Rheumatoid arthritis or RA is an autoimmune disease wherein the body’s immune system attacks the joints. The condition may be acute in nature, but it may also be long-term in other people.
In normal physiology, the immune system protects the body’s cells and tissues by attacking foreign bodies, such as debris and microorganisms. According to Arthritis Foundation, the exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains idiopathic or unknown; however, the abnormal response of the immune system has a pivotal role. The autoimmune attacks, which lead to the inflammation and joint damage, are also associated with both genetic and environmental factors. As per the publication, studies have demonstrated that people with the genetic marker called the HLA, which controls the immune response, have increased risk of having rheumatoid arthritis. Four other genes linked to rheumatoid arthritis include PTPN22, which is linked to the development of the condition; TRAF1 and C5, which are related to chronic inflammation; and STAT4, which is pivotal in the regulation and activation of the immune system.
Rheumatoid arthritis has had its numbers in history. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, the condition affected around 1.5 million of United States adults aged 18 years old and above in 2005 and its prevalence is claimed to have a range of 0.4 to 1.3 percent on a global scale. Also, women have two to three times higher risk of having the disease than in men and its onset peaks when they reach 60s. As per a Canadian study, it was found that the prevalence of the medical condition among men and women increased from 1996 to 2010; according to the publication, the increase was linked on risk factor changes and early diagnosis and treatment.
Signs and Symptoms
Rheumatoid arthritis presents a number of signs and symptoms. According to Medicine Net, these include fatigue, joint tenderness, joint pain, joint redness, joint swelling, joint stiffness, loss of join range of motion, joint warmth, joint deformity, limping, anemia, loss of joint function, and fever.
While medical management through pain and anti-inflammatory medications is available to counter rheumatoid arthritis, the following home remedies can also be used.
Turmeric and Ginger Tea
Turmeric and ginger tea are two among the known remedies for rheumatoid arthritis. According to Everyday Roots, both have anti-inflammatory properties, which enable them to treat rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Turmeric has curcumin, a potent antioxidant that is capable of reducing the levels of enzymes that contribute to the development of the inflammation. As per the publication, the ingredients include two cups of water, half teaspoon of ground turmeric, half teaspoon of ground ginger, and honey to taste. To prepare, two cups of water are brought to a boil. Next, half teaspoon each of the ground turmeric and ground ginger are added. The preparation is reduced to a simmer and is allowed to stay for 10 to 15 minutes. Finally, they are strained and honey is added. The preparation produces two servings.
Tea is one of the common beverages most people consume, aside from water, coffee, milk, and juice. According to rheumatologist Dr. Beth Jonas, as cited by Everyday Health, green tea contains polyphenols, which help reduce inflammation and protect joints. Polyphenols are also antioxidant-rich, which means they are capable of reducing the abnormal autoimmune response of the body’s immune system to the joints.
Doing exercises also serves as a remedy for rheumatoid arthritis. According to Health Line, exercise fights fatigue while boosting muscle strength and joint range of motion. As per the publication, the exercises that a person with rheumatoid arthritis can do include gentle stretching, swimming, walking, and water aerobics.
Overall, rheumatoid arthritis may not be as severe as cancer; however, the pain it gives to a person removes the person’s comfort and interferes with his activities of daily living. Thus, medical management and the above home remedies are considerations in responding to the condition.
6 Warning Signs of Protein Deficiency
The list containing all the roles and functions of protein can be a really long one. This nutrient is necessary for building and repairing muscles and other tissues in the body such as the blood, cartilages, bones and skin. It is also important for the production of hormones or chemicals that regulate an assortment of bodily processes. Without sufficient amounts of protein in the diet or even in supplement form, it can be hard for anyone to attain optimal health.
It doesn’t come as a surprise why a lot of vegans, weight-watchers and others who are on restrictive diets to suffer from the various symptoms of protein deficiency.
By consuming foods that contain little or no protein, the body has no choice but to utilize protein that’s already in it, causing wasting of the tissues where protein is stored, such as in the muscles.
