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Are You Allergic To Pollens or Dust? You Might Have Allergic Rhinitis

The Kashmir Monitor

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Allergic rhinitis is allergy caused by pollen or dust in which mucous membranes of nose and eyes are inflamed that causes running nose and watery eyes. If you have allergic rhinitis, your immune system is influenced by a harmless substance as an intruder. This substance is known as allergen. The immune system responds to allergen by releasing histamine. This causes symptoms in nose, eyes, throat, ears, skin and to roof of the mouth. Those whose symptoms are due to pollen or dust develop symptoms during specific times of the year. Pollen is most common symptom of allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis is a type of allergy that affects most number of people. 10 to 30 percent of population in western countries are infected with allergic rhinitis in a year. People of ages 20 to 40 are mostly affected. You have an allergic rhinitis when your body overreacts to symptoms that don’t cause a problem to most people.
There are two types of allergic rhinitis
1. Seasonal or hay fever: An allergy caused by pollen or mold particles that are in air. Pollen is a fine powder that from the stamen of the flowering plants. It is carried in air and can easily inhaled. Symptoms of seasonal usually occur in spring or in late summer.
2. Perennial: An allergy caused by dust particles, pet hair or mold. Symptoms of perennial occur throughout the year.
Most common symptoms of allergic rhinitis are:
Sneezing
Coughing
A running nose
A rough nose
Watery eyes
Itchy eyes as well as nose
Headache
Dark circles under the eyes
Hives
Fatigue
Ear fullness
Sore throat
Swollen eyes
Allergic rhinitis can last for weeks. Itching in the eyes are the most common symptom of allergic rhinitis. Sneezing is most common in allergic rhinitis, you may serve sneeze attacks in symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis:
When you have an allergy, your body overreacts to thing, that don’t causes problems to most people. These things are called allergen. Your immune system releases some chemicals when your body is exposed to allergens. One of a type of chemical is called histamine that your immune system releases.
Allergen that causes hay fever rhinitis include:
Tree pollen: Allergy that occur in the spring like late in April and May. Grass and weed pollen: Allergy that occur in the summer like in May and mid-July. Ragweed pollen: Allergy that occur in the fall like in late August.
Allergen that causes perennial rhinitis include:
Mold: This allergy is common where water tends to collect. This allergy is worse in rainy season and humid. Animal dander: Proteins in furs, saliva and urine of furry animals are allergens. You are exposed to dander when playing or living with furry animals. Dust: Most allergens are in dust.
Risk factors of allergic rhinitis:
Allergies can affect anybody but you are most likely to develop allergic rhinitis or any other allergy if you have a history in family. Having asthma or a topic eczema can higher the risks of developing allergic rhinitis.
Some external factors that can worsen your case are:
Cigarette smoke Chemicals Cold temperatures Humidity Wind Air pollutionHairspray PerfumesWood smokes Fumes
Allergic rhinitis treatments
1. Antihistamines:
These can help in reducing the sneeze, runny nose and itchiness.
2. Cromolyn sodium:
It is a nasal spray that prevents your body from reactions of allergies.
3. Nasal steroid sprays:
It reduces the effect of allergens that react directly to nasal tissues. This helps in getting relief from swelling and it is the best treatment for allergic rhinitis at chronic level.
4. Eye drops:
It helps if you have watery eyes and itching in the eyes.
5. Allergy shots:
These are an options for people who have tried other treatments but none of them has worked. This helps in decreasing the sensitivity of your body to the allergens.
Home remedies for allergic rhinitis:
Home remedies generally depends upon allergens. If you have seasonal or pollen allergies, you can use air conditioners instead of open windows. Use dehumidifier filter can help in help on control allergies while indoor. Wash your bed sheets and blankets in hot water that is above 130 degree fahrenheit. Limiting carpets can really help you out from allergic rhinitis.
Complications of allergic rhinitis:
Inability of sleep at nightDevelopment or worsening of asthma Ear injection Sinus injection Absent mindHeadachesKids having allergic rhinitis
Children too develop allergic rhinitis. Nowadays, it is frequent also in kids it typically develops before age of 10. Your kid may have symptoms of allergic rhinitis if he/she develops sneezing habits at the same time each year, they probably have seasonal allergic rhinitis. The symptoms of allergic rhinitis are similar in kids that are of adults. Kids usually have watery eyes, bloodshot eyes and itchiness in allergic rhinitis. If your kid have shortness of breath additional to these symptoms, he/she may have developed asthma.


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Health

Balanced protein intake better for health

The Kashmir Monitor

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Researchers suggest that excessive consumption of protein for building muscle mass could have a negative impact on the body. However, wide-range of protein is best to maintain balance. Amino acids have long been touted by the fitness and bodybuilding communities for their muscle building benefits. From ultra-bulk protein powders to lean mass-promoting snack bars, there’s no shortage of products available for those seeking a muscle boost.

However, protein’s popularity has also meant that less attention has been paid to researching its potentially negative side-effects.

According to the study published in the Journal of Nature Metabolism, excessive consumption of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) may reduce lifespan, negatively impact mood and lead to weight gain.

