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Smoking doubles the chance of losing your eyesight, eye experts warn

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Most people are aware of the effects smoking can have on the lungs and heart, but did you know it can also seriously damage your eyes?

On the occasion of No Smoking Day (Second Wednesday in March), eye experts at UK Optical Express are warning on the shocking effects smoking can have on your eyesight, express.co.uk wrote.

Smoking is one of the biggest causes of death and illness in the UK, according to the NHS. Every year around 78,000 people in the UK die from smoking, with many more living with debilitating smoking-related illnesses. Smoking is the single biggest cause of lung cancer and can also cause a number of other cancers and lung-related conditions. It also damages the heart, increasing the risk of getting heart disease and having a heart attack or stroke.

 

But on top of this, people who smoke are twice more likely to lose their vision than non-smokers, warned eye care specialist Optical Express.

Smoke contains over 7,000 dangerous chemicals which, according to the eye expert, can cause uveitis — a painful condition that causes inflammation of the middle layer of the eye.

If left untreated, uveitis can progress into more serious conditions like cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma and ultimately blindness.

“Smoking can cause dry eyes because the tobacco and noxious particles from a cigarette irritate the protective film of the eye known as the conjunctiva,” said Stephen Hannan, clinical services director at Optical Express.

“As more and more destructive particles are let in, smokers are three times more likely to be diagnosed with cataracts.”

Cataracts cause the eyes’ crystalline lens to become cloudy, which in turn causes reduced vision.

“The harmful metals found in cigarettes not only damage the front of the eye but can severely affect the blood vessels that supply much-needed nutrients to the eye,” warned Hannan.

This is because nicotine and carbon monoxide interfere with the blood vessels, accelerating a condition called atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis causes plaque to build up in the blood vessels, preventing them from being able to supply adequate blood to the body’s organs.

If this happens in the eyes, it can lead to a change in eyesight.


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Health

Protein Requirement For The 40 Plus: What You Should Know

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As men and women age, there are changes that occur at a hormonal level. For men, after the age of 30, the levels of free testosterone in the blood start dipping. With a reduction in testosterone levels, muscle mass retention and general muscle tone also start reducing. The same occurs with perimenopausal women, who tend to experience loss of muscle. Hence, physical training and consuming sufficient protein becomes the way to go. Protein is a nutrient which is widely popular for its weight loss and muscle mass building properties. It helps in preventing any drop in metabolic rate and maintains bone health.

In this article, we talk about the need of sufficient protein at the age 40, in how much quantity should people of this age consume protein and how it helps them age in a healthy manner. Following are some common queries answered by Dr. Siddhant Bhargava

Protein requirement for the 40 plus: what you should know

 
  1. How much protein is needed on a daily basis for 40 plus people and why?

At least 1-1.2 g protein per kg of body weight is needed on a daily basis by people above 40. The Recommended Dietary Allowance is 0.9-1.1 g / kg body weight. We are aping it up a bit to compensate for the reasons stated above.

  1. What are the foods that 40 plus people must include in their diet?

Non-vegetarians can keep it simple and just include at least 2 servings (2 meals a day) of non-veg food in their day. Meats, fish and eggs are the best source of protein for 40 plus people who are non-vegetarians.

For an eggetarian, a combination of whole eggs and egg whites should be used for adding protein. Vegetarians can include soya products like tofu, tempeh, dairy products and lentils in their diet to increase intake of proteins. Seeds also act as great protein sources coupled with a large fat component.

  1. What should 40 plus people do weight loss?

The universal truth is calories in vs calories out. If you are burning more calories than you are consuming, you will start losing weight. But you should do this in the right manner. In order to lose fat and not muscle, you need to follow a particular protocol.

If you want to lose weight at 40 plus, you need to consume sufficient amount of protein, which is 1-1.2 g / kg body weight. Do resistance training including exercises like Pilates, weight training and functional training. Consume moderate amount of fat and carbohydrates, and maintaining a calorie deficit at all times is the best way of losing body weight or more rightly, body fat.

Some lifestyle tips for 40 plus

  1. Consume enough protein to prevent loss of muscle.
  2. Consume enough fat and especially fat sources rich in omega. This will help you follow portion control and improve satiety. Including good fats in your diet also helps in keeping your skin soft and moisturised. Omega 3 fatty acids are a must for 40 plus people. It is a potent anti-inflammatory fat that can help prevent degenerative conditions like diabetes, Parkinson’s and most importantly ageing.
  3. Consume enough anti-oxidants. Astaxanthin, CO Q10, curcumin, Vitamin A, C and E are important for the 40 plus. Antioxidants prevent free radical damage in the body and ultimately prevent ageing.

(Dr. Siddhant Bhargava is Co-Founder, Fitness and Nutritional Scientist – Food Darzee)

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Health

Home Remedies to Try for Sciatica Pain

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Sciatica pain occurs when the sciatic nerve becomes compressed. Usually, the treatment revolves around stretching, but if it doesn’t go away, other treatments may be recommended such as physical therapy, injecting steroids, and even surgery to help alleviate the problem. Normally, doctors will advise that you wait at least two weeks to see if the pain will go away, which usually does, but if it doesn’t, having it checked is the best course to take.

With that being said, it is possible for you to manage your sciatica pain using natural remedies. Here are a few that you should try out if you are experiencing pain in your sciatic nerve.

Warm compress

 

One of the easiest remedies that you can use to reduce the pain in your sciatic nerve is to apply warm or cold compress on the affected area. The cold or warm temperature helps relax the muscles and the nerves to relieve you from the pain.

Massage

Another natural remedy to help ease the pain on your sciatic nerve is to give it a massage. Use some St. John’s Wort essential oil on the affected area then massage it gently. This will help alleviate the problem because the essential oil has anti-inflammatory properties that can lessen sciatic nerve pain.

Stretching exercises

There are certain stretches that are designed to open up your hips and legs, especially your hamstrings, which are the muscles located at the back of the thighs to strengthen the muscles there. You can discuss this with your therapist on how best to stretch the muscles to reduce the pain that you are feeling.

Turmeric

Another possible treatment that can help you deal with sciatic nerve pain is turmeric. All that you have to do is to add a teaspoon of turmeric to a cup of milk and even add a stick of cinnamon to it too. Boil the ingredients. Add some honey to the drink to sweeten it then drink it at least once in a day. Turmeric is known for its ability to reduce inflammation which can help reduce the pain that you are feeling because of your compressed sciatic nerve.

Sciatica pain can be debilitating at times, making it difficult for you to move around. These natural remedies may help you regain control over your muscles so that you will be able to function normally once more.

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Second-hand smoking dangerous: study

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A recent study has discovered a link between second-hand smoking and development of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

The study, published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, found out that exposure to second-hand smoking increases the risk of various diseases and the researchers investigated the link between exposure to second-hand smoking and CKD.

The study included 131,196 never-smokers who participated in the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study from 2001 to 2014. Participants were classified into 3 groups based on the frequency of second-hand smoke exposure as assessed with survey questionnaires: no-exposure, less than 3 days per week of exposure, and 3 or more days per week of exposure. Advertise With Us Participants with less than three days per week and those with three or more days per week of exposure had 1.48-times and 1.44-times higher odds of having CKD when compared with participants with no second-hand cigarette exposure

 

“Second-hand smoke exposure at home or in the workplace is still prevalent despite legislative actions prohibiting public smoking. This exposure was found to be clearly related with CKD, even with less-frequent amounts of second-hand smoke exposure,” said Jung Tak Park, the lead researcher.

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