
On the other hand, Dr Srivastava says one requires to do an ultrasound test of the lower abdomen, ” After the hormonal test, we see the hormonal profile of the patient during the second or third day of the period cycle. For that, we do a blood test on an empty stomach, early in the morning. Then according to the results and growth of the hormones, we give medicines. For example, if someone has sugar along with hormonal problems, one needs to have both the pills”.
Apart from these, one can try home remedies as well — take a bowl and mix tomato juice, lemon juice, multani mitti and sandalwood powder in equal quantities. Apply it on acne, wait for 5-10 minutes and then wash off with water, recommends Bhardwaj.
This Protein Not Only Helps In Losing Weight Quickly But Is Good For The Heart Too!
Protein is a macronutrient which is extremely important for the overall development of the body. It is essential for the growth and repair of muscle tissue, cellular health and function. But whenever we talk of protein foods, some common foods that come to our mind are chicken, eggs, dairy products, nuts and cheese. In the following article, let us introduce to a new plant-source of protein. An excellent source of protein which can be easily included in your diet is soya protein.
Soya is high in protein and is derived naturally from soya beans. It is a great option for vegetarians and lactose intolerant people. Soy generally contains fibre and isoflavones. Vegetarians can easily include them in their diet to increase the consumption of proteins. Soya has transcended its Asian origins to become the most widely cultivated legume all across the globe. Soy protein can said to be the best source of plant protein as it contains all the essential amino acids in right quantities which are required in order to place the body into an anabolic state.
Delhi-based nutritionist Monisha Ashokan said, “Soya protein is a complete protein with all the nine essential amino acids. This is the reason why it is easily utilised by the body for growth and repair. It is high in fiber and low in calories which makes it an essential food item for those looking to shed a few kilos.
Furthermore, it also helps to prevent ageing. The phytoestrogen present in soyabean helps the body to produce more estrogen which reduces fine lines and wrinkles.So add this to your diet and reap its benefits!
Foods that contain high amounts of soya are naturally low in saturated fat and cholesterol. Whereas animal sources of protein like chicken, fatty fish, beef, pork and lamb are high in saturated fat and cholesterol. This may increase your risk of developing several cardiovascular diseases. However, substituting them with soya could help cut saturated fats and reduce your overall risk for disease.
Also, soya based foods are a great way to boost your fiber intake. They are rich in dietary fiber. Fiber promotes a healthy gastrointestinal system, reduces cholesterol, is associated with a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular disease and aids in quick weight loss. You could try including green soya beans, black beans, soya nuts and soya flour into your diet. Moreover, soya foods have high amounts of polyunsaturated fats. These fats can be beneficial for your heart as they help in lowering the cholesterol. As an added benefit, soya foods are a great source of essential vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B, B12, calcium, vitamin D, vitamin E, iron, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc and antioxidants add the nutritional benefits of soya. These vital vitamins and minerals help boost the immunity of the body.
Top 5 foods rich in soya protein:
Soya milk and yoghurt
(Monisha Ashokan is a nutritionist at Nourish Me)
Exercise may help increase cancer patient’s chance for survival
Regular exercise before and after a cancer diagnosis significantly improves odds of survival, a new study finds.
According to HealthDay News, among more than 5,800 US patients with a range of early- to late-stage cancers, those who exercised three or four times a week before and after their diagnosis had a 40 percent lower risk of death than inactive patients, researchers reported.
But survival gains were strong even for patients who began exercising only after their cancer diagnosis.
“Patients who reported never doing any type of exercise until they were faced with a cancer diagnosis cut their risk of death by 25 percent to 28 percent compared to those who remained inactive,” said first author Rikki Cannioto. She’s an assistant professor of oncology at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center in Buffalo, NY.
Patients who exercised once or twice a week also had a much lower risk of death than inactive patients, suggesting that any amount of regular, weekly activity is better than no activity, according to the researchers.
Study participants had blood or head and neck cancers, as well as breast, prostate, lung, colon, kidney, esophageal, bladder, ovarian, endometrial, pancreatic, liver or stomach cancers. Others had sarcoma or cervical, thyroid, testicular, brain or skin cancers.
The strongest link between exercise and reduced risk of death was seen with eight types: breast, colon, prostate, ovarian, bladder, endometrial, esophageal and skin cancer, the research team said.
The results “solidify the importance of the message that when it comes to exercise, some weekly activity is better than inactivity,” Cannioto said in a Roswell news release.
The finding that low-to-moderate weekly exercise is associated with improved survival is particularly encouraging, Cannioto said, given that cancer patients and survivors can be overwhelmed by the current recommendations of at least 30 minutes of daily moderate-to-intense physical activity.
The study was published recently in the journal Cancer Causes and Control.
There is a link between obesity and the ability to smell: Study
Not many people would have thought that obesity and the ability to smell are related. But in an interesting study, a surprising link has been discovered by a team of researchers from the University of Otago in New Zealand. A sample of around 1,500 individuals were gathered for the purpose of the study.
“After compiling our evidence, we found there is, in fact, a strong link between a person’s body weight and their smell ability – the better a person can smell, the more likely the person is to be slim, or vice versa,” says Dr Mei Peng, lead author of the study, according to a report in the Medical News Daily.
Adding that smell plays a vital role when it comes to choosing our flavours and our foods, Dr Peng said, “For example, they might choose, or be more attracted to, saltier and tastier foods such as bacon and maple syrup instead of blander foods, such as low-fat cereal with less sugar.”
The researchers concluded from the study that people who have obesity or were closer to it had a reduced ability to smell flavours. Based on these findings, as per Medical News Daily, it was induced that obesity “alters a person’s metabolism, which affects communication pathways between the gut and brain”.
To connect the link between the gut and brain, researchers considered the effects of two surgical obesity treatments – stomach removal and gastric bypass. “Cutting the stomach could change nerves in the stomach that affect the gut-brain pathway, so smell changes could be the key to the difference between the two surgeries — essentially, the smaller size of the stomach might not be the factor that leads to weight loss, it is more likely due to the gut-brain pathway being reset,” Dr Peng concludes.