Connect with us

Health

Cancer rates spiral in Ladakh due to UV rays, sedentary lifestyle

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

🕒

on

IST

The rough terrain, the snow-capped peaks, the winding roads and monasteries – the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir is the abode of nature’s raw and untouched beauty. The region might be a haven for adventure travellers, but all is not well for the local residents.
The high altitude, exposure to excessive ultraviolet (UV) rays, lack of oxygen and the sedentary lifestyle of the locals are leading to a rise in cancer cases, particularly gastrointestinal (GI) and of the skin, according to medical experts from New Delhi’s premier All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
Twenty-four of the experts attended a five-day medical camp organised here by Ashoka Mission and SNM Hospital that focused on providing free medical aid to the people of the Leh and Kargil belt, especially those living in far off villages and belonging to financially poor backgrounds. The camp – now in its 25th year – saw more than 2,700 patients attending and getting examined.
“Out of 100 patients, 60-65 cases are of GI cancer. Unfortunately, in this belt there is no proper record or data of cases of cancer. The only numbers we get are from the hospital,” Dr Atul Sharma, Oncologist at the Dr. B.R.A Institute-Rotary Cancer Hospital (BIRCH) at AIIMS, told this visiting IANS correspondent.
Dr Sharma said the rise in GI cancer is mostly because of the unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle which includes consumption of stored meat and hot beverages.
“To keep their body warm, especially during the harsh winter, the people consume meat which has usually been stored for long periods. Also consumption of too many hot beverages, smoking and drinking further escalate the causes of GI cancer,” Dr Sharma added.
“Liver cancer from Hepatitis B is also a concern in this belt. There have been few cases which has come up and we are doing further research on the reasons behind it,” he added.
GI cancer, according to the doctor, is found to be more common in men aged above 40. Women who have undergone menopause have also been found to be prone, along with cervical and breast cancer.
“People are not aware of the early symptoms. There is a major lack of awareness in the region. 90% of the cases that came to me were in advanced stages. There is not much access to cancer treatment and even the proper drugs are not available,” Dr Sharma noted.
According to the oncologist, there are chances of the GI cancer rate going up in the coming years, but periodical endoscopy and early chemotherapy might help control the rise. Dr Kaushal K. Verma, a Dermatologist at AIIMS, stated that workers exposed to too much sunlight are also at higher risk of contracting skin cancer.
“The ultraviolet rays are too strong here. Even if the locals are properly covered or use umbrellas, it wont work much here,” he commented.
Dr Verma noted that the early symptoms of skin cancer are small patches which are mostly ignored.
“People don’t take these marks seriously because they are usually small in size. Also, it often becomes difficult for an individual to distinguish between normal skin disease and the cancer mark,” he added.
Not just exposure to the environment, Dr Verma cited food habits, vitamin deficiency and even pollution in the belt as reasons for the rise in skin cancer cases.
“If skin cancer is not treated at an early stage, it can be life threatening. Women in the belt are more into outdoor activities than men, so they face the danger of getting diagnosed with skin cancer, especially after the age of 40,” he said.
Apart from skin cancer, Dr Verma said locals are also at high risk in terms of several other skin problems like eczema and facial pigmentation, which are often difficult to treat as well.
“Most of the year it is extremely cold and dry. And when it is sunny, the rays are very strong — enough to damage the skin. This escalates skin problems,” he noted.
(Courtesy: Hindustan Times)


Advertisement
Loading...
Comments

Health

Health Problems from Wearing Heels

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

Heels are one of those great inventions that make anything look fabulous, but is a torture device at the same time. Podiatrist have a distinct hatred for heels and the health problems it brings to the wearer. We wear heels as part of our professional attire or for fashion, but at the end of the day we all slump up on our sofa saying “my feet is killing me”. Who knows why we still allow ourselves to go through this torture, but wearing heels does make you feel a little bit more powerful.

Human feet are not designed to wear heels all the time. Our feet are designed at a 90 degree angle to fully support our frame, altering it to a 60 or 45 degree angle will alter the foot function and position causing health problems. Below are some of the health problems you will encounter from wearing heels overtime.

Posture

 

Heels will increase the pressure on your forefoot and making you adjust your posture to maintain balance. Your lower body will tend to lean forward as your lower body leans backward. Long period of keeping this position will affect the posture.

