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What Is Weight Cycling? Did You Know It Could Raise Mortality Risk?

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Weight cycling – the repeated loss and regain of body weight (usually from diet) – has been associated with a higher risk of death, according to a recent study.The research has been published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Weight cycling leads to adverse health outcomes. By some estimates, 80 percent of people who lose weight will gradually regain it to end up at the same weight or even heavier than they were before they went on a diet.

The Endocrine Society’s Scientific Statement on the causes of obesity found this was because once an individual loses weight, the body typically reduces the amount of energy expended at rest, during exercise and daily activities while increasing hunger. This combination of lower energy expenditure and hunger creates a “perfect metabolic storm” of conditions for weight gain.

People with obesity who experienced more weight cycling were less likely to develop diabetes than other study participants.

Photo Credit: iStock

“This study shows that weight cycling can heighten a person’s risk of death,” said lead study author Hak C. Jang. “However, we also concluded that weight loss as a result of weight cycling can ultimately reduce the risk of developing diabetes in people with obesity.”

In the 16-year prospective cohort study, researchers examined 3,678 men and women from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study and found weight cycling was associated with a higher risk of death.

Interestingly, people with obesity who experienced more weight cycling were less likely to develop diabetes than other study participants. The health benefits of weight loss overshadowed the adverse effects of weight cycling for individuals with obesity looking to lower their diabetes risk.


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Health

Constantly Facing Gut Issues And Indigestion Problems? Chronic Stress Could Be The Culprit!

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Impact of your stress on your overall health and well-being can be much more than you can imagine. Excessive stress can play a toll on your physical and mental health. It can specifically damage your gut health and digestion. Short-term stress can make a person lose appetite and slower down digestion, while long-term stress can cause gastrointestinal issues like indigestion, constipation and upset stomach. People who are chronically stressed are likely to suffer from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other serious gastrointestinal disorders.

The key to curbing digestion problems is managing stress. Taking lesser stress can bring down inflammation in the gut and will help in keeping you nourished. This is because without stress, your body is able to absorb all the nutrients it needs in a better way.

Following are some effective measures to control stress and improve gut health:

1. Quit smoking

Smoking is hazardous to digestive health. It is likely to increase risks of gastrointestinal diseases, peptic ulcers and cancer. It is about time you stopped resorting to smoking whenever you are stressed, as it is really being of no help to you. Opt for stress management techniques like engaging in a hobby, exercising, listening to music or simply taking a walk in the park. Here are some effective tips that can help you quit smoking.

2. Yoga

Yoga is an activity which has benefits for both physical and mental health. Yoga involves postures which improve alignment and posture and these can help in eliminating digestion problems and gastrointestinal issues. Yoga is a great stress busting activity as well.

3. Include prebiotics and probiotics in your diet

Prebiotics and probiotics provide your body with essential good bacteria. Food sources of prebiotics include onions, garlic, banana and asparagus to name a few. You can get your desired probiotics from kombucha, kefir, yogurt, sauerkraut and other fermented products. Prebiotics and probiotics have the capability of altering bacteria makeup in gut microbiome, thus making room for good bacteria and improving digestion.

4. Meditation

You need to practice mindful meditation for effective stress management. Mindful meditation is the practice which helps you be more aware about your daily life. You can also practice some deep breathing exercises as they can reduce inflammation and stress. You can try deep breathing exercises before your meals. This will help you relax and also make you prepared for digestion.

It is important to know that stress can cause weight gain and may even lead to anxiety and depression. Stressful situations will always occur in life. You need to work towards changing your attitude to stressful situations and not give too much importance to every problem which occurs in your life.

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Health

Beware! Do Not Buy Skincare Products If They Contain These Ingredients

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There are thousands of suggestions available on the internet on what skincare products you should be using. But do you know about the ones you should definitely not be using? Dermatologist Dr Kiran Lohia Sethi, in one of her posts on Instagram, talks about some products which you must never use on your skin. Whenever you are buying skincare products, it is important to check the ingredients with which they are made. Read below to know about the products which you must definitely avoid using on your skin.

Products you must not use on the skin

In her Instagram video, Dr Kiran says that products there are some products which contain nasty chemicals hidden in them. These chemicals are especially present in products which have artificial fragrance. “Artificial fragrance actually contains thousands of different chemicals which have not been tested,” she says. Products which come with artificial fragrances can be harmful for the skin.

Products with artificial colours should also be avoided as they too are loaded with nasty chemicals. Such products are likely to give you an allergic reaction or even an inflammatory disorder, says Dr Kiran.

Products which contain parabens need to be avoided. Parabens are preservatives that are commonly used in pharmaceuticals, moisturisers, shampoos, cosmetics and deodorants. Butylparaben, ethylparaben, butylparaben and methylparaben are commonly used in parabens. If you can find non-paraben skincare products, it is going to be really beneficial for the skin. “Parabens have known to be associated with certain cancers and they have the tendency of sitting on your body for a long time,” says Dr Kiran.

Similarly, formaldehyde derivatives have also been found to be carcionogenic. Products which contain them as ingredients should be avoided.

The idea is to take care of your skin with natural and home remedies without using these products which can actually harm your skin in the long run.

(Dr. Kiran Lohia Sethi is a dermatologist at Isya aesthetics Pvt Ltd)

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Novel smartphone app can detect anaemia without blood test

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Biomedical engineers have developed a novel smartphone application that could non-invasively detect anaemia without the need for a blood test.

The app uses photos of a person’s fingernails taken on a smartphone to accurately measure how much haemoglobin is in their blood.

Fingernail beds are ideal for detection of anaemia because they do not contain melanin — pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their colour — indicating that the test can be valid for people with a variety of skin tones.

“All other ‘point-of-care’ anaemia detection tools require external equipment, and represent trade-offs between invasiveness, cost, and accuracy,” said principal investigator Wilbur Lam, Associate Professor from Emory University in the US.

“This is a standalone app whose accuracy is on par with currently available point-of-care tests without the need to draw blood,” said Lam.

The app is particularly helpful for pregnant women, women with abnormal menstrual bleeding, runners/athletes, and patients with chronic anaemia as they can monitor their disease and identify the times when they need to adjust their therapies or receive transfusions, the researchers said.

The app, detailed in the journal Nature Communications, is part of the doctoral work of former biomedical engineering graduate student Rob Mannino, who was motivated to conduct the research by his own experience living with beta-thalassemia — an inherited blood disorder that reduces the production of haemoglobin.

Maninno first took pictures of himself before and after transfusions as his haemoglobin levels were changing.

Later, the researchers studied fingernail photos and correlated the colour of the fingernail beds with haemoglobin levels measured by complete blood count (CBC) in 337 people.

The results showed some healthy and others with a variety of anaemia diagnoses.

However, additional research is needed to eventually achieve the accuracy to replace blood-based anaemia testing for clinical diagnosis, according to the team.

The smartphone anaemia app is projected to be commercially available for public download in 2019.

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