These are some of the warning signs you will observe if you are suffering from protein deficiency:
This is not caused by excess fat as you might suspect, but by the inflammation of the salivary glands. This condition usually takes place if there’s an ongoing protein-carbohydrate imbalance within you.
Edema is the reason for this, a condition wherein excessive fluid collect in the tissues. This happens because protein is one of the various components that factor in your body’s fluid balance.
Again, this has something to do with the pooling of water in the tissues, known in the medical world as edema. There’s an assortment of health conditions that lead to edema, and one of them is protein deficiency.
This condition may be brought about by a handful of things. One of them is not having enough protein in the diet. This doesn’t really come as a surprise as your hair is mostly made up of protein.
Excessive skin dryness
Not getting enough protein can cause the skin to end up really dry and flaky, and even develop rashes. Protein deficiency makes you more prone to getting sunburned too.
Lethargy or brain fog
Your energy and cognitive functioning are also affected when protein deficiency strikes. As mentioned earlier, protein is vital for the normal production of hormones. Some of these hormones have something to do with stress, energy production and mental alertness.
To avoid these problems, it’s important to get sufficient amounts of protein daily. There is a simple formula for calculating how much protein you need to consume everyday: your weight in pounds / 2 = daily protein requirement in grams.
Common protein form linked to cardiac, metabolic diseases: Study
A form of protein, clusterin, has been associated with many different facets of cardiometabolic syndrome risk through its actions in the liver, suggests a new research study.
In addition, it is linked to increased cardiovascular disease risk and mortality, high blood pressure, harmful cholesterol levels and fatty liver disease.
Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) is a cluster of conditions that increase a person’s risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. These conditions include high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
“Our goal was to discover new factors produced by the cells in fat tissue that have an impact on cardiometabolic disease.
In particular, we wanted to identify those important to maintaining the framework of fat tissue, called the extracellular matrix, which becomes dysfunctional in obesity,” said David Bradley, Assistant Professor at The Ohio State University in the US.For the study, the team included a small group of 54 obese and 18 lean patients.
The findings, published in the journal, Diabetes Care, showed that clusterin, which is overproduced from the fat cells of obese patients, is strongly related to insulin resistance, said the study.
Insulin resistance is a major cause of Type-2 Diabetes, and patients with obesity commonly have both metabolic and cardiovascular complications. “Fat cells increase clusterin production as they enlarge in obesity.
Clusterin may be a biomarker of disease, as well as a therapeutic target to potentially prevent this disease,” said lead researcher Willa Hsueh, Professor at the varsity. “This collaborative research is shedding new light on the importance of clusterin on ‘cardiometabolic syndrome’, which may eventually lead to developing new treatments for this life-threatening combination of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity,” said K. Craig Kent, dean at the varsity.
CMS, which affects about 25 per cent of the world’s population, is now recognised as a disease entity by the World Health Organization and the American Society of Endocrinology. Further translational research involving mouse models is needed to learn more about how clusterin impacts each of the CMS components and whether administrating clusterin-inhibiting antibodies inhibits CMS, the study noted.
Drinking orange juice daily may keep strokes at bay
Drinking orange juice daily may cut your risk of deadly strokes by almost a quarter, suggests a study. The study, published in the British Journal of Nutrition, showed that people who consumed the juice each day saw a reduction in the risk of a brain clot by 24 per cent, the Daily Mail reported.
Further, the rates of heart disease were also reduced in regular drinkers, who were 12 to 13 per cent less likely to suffer with damaged arteries.Fresh fruit juices have long been thought of as healthy.
But consumers in recent years have been put off by warnings over their high sugar content.Advertise With Us The researchers noted that the health benefits in terms of stroke prevention could outweigh the risks from sugar content. “We found a favourable association with pure fruit juice consumption,” said researchers from the Netherlands National Institute for Public Health.
It’s not just orange juice that has this benefit, other fruit juices also appear to cut the risk, they noted. Juice is thought to contain many of the naturally-occurring plant substances found in whole fruit that can protect blood vessels against disease. However, the team said despite the obvious benefits of juice, they would still recommend eating whole fruit as well, as there are more studies confirming its benefits. For the study, the team examined nearly 35,000 men and women aged between 20 and 70 years.