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What Is The Difference Between A Psychiatrist And A Psychologist?

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People dealing with mental health problems like depression or anxiety disorder are suggested to consult a psychiatrist and/or psychologist. But this does not imply that psychologists and psychiatrist are the experts who provide similar medical service. So how do you figure out that you need to visit a psychologist or a psychiatrist for catering to a mental health concern? While the two fields of science may have similarities, they do have significant differences which set them apart from each other.

Psychologists and psychiatrists differ in their approach towards mental health problems

What are the similarities in a psychologist and a psychiatrist?

 

Psychiatrists and psychologists are different types of doctor who study ways to deal with mental health issues. They are both there to talk people through their problems and help them when they are finding difficulty in dealing with their emotions. They try to help you manage struggles of everyday life.

Difference between psychologist and psychiatrist

While psychiatrists are medical doctors (MDs) who graduate from a medical school and have residency in assessment and treatment of mental health disorders, psychologists have a doctoral degree in psychology and study the mind and behaviour.

Psychologists are not medical doctors. They can have a PhD in philosophy or PsyD in clinical or counselling psychology. They are also trained in giving psychological tests like IQ and personality tests, unlike psychiatrists.

Psychiatrists have the authority of prescribing medications to people dealing with mental health problems. This is because of their medical training. However, the same is not the case with psychologists. Only a psychologist who has taken a course in psychopharmacology can prescribe limited number of psychiatric medications.

How psychologists and psychiatrists are different in their approach

Psychologists and psychiatrists are both trained for practicing psychotherapy, which refers to talking to patients about their problems in life. But their background training makes them both approach to mental health problems in different ways.

For instance, a psychologist will track sleep patterns of a person who is depressed and cannot get out bed. S/he will also track eating patterns and negative thoughts that might be causing such a behavioural activation.

Both psychology and psychiatry backed by complete trust and confidentiality

Psychiatrists, on the other hand, will have a stronger sense of biology and neurochemistry. Before calling someone “depressed”, they will first check if a person is suffering from any other medical condition like vitamin deficiency of thyroid problem. It is only after doing the mental diagnosis that a psychiatrist will prescribe medicines.

Whom should you call

Serious mental health problems such as major depression, schizophrenia or a bipolar disorder should be checked with a psychiatrist. This is because these conditions have severe physical symptoms and it might get difficult for the patient to take basic care of himself/herself. Psychiatrists have better formal training and treatment options for patients with such mental illness, as compared to psychologists.

In the meantime, there are many patients who do not prefer to take medications. Their mental health conditions are less severe and they usually are afraid of getting addicted to medicines. They are also apprehensive about the medicines would react on their body chemistry. If you feel the same, you should probably visit a psychologist.

Nonetheless, a clinically depressed person can benefit from medication (psychiatrist) and someone dealing with phobia can find relief by taking some therapy (psychologist). A psychologist dealing with a person – with more severe symptoms such as suicidal tendencies or highly irrational thoughts – will usually ask him/her to consult a psychiatrist for better diagnosis and treatment through medicines.

Do not shy away from seeking help from psychologist or psychiatrist when needed

At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter whether you are visiting a psychiatrist or a psychology. If you are facing problems in dealing with life and are going through an emotional crisis, you must seek help. Both psychology and psychiatry are built around strong relationships which are backed by complete trust and confidentiality. After you seek primary level help from visiting a doctor, the secondary level of help will be provided to you by the doctor.

But no matter what, do not continue hiding your discomfort and pain because of a mental illness for too long.

Mental illness is as serious as physical illness and must be taken seriously under all circumstances. We are living in times when celebrities like Deepika Padukone, Ellen DeGenres, Cara Delevingne and many more have come out in the open and spoken about depression. If you feel you are experiencing prolonged sadness or any other kind of emotional crisis, do visit a psychologist or psychiatrist at the earliest.


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Health

4 Simple Tips To Achieve Your Weight Loss Goals And A Healthy Living

The Kashmir Monitor

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Health is wealth! But in the today’s world where everyone is so occupied with work do we actually pay attention to our lifestyle. Well! Not really. After all, what does it actually take to lead a healthy lifestyle? A healthy lifestyle is extremely important as it helps to improve your health and well-being. There are a lot many different things that you can do to live a healthy lifestyle. These include eating healthy and nutritious foods, being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, adequate sleep and managing your stress. A healthy lifestyle is not just about eating wholesome meals and regular physical exercise. There is much more to that. It is also about your physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being. Health expert Luke Coutinho in his recent Instagram post talks about keeping life simple and healthy.

Top 4 simple and effective tips for better overall health:

1. Clean balanced meals

 

Eating balanced and healthy meals is extremely essential for a healthy lifestyle. Your meals should include healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds, dairy products, whole grains, healthy fats, and omega-3 fatty acids. Also, you should avoid unhealthy foods like red and processed meats, high-calorie foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, trans fat, and excessive sodium. A healthy diet will be beneficial for your overall health and keep you away from chronic diseases.

