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Too Much Good Cholesterol Not Good For Health: What Is The Desirable Cholesterol Level?

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There are two kinds of cholesterol: High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) and Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL). The former is considered to be good cholesterol and the latter is considered to be bad cholesterol. When someone is said to have “high cholesterol levels”, it is usually referred to high levels of LDL cholesterol in the body. Presence of HDL cholesterol in the body is considered to be healthy and helps in preventing heart disease. However, researchers are now saying that extremely high levels of HDL or good cholesterol might not be that good for the body. LDL cholesterol is considered to be bad because it has the capability of causing atherosclerosis. This is a condition which results in build-up of plaque in arteries. Plaque narrows arteries and increases risks of heart attack and stroke. Atherosclerosis can also narrow arteries in legs – a condition known as peripheral artery disease.
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Extremely high levels of good cholesterol in the body can increase heart disease risks
HDL cholesterol takes LDL cholesterol away from the arteries and moves it to the liver – where it is broken down and passed from the body. Cholesterol is a precursor to steroid hormones – which perform the function of regulating body functions and bile acids. Both these functions are important for normal digestion and regulation for many cell activities.
Why excess of good cholesterol is harmful
According to the study, which was presented at the annual conference of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC Congress 2018) in Munich, Germany, people with higher than normal levels of HDL cholesterol are at risks of cardiovascular disease.
Participants of the study, who had HDL cholesterol levels above 60 mg/dl were found to be at 50% increased risk of dying from cardiovascular disease or heart attack, as compared to people whose HDL cholesterol levels were in the range of 40 to 69 mg/dl.
Average age of participants was 63. Association of high levels of HDL cholesterol was found to be more frequent among women.
The study is also indicative of the fact that it may now be time to look at cholesterol in a different way.
Following is a list of foods which can help in regulating cholesterol levels in the body:
1. Fresh fruits
2. Vegetables
3. Whole grains
4. Legumes
5. Olive oil
6. Avocado
7. Nuts
8. Oats
9. Barely
10. Beans
11. Soy
12. Fatty fish
Apart from including these foods in your diet, working maintaining a healthy weight and quitting smoking can help in regulating cholesterol levels in the body.


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Health

How eating veggies, fish can keep your heart healthy, lower heart disease risk

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Your diet should be high in fresh vegetables, fish, and seafood in order to keep your heart at its healthiest.

If you are suffering from high blood pressure, consuming fish, seafood and a primarily vegetarian diet may help reduce hypertension-related heart disease symptoms, a study suggests.

Intake of fish, seafood and vegetarian food increases levels of a compound called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), known to boost heart health, said researchers from the Medical University of Warsaw in Poland. The study showed that low-dose treatment with TMAO reduced heart thickening (cardiac fibrosis) and markers of heart failure in an animal model of hypertension. “Our study provides new evidence for a potential beneficial effect of a moderate increase in plasma TMAO on pressure-overloaded heart,” the researchers said.

For the study, published in the American Journal of Physiology – Heart and Circulatory Physiology, researchers analysed the effect of TMAO on rats, which have a genetic tendency to develop high blood pressure. One group of hypertensive rats were given low-dose TMAO supplements in their drinking water, and another group received plain water. They were given the TMAO therapy for either 12 weeks or 56 weeks and were assessed for heart and kidney damage as well as high blood pressure.

It seems that a fish-rich and vegetarian diet, is associated with a significantly higher plasma TMAO (trimethylamine N-oxide) than red meat-and egg-rich diets, considered to increase the cardiovascular risk.

The results showed that TMAO treatment did not affect the development of high blood pressure in any of the spontaneously hypertensive rats. However, condition of the animals given the compound was better than expected, even after more than a year of low-dose TMAO treatment. In addition, four- to five-fold increase in plasma TMAO does not exert negative effects on the circulatory system. This is in contrast to the previous research that showed TMAO blood plasma levels — and heart disease risk — rise after the consumption of red meat and eggs, the researchers said.

“It seems that a fish-rich and vegetarian diet, is associated with a significantly higher plasma TMAO than red meat-and egg-rich diets, considered to increase the cardiovascular risk,” the researchers noted.

“However, further study is needed to assess the effect of TMAO and TMA on the circulatory system.”

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Health

5 skin care rules for men this winter

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Men nowadays have become equally conscious and cognisant of their skin. However, it is important to take steps wisely. Karan Gupta, Director and Men’s Grooming Expert of Qraa Men, and Dilip Kundlia, Director and Skin Care Expert at Oshea Herbals, have shared tips for men to look prim and proper in winter.

* Never step out of your house before applying sunscreen on your skin. Sunscreen is an essential product and something most men often tend to ignore and neglect.

Therefore, men must incorporate sunscreens that have high moisture content in them to have dual benefits on their skin.

* Men are usually very protective and insecure about their beard and take exceptional care of it. The beard of a man enhances his mystique thereby making him look more attractive and charismatic. Beard vitalizers, beard conditioning spa and beard oils shall be their saviour this winter.

* It is time to get into some serious skin care business and indulge in some charcoal face washes, scrubs and face packs. The presence of activated charcoal sucks out the impurities and detoxifies the skin while soothing it.

* For your skin to be smooth and supple throughout the winters, go in for handmade cleansing bars which are rich in shea butter, neem extracts, blackberry extracts, charcoal and papaya. These handmade bars reinstate the natural moisture content in the skin.

* For healthy skin, it is important to give up on all the bad habits like drinking and smoking. Such habits have a direct impression and control over looks of a person. Instead, start drinking more water to stay hydrated.

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Health

Social jet lag and it’s dangerous consequences

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Results show that Social Jet lag which occurs when you go to bed and wake up later on weekends than during the week, is associated with poorer health worse mood and increased sleepiness and fatigue. Each hour of Social Jet Lag also is associated with an 11 percent increase in the likelihood of heart disease. These effects are independent of sleep duration and insomnia symptoms, which are related to both Social Jet Lag and health.

We know that sleep deprivation has consequences such as poorer performance and furthermore we know that chronic Social Jet Lag leads to unhealthy patterns of Nicotine, Caffeine, and alcohol consumption and to an increased BMI.

In this project we are seeking to understand how can we adjust the biological clock do that it is closer to the Social one. If we push the internal clock to an earlier time then the mismatch will be less. Leading to less sleep deprivation. We are implementing new devices of data collection and are using light and the timing of light exposures as our main tools for shifting internal time.

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