Back

The back and spine have a normal S- curve that helps absorb shock and lessen pressure on the spine. Wearing heels will flatten this structure and alter the body’s positioning. This poor alignment will cause you to use more muscles, causing muscle pain and back pain. Posterior displacement can be fixed with the help of a medical professional.

Toe Pain and Ankle Pain

Wearing heels will increase the pressure that your toes and ankle face. Trying to balance out your body structure while wearing heels can wear down the joints in your ankles and cause muscles inflammation and calluses on the feet and toes.

Corns and Keratin Build-up

Corns and Keratin build-up will start to appear on the feet due to the pressure on the skin. Corn usually appears under the balls of the foot where most of the weight is pressed down. This corns will feel like small rocks and can cause discomfort.

Nerves

Pinched nerves or neuromas can cause mild to severe pain to wearers in the future, leaving it untreated can cause severe damage in the future.

Crack on the Bones

Wearing heels for a long period of time will result in cracks in the bones of the feet and stress fractures.

Tips:

Choose low heels that have a slightly thicker heel. This will allow more balance and spread the pressure on your feet.

Wear soft insoles. Wear rubber soled shoes instead of leather, this will absorb pressure better.

Wear heels when there is limited standing or walking. Bring flat shoes when commuting or walking for a long period of time.

Stretch every day, especially leg and calf stretches in the morning and at night.

Take in calcium supplements to make the bones stronger.

Wear heels are seldom as possible.

Continue Reading

Health

Obesity can impair learning, memory: Study

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

Obesity can break down our protective blood brain barrier resulting in problems with learning and memory, a study has found. Chronic activation of the receptor Adora2a on the endothelial cells that line this important barrier in our brain can let factors from the blood enter the brain and affect the function of our neurons, scientists said.

The team from Augusta University in the US have shown that when they block Adora2a in a model of diet-induced obesity, this important barrier function is maintained. “We know that obesity and insulin resistance break down the blood brain barrier in humans and animal models, but exactly how has remained a mystery,” said Alexis M Stranahan, neuroscientist at Augusta University and corresponding author of the study published in The Journal of Neuroscience.

In the brain, adenosine is a neurotransmitter that helps us sleep and helps regulate our blood pressure; in the body it’s also a component of the cell fuel adenosine triphosphate, or ATP.Adenosine also activates receptors Adora1a and Adora2a on endothelial cells, which normally supports healthy relationships between brain activity and blood flow.

 

Problems arise with chronic activation, particularly in the brain, which is what happens with obesity, Stranahan said in a statement. People who have obesity and diabetes have higher rates of cognitive impairment as they age and most of the related structural changes are in the hippocampus, a centre of learning and memory.Fat is a source of inflammation and there is evidence that reducing chronic inflammation in the brain helps prevent obesity-related memory loss.

For the study, young mice fed a high-fat diet got fat within two weeks, and by 16 weeks they had increases in fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, all signs that diabetes is in their future. In the minute vasculature of the hippocampus, the researchers saw that obesity first increased permeability of the blood brain barrier to tiny molecules like fluorophore sodium fluorescein, or NaFl. Diet-induced insulin resistance heightened that permeability so that a larger molecule, Evans Blue, which has a high affinity for serum albumin, the most abundant protein in blood, also could get through.

When they looked with electron microscopy, they saw a changed landscape. Resulting diabetes promoted shrinkage of the usually tight junctions between endothelial cells and actual holes in those cells. When they gave a drug to temporarily block Adora2a, it also blocked problems with barrier permeability. Whether that could work in humans and long term as a way to avoid cognitive decline in obese humans, remains to be seen, Stranahan said.

Continue Reading

Health

‘Love hormone’ may help treat alcoholism, says study

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

A nasal spray of ‘love hormone’ oxytocin may help treat alcohol use disorder, according to a study conducted in mice.

Oxytocin plays a role in social bonding, sexual reproduction, childbirth, and the period after childbirth.

The study, published in the journal PLOS Biology, found that oxytocin blocks enhanced drinking in alcohol-dependent rats.

 

Targeting the oxytocin system may provide novel pharmaceutical interventions for the treatment of alcohol-use disorder, said researchers from the National Institutes of Health and The Scripps Research Institute in the US.

Administering oxytocin can decrease consumption, withdrawal symptoms, and drug-seeking behaviour associated with several drugs of abuse, researchers said in a statement.

This shows promise as a pharmacological approach to treat drug addiction, they said.

Researchers tested the hypothesis that oxytocin administration could normalise the maladaptive brain changes that occur in alcohol dependence and thereby reduce alcohol drinking in an established rat model of alcohol dependence.

