Hypertension contributes to premature cardiovascular events in Kashmir: New Study
Hypertension is the major contributing factor to the burden of non-communicable
diseases in Kashmir, a new study by Government Medical College, Srinagar, has
“Prevalence of Hypertension and its Association with Waist Circumference in
Adult Population of Block Hazratbal, Srinagar,
the 2018 study was authored by Abdul Rouf, Mahbooba Rasool, Salim Khan
SM, Inamul Haq, Abdul Hamid, Khalid Bashir and Sheikh Mohommad Saleem of
Government Medical College, Srinagar.
The study was
carried out with an objective to find out prevalence of hypertension in the
valley by taking sample size of 400 subjects above the age of 18.
“In Kashmir, only 57% with hypertension know
their condition, 40.6% receive anti-hypertensive treatment and only 13.2%
achieve the target of controlled blood pressure range. 80% of the burden is attributed to
cardiovascular diseases”, says the study.
According to the
study, high blood pressure is not only turning out to be cause for ischemic
heart disease and stroke but also the main risk factor for morbidity and
mortality as a result of premature cardiovascular events.
The study further
attributes the genetic and environmental factors as the reasons for blood
pressure. It includes age, gender, body mass index, physical activity, diet and
Dr Afaaq Jalaali,
senior physician, said uncontrolled hypertension results in an end organ damage
including kidneys, heart and brain.
hypertension gets off limits, it slowly brings out a change in the vessels by
affecting their smoothness and hindering the blood flow. As a result, the
chances of blood clot increases, and can cause early deaths through cardiac,
renal and brain damage”, he said.
Dr Afaaq said
that there is a need for healthy lifestyle in terms of a routine exercise and
healthy diet since genes cannot be changed. “Prevention and early diagnosis are
undoubtedly the way forward. People with hypertension, a family history and
more than two risk factors must be screened every six months to one year,” said