2. Some movement

Movement is a key to a healthy life. Some sort of physical activity is very necessary. Not just few times a week but everyday. Exercising daily can boost your overall health in many ways. It can help increase your life span, lower the risk of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure, help you develop strong bones, and manage your weight. For this, you can simply especially for close distances, choose walking or cycling over driving or taking transportation. You can climb the stairs instead of taking the elevator. You can pick up simple exercises that are easy to do at home or outside that you enjoy. For instance, Zumba, aerobics, running, swimming or may be playing your favourite sport.

3. Adequate sleep

You might ignore this one but sleep is very important. It helps your body to heal and rest, so you must not ignore on your sleep. Lack of sleep may lead to poor health outcomes like obesity, diabetes, and even certain heart diseases. Continued lack of sleep can lead to a weak immune system and make you more prone to cold and the flu.

You can do some simple things to ensure that you sleep better at night. You can avoid caffeine and nicotine close to bedtime. Also, avoid eating heavy meals before bedtime. Physical exercise can also help you sleep better at night. But avoid strenuous workouts close to bedtime.

4. Stress

Though it is difficult to avoid stress in today’s world. But simple measures can always be taken to reduce stress. As stress again could lead to high blood sugar levels, hypertension and can even affect your heart. So practice some deep breathing exercises, meditation and yoga to manage stress. Also, try reaching out to friends, family and relatives quite often. This will help you remain positive and happy all the time.

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Health

Facing Digestion Issues? This Quick After-Meal Mix Can Help You!

The Kashmir Monitor

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Has it been long since digestive issues have been interfering with your health? Poor digestion is undoubtedly a sign of poor health and there is something that you must do about it . We have previously spoken about different kinds of foods that can help improve digestion. In this article, we will talk about an after-meal digestive mix suggested by lifestyle coach Luke Coutinho. This digestive mix consists of simple ingredients which can be easily found in Indian households. This after-meal digestive needs 5 ingredients, namely fennel seeds, sesame seeds, chopped almonds, flax, and ajwain. All these foods are popular for their benefits on digestive health.

Here are some benefits of Luke Coutinho’s after-meal digestive mix:

1. Fennel seeds: Fennel seeds are commonly consumed after meals. Many restaurants provide fennel seeds after food. Fennel seeds are highly popular for their digestive benefits. They can also help in getting relief from flatulence, painful periods, boosting metabolism, regulating blood sugar and improving hydration.

 

2. Sesame seeds: Dietary fibre in sesame seeds help in improving digestion. They provide your body with the required fibre which is needed for improving digestion. Fibre helps in improving gut bacteria. 100 gm of sesame seeds contain around 12 g of fibre. This amount, when combined with other fibre-rich foods, can restore digestive system in the body.

3. Almonds: Almonds too are rich in fibre. When consumed in the appropriate quantities, almonds can help in improving digestive health. Almonds can provide beneficial gut bacteria. Vitamin -E rich almonds are great for heart health and eye health.

4. Flax: Flax seeds are loaded with nutrients like protein, carbs, fibre, omega-3 fatty acids, B-vitamins and much more. Content of dietary fibre in flax seeds can be beneficial for your digestive health. Including flax seeds in your diet can assure regular bowel movements.

5. Ajwain: Chewing ajwain or carom seeds can help in easing gas and flatulence. Carom seeds are full of thymol which helps in secreting gastric juices that aid digestion. For years, ajwain has been used a home remedy for curing indigestion. You can consume it in small quantities as it tastes slightly spicy.

For preparing Luke Coutinho’s after-meal digestive mix, you simply need to mix all of the above ingredients in a glass jar. A teaspoon of this mix after your meals every day can bring significant improvement to your digestion.

(Luke Coutinho, Holistic Lifestyle Coach – Integrative Medicine)

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Know how to counter ill effects of long-time sitting

The Kashmir Monitor

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These are the findings of a recent study which appear in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The results highlight the importance of movement — regardless of its intensity or amount of time spent moving — for better health.

“Our findings underscore an important public health message that physical activity of any intensity provides health benefits,” said lead author Keith Diaz of Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.

About one in four adults spends more than eight hours a day sitting, according to a recent study.

 

In a previous paper, Diaz and his team discovered that adults who sat for long stretches at a time — an hour or more without interruption — had a greater risk of early death than those who were sedentary for the same total amount of time but got up and moved around more often.

They also found that people who sat for less than 30 minutes at a time had the lowest risk of early death, suggesting that taking movement breaks every half-hour could lower your risk of death.

But just how intense, and for how long, does the physical activity need to be to counter the ill effects of sitting?

The study found that replacing just 30 minutes of sitting with low-intensity physical activity would lower the risk of early death by 17 per cent, a statistically significant decrease. Swapping the same amount of sitting for moderate to vigorous activity would be twice as effective, cutting the risk of early death by 35 per cent. The researchers also found that short bursts of activity — of just a minute or two — provided a health benefit.

“If you have a job or lifestyle that involves a lot of sitting, you can lower your risk of early death by moving more often, for as long as you want and as your ability allows — whether that means taking an hour-long high-intensity spin class or choosing lower-intensity activities, like walking,” Diaz said.

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