Unexplained weight loss or losing without making an effort can be a cause of concern as it might be occurring because of an underlying health condition. A life-changing stressful event can also lead to weight loss. So not all unexplained weight loss is as serious. Loss of muscle, overactive thyroid and a mental health condition like depression can also be the reason behind unexplained weight loss. Losing more than 5% of your weight within a period of 1 year without making an effort should be checked with your doctor. Read below to know the common reasons which can be causing unexplained weight loss.
Top 5 reasons for unexplained weight loss
An overactive thyroid causes hyperthyroidism. This is a condition which occurs as a result of thyroid gland making too much thyroid hormone. An overactive thyroid gland will make a person burn calories despite having a good appetite. This will cause unexplained weight loss along with other symptoms such as intolerance to heat, fatigue, irregular heart rate, trouble in sleeping and light periods in women. Hyperthyroidism can be caused because of eating too much iodine or taking too much of thyroid medicine. Treatment of hyperthyroidism is dependent on how severe it is and also the age of the affected person. While adopting a healthy lifestyle is the natural and most effective way of treating hyperthyroidism, anti-thyroid medications can also be helpful. More severe cases might have to resort to radioactive iodine or surgery.
2. Loss of muscle
Yes, losing muscle can also be the reason for unexplained weight loss. Muscle loss is also termed as muscle wasting. Weakness in muscle is one of the major reasons for muscle loss. Muscles loss may even result in one of your limbs looking smaller than other. Muscle loss occurs because non-usage of muscles of muscles for a long time and lack of exercise. People in desk jobs or those who are bedridden are also at risk of muscle loss. Also, nerve damage, osteoporosis, stroke, injuries, burns, ageing and rheumatoid arthritis can lead to unexplained weight loss because of loss of muscle. It is with the help of proper exercise and nutrition that you can gain muscles.
Depression is a mental health condition which affects some parts of the brain which control appetite. It leaves a person having poor appetite and leads to unexplained weight loss. However, in some cases, depression may increase appetite and result in unexplained weight gain. Other symptoms of depression include loss of interest in hobbies, reduced energy, and poor levels of concentration. A depressed person remains sad for weeks at a go and either sleeps too much or sleeps too less. A person in depression may also experience thoughts of death or suicide. Treatment of depression is widely dependent on the people who are living with a depressed person. It is them who can help a person in depression come out of it by encouraging him/her to do stress-reducing activities and other things of choice. Antidepressants, psychotherapy and behavioural therapy are other ways to keep depression under control.
Type 1 diabetes can also be the reason behind unexplained weight loss. In this condition, immune system attacks cells which make insulin in the pancreas. Without insulin production, your body cannot use glucose for energy. Your body doesn’t use glucose for energy without insulin. This results in high blood glucose. Unused glucose is removed by kidneys through urine. Calories are eliminated from the body along with sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes may also cause other symptoms like blurry vision, excessive hunger and thirst. People will also experience frequent urination, fatigue, dehydration and excessive hunger. People with type 1 diabetes need to ensure that they maintain a healthy weight along with regularly monitoring their blood glucose levels.
5. Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease which attacks your immune system and the lining of joints, thus leading to inflammation. Chronic inflammation can speed up your metabolism and result in overall weight loss. Other common symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include pain and swelling in joints. It causes joints to feel stiff in case you don’t move for an hour or more. Obesity, smoking or second-hand smoking, hormonal changes, genes and age are all causes of rheumatoid arthritis. Exercising and medications can help in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
4 Simple Tips To Achieve Your Weight Loss Goals And A Healthy Living
Health is wealth! But in the today’s world where everyone is so occupied with work do we actually pay attention to our lifestyle. Well! Not really. After all, what does it actually take to lead a healthy lifestyle? A healthy lifestyle is extremely important as it helps to improve your health and well-being. There are a lot many different things that you can do to live a healthy lifestyle. These include eating healthy and nutritious foods, being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, adequate sleep and managing your stress. A healthy lifestyle is not just about eating wholesome meals and regular physical exercise. There is much more to that. It is also about your physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being. Health expert Luke Coutinho in his recent Instagram post talks about keeping life simple and healthy.
Top 4 simple and effective tips for better overall health:
1. Clean balanced meals
Eating balanced and healthy meals is extremely essential for a healthy lifestyle. Your meals should include healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds, dairy products, whole grains, healthy fats, and omega-3 fatty acids. Also, you should avoid unhealthy foods like red and processed meats, high-calorie foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, trans fat, and excessive sodium. A healthy diet will be beneficial for your overall health and keep you away from chronic diseases.