They investigated oxytocin’s effects on dependence-induced alcohol consumption and altered signalling of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) – a key brain region in the network affected by alcohol dependence.

The experiments demonstrated that oxytocin administered systemically, intranasally or into the brain blocked excess drinking in alcohol-dependent but not in normal rats.

Moreover, oxytocin blocked GABA signalling in the CeA, researchers said.

Taken together, these results provide evidence that oxytocin likely blocks enhanced drinking by altering CeA GABA transmission.

These results provide evidence that aberrations in the oxytocin system may underlie alcohol use disorder, researchers said.

Targeting this system, possibly by intranasal administration, could prove a promising therapy in people who misuse alcohol, they said.

Continue Reading

Latest News

Latest News3 hours ago

3 killed, 11 injured as landslide hits mini-bus in JK’s Doda

Jammu, April 24: At least three persons were killed and 11 injured when a mini-bus came under a huge boulder...

Latest News4 hours ago

No one ready to take over JeM leadership in Kashmir: Army

Calling it a healthy sign, the Army on Wednesday said that there has been a decline in the recruitment of...

Latest News4 hours ago

Baramulla youth goes missing, family seeks help

Baramulla, April 24 : Family members of 18-year-old missing youth here have urged their son to return home and appealed...

Latest News4 hours ago

Man arrested for raping minor in Sopore

Sopore, April 24 : A 12-year-old girl (name with held) was allegedly raped by 40-year-old man in Mahrajpora area of...

Latest News5 hours ago

NIA summons Geelani’s grandson

Srinagar, Apr 24 : After summoning his two sons, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) has now summoned Hurriyat (G) chairman...

Latest News6 hours ago

Five held in separate cases of cattle smuggling in Jammu, 62 animals rescued

Jammu, Apr 24 Five persons were arrested on the charges of bovine smuggling and as many as 62 cattle rescued...

Latest News6 hours ago

‘Cannot stop Sadhvi Pragya Thakur from contesting polls, let EC decide’: NIA court

New Delhi Malegaon blasts accused and BJP candidate Sadhvi Pragya Thakur is contesting the elections from Bhopal Lok Sabha seat....

Latest News6 hours ago

VIDEO| LoC trade ban, Malik’s arrest: Mehbooba leads protest in Pulwama

Srinagar: PDP President Mehbooba Mufti Wednesday lead a protest march in Pulwama demanding immediate release of JKLF chief Yasin Malik...

Latest News7 hours ago

Delhi court sends Malik to judicial custody till May 24

A Delhi court Wednesday sent JKLF chief Yasin Malik, arrested in a case related to the funding of separatists and...

Latest News7 hours ago

BSF vehicle damaged, troops including an officer on board it escaped unhurt in Pattan

Srinagar, April 24: A vehicle of Border Security Force (BSF) was damaged partially in a road accident at Rjnji area...

Latest News8 hours ago

10 JK militants based in Pak involved in LoC trade: Officials

New Delhi: At least 10 militants, who had crossed over to Pakistan, set up businesses across the border with the...

Latest News8 hours ago

Sri Lankan government considering burqa ban

Colombo: In the aftermath of the worst terror attack in Sri Lanka, whose responsibility has been taken by the Islamic...

Latest News8 hours ago

SC Summons chiefs of CBI, IB, Delhi Police after lawyer submits ‘proof’ of conspiracy against CJI Gogoi

New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Wednesday summoned the chiefs of the Central Bureau of Investigation, Intelligence Bureau and the...

Latest News8 hours ago

Death toll from Sri Lanka bombing attacks rises to 359

Colombo, April 24: The death toll in Sri Lanka’s Easter Sunday bomb attacks has risen to 359, the police said...

Latest News8 hours ago

Supply of contaminated IV fluids: Div Com orders magisterial probe, vows strict action against culprits

Srinagar, April 24: Divisional administration Kashmir has ordered a magisterial inquiry into the supply of contaminated IV Fluids and injections...

Latest News8 hours ago

Tired of listening to PM Modi beat his own trumpet on Pakistan: Chidambaram

Senior Congress leader P Chidambaram on Wednesday said he was tired of listening to Prime Minister Narendra Modi “beat his own...

Subscribe to The Kashmir Monitor via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to The Kashmir Monitor and receive notifications of new stories by email.

Join 966,022 other subscribers

Archives

April 2019
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930  
Advertisement