 

BCAAs stands for branched-chain amino acids. It’s a group of three essential amino acids: leucine, isoleucine and valine, and are most commonly found in red meat and dairy.

BCAAs great for adding muscle mass, but science says you could pay for it later.

Researchers have investigated the complex role nutrition plays in mediating various aspects of metabolic health, reproduction, appetite and ageing.

“While diets high in protein and low in carbohydrates were shown to be beneficial for reproductive function, they had detrimental effects for health in mid-late life, and also led to a shortened lifespan,” one of the researchers, Dr Samantha Solon explained.

“What this new research has shown is that amino acid balance is important. It’s best to vary sources of protein to ensure you’re getting the best amino acid balance.”

The current research examined the impacts that dietary BCAAs and other essential amino acids such as tryptophan had on the health and body composition of mice.

“Supplementation of BCAAs resulted in high levels of BCAAs in the blood which competed with tryptophan for transport into the brain,” explained one of the researchers, Professor Stephen Simpson.

“Tryptophan is the sole precursor for the hormone serotonin, which is often called the ‘happiness chemical’ for its mood-enhancing effects and its role in promoting sleep. But serotonin does more than this, and therein lay the problem,” he added.

Dietitian and public health nutritionist Dr Rosilene Ribeiro recommend eating a wide range of proteins.

It’s important to vary protein sources in order to get a variety of essential amino acids, through a healthy and balanced diet rich in fibre, vitamins and minerals.

BCAAs are essential amino acids present in protein-containing foods, with red meat and dairy being the richest sources. Chicken, fish and eggs are also nutritious sources of BCAAs.

Vegetarians can find BCAAs in beans, lentils, nuts and soy proteins.

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Health

Know the severity of falling sick in the morning

The Kashmir Monitor

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While sickness comes irrespective of the time, the severity of afflictions ranging from allergies to heart attacks differs in the morning from that in the night highlighted a new study. The study was published in the Journal Trends in Immunology which compiled studies, predominantly in mice, that looked at the connection between circadian rhythms and immune responses.

The body reacts to cues such as light and hormones to anticipate recurring rhythms of sleep, metabolism, and other physiological processes. The numbers of white blood cells, in both humans and mice also oscillate in a circadian manner.

Taking into account the above-mentioned facts, researchers in the study found that:

 

Heart attacks in humans are known to strike most commonly in the morning, and research suggests that morning heart attacks tend to be more severe than at night.

In mice, the numbers of monocytes, a type of white blood cell that fights off bacteria, viruses, and fungi –are elevated in the blood during the day. At night, monocytes are elevated in infarcted heart tissue, resulting in decreased cardiac protection at that time of day relative to morning.

Parasite infections are time-of-day dependent. Mice infected with the gastrointestinal parasite Trichuris muris in the morning have been able to kill worms significantly faster than those infected in the evening.

Allergic symptoms follow a time-of-day dependent rhythmicity, generally worse between midnight and early morning. Hence, the molecular clock can physiologically drive innate immune cell recruitment and the outcomes of asthma in humans, or airway inflammation in mice, the review notes.

“Investigating circadian rhythms in innate and adaptive immunity is a great tool to generally understand the physiological interplay and time-dependent succession of events in generating immune responses,” said senior author Christoph Scheiermann, University of Geneva.

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Health

ICMR develops affordable quick test kits for diagnosing genetic bleeding disorders

The Kashmir Monitor

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The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has developed a cost-effective and rapid point-of-care test kit for diagnosing genetic bleeding disorders such as haemophilia A and Von Willebrand disease (VWD).

Diagnostics which are currently available require special equipment and are expensive.

“Both Haemophilia A and VWD are under diagnosed disorders in our country. There are only handful of comprehensive diagnostic centres for bleeding disorders,” an official at ICMR said.

 

“Lack of awareness and diagnostic facilities, high cost of tests are some of the factors for under-diagnosis of bleeding disorders in our country,” he said.

According to the ICMR, the kit is the world’s first point-of-care test for specific diagnosis of any common bleeding disorder and costs less than Rs 50 in comparison to existing conventional test that cost around Rs 4,000 to Rs 10,000.

The newly developed kit would help in diagnosis within 30 minutes of blood sample collection. Also, this will be available at any level of health care system including primary health care centres (PHCs) since it does not require any special expertise or infrastructure.

Worldwide, incidence of Haemophilia A is 1 per 10,000 male births and that of VWD is around 1 per cent of the general population.

“In India, there is no epidemiological data. We may have roughly 80,000-1,00,000 severe Haemophilia cases in our country, but the total number registered with Haemophilia Federation India (HFI) is only around 19,000,” the official said.

Patients with severe Haemophilia A or VWD can have life threatening spontaneous or post-traumatic bleeding like brain haemorrhage and gastrointestinal bleeding. In emergency medical setting, it is important to have a quick diagnosis of bleeding disorders for treatment.

This rapid test kit can be used for the diagnosis of menorrhagia cases/ post-partum haemorrhage (PPH), gynecological complications among others.

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