2. Some movement
Movement is a key to a healthy life. Some sort of physical activity is very necessary. Not just few times a week but everyday. Exercising daily can boost your overall health in many ways. It can help increase your life span, lower the risk of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure, help you develop strong bones, and manage your weight. For this, you can simply especially for close distances, choose walking or cycling over driving or taking transportation. You can climb the stairs instead of taking the elevator. You can pick up simple exercises that are easy to do at home or outside that you enjoy. For instance, Zumba, aerobics, running, swimming or may be playing your favourite sport.
3. Adequate sleep
You might ignore this one but sleep is very important. It helps your body to heal and rest, so you must not ignore on your sleep. Lack of sleep may lead to poor health outcomes like obesity, diabetes, and even certain heart diseases. Continued lack of sleep can lead to a weak immune system and make you more prone to cold and the flu.
You can do some simple things to ensure that you sleep better at night. You can avoid caffeine and nicotine close to bedtime. Also, avoid eating heavy meals before bedtime. Physical exercise can also help you sleep better at night. But avoid strenuous workouts close to bedtime.
Though it is difficult to avoid stress in today’s world. But simple measures can always be taken to reduce stress. As stress again could lead to high blood sugar levels, hypertension and can even affect your heart. So practice some deep breathing exercises, meditation and yoga to manage stress. Also, try reaching out to friends, family and relatives quite often. This will help you remain positive and happy all the time.
Facing Digestion Issues? This Quick After-Meal Mix Can Help You!
Has it been long since digestive issues have been interfering with your health? Poor digestion is undoubtedly a sign of poor health and there is something that you must do about it . We have previously spoken about different kinds of foods that can help improve digestion. In this article, we will talk about an after-meal digestive mix suggested by lifestyle coach Luke Coutinho. This digestive mix consists of simple ingredients which can be easily found in Indian households. This after-meal digestive needs 5 ingredients, namely fennel seeds, sesame seeds, chopped almonds, flax, and ajwain. All these foods are popular for their benefits on digestive health.
Here are some benefits of Luke Coutinho’s after-meal digestive mix:
1. Fennel seeds: Fennel seeds are commonly consumed after meals. Many restaurants provide fennel seeds after food. Fennel seeds are highly popular for their digestive benefits. They can also help in getting relief from flatulence, painful periods, boosting metabolism, regulating blood sugar and improving hydration.
2. Sesame seeds: Dietary fibre in sesame seeds help in improving digestion. They provide your body with the required fibre which is needed for improving digestion. Fibre helps in improving gut bacteria. 100 gm of sesame seeds contain around 12 g of fibre. This amount, when combined with other fibre-rich foods, can restore digestive system in the body.
3. Almonds: Almonds too are rich in fibre. When consumed in the appropriate quantities, almonds can help in improving digestive health. Almonds can provide beneficial gut bacteria. Vitamin -E rich almonds are great for heart health and eye health.
4. Flax: Flax seeds are loaded with nutrients like protein, carbs, fibre, omega-3 fatty acids, B-vitamins and much more. Content of dietary fibre in flax seeds can be beneficial for your digestive health. Including flax seeds in your diet can assure regular bowel movements.
5. Ajwain: Chewing ajwain or carom seeds can help in easing gas and flatulence. Carom seeds are full of thymol which helps in secreting gastric juices that aid digestion. For years, ajwain has been used a home remedy for curing indigestion. You can consume it in small quantities as it tastes slightly spicy.
For preparing Luke Coutinho’s after-meal digestive mix, you simply need to mix all of the above ingredients in a glass jar. A teaspoon of this mix after your meals every day can bring significant improvement to your digestion.
(Luke Coutinho, Holistic Lifestyle Coach – Integrative Medicine)
Know how to counter ill effects of long-time sitting
These are the findings of a recent study which appear in the American Journal of Epidemiology. The results highlight the importance of movement — regardless of its intensity or amount of time spent moving — for better health.
“Our findings underscore an important public health message that physical activity of any intensity provides health benefits,” said lead author Keith Diaz of Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.
About one in four adults spends more than eight hours a day sitting, according to a recent study.
In a previous paper, Diaz and his team discovered that adults who sat for long stretches at a time — an hour or more without interruption — had a greater risk of early death than those who were sedentary for the same total amount of time but got up and moved around more often.
They also found that people who sat for less than 30 minutes at a time had the lowest risk of early death, suggesting that taking movement breaks every half-hour could lower your risk of death.
But just how intense, and for how long, does the physical activity need to be to counter the ill effects of sitting?
The study found that replacing just 30 minutes of sitting with low-intensity physical activity would lower the risk of early death by 17 per cent, a statistically significant decrease. Swapping the same amount of sitting for moderate to vigorous activity would be twice as effective, cutting the risk of early death by 35 per cent. The researchers also found that short bursts of activity — of just a minute or two — provided a health benefit.
“If you have a job or lifestyle that involves a lot of sitting, you can lower your risk of early death by moving more often, for as long as you want and as your ability allows — whether that means taking an hour-long high-intensity spin class or choosing lower-intensity activities, like walking,” Diaz said.