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Nosebleed: Why It Happens And How To Stop It

The Kashmir Monitor




Nosebleed is medically known as Epistaxis. Nosebleeds can appear to be terrifying and scary, but nothing to worry about, as they rarely indicate any serious health problems/issues and can be safely treated at home. Nosebleeds can happen to anyone: children, pregnant women or elderly people. During nosebleed, blood flows from either one or both nostrils but it does not last any longer than a few minutes. Our nose consists small and delicate blood vessels which may bleed on any damage. Generally, nosebleeds are not serious, but frequent and heavy nose bleeds may indicate some serious health issues like high blood pressure or a blood clotting disorder or anaemia.

Read below to know some common causes, symptoms and treatment for nosebleeds.

Nosebleed can majorly be of two kinds:


Anterior nosebleed: It is a condition in which the blood flows down from the front part of the nose. It is very common and can happen to anyone and may not lead to any serious health issues. Such nosebleeds can be cured at home safely.

Posterior nosebleed: It is a condition in which the blood flows down from the back part of your nose and may further flow down to your throat. This is a rare condition and may indicate a serious health problem. This needs to be treated immediately by a doctor and should not be treated at home.

Causes of nosebleed

Blood vessels inside the nose are fragile and can be damaged easily. There are many causes of nose bleeding, which are not serious at all but the most common reasons of nosebleed can be:

1. Nose injury

2. Exposure to dry air

3. Scratching or picking of your nose

4. Dryness in nasal membranes

5. Presence of foreign bodies inside nose

6. Allergic reactions

7. Continuous sneezing

Other causes of nose bleeds which may be indicative of a serious health hazard:

1. Upper respiratory infection

2. High blood pressure

3. Blood clotting disorders

4. Bleeding disorder

5. Cancer

Most of the times, nosebleed do not require any medical attention, as it can be recovered at home. But if in any case nose bleed does not stop within 20-25 minutes, then immediate medical care is needed. This can be a case/sign of posterior nosebleed, which is a serious health problem.

How to stop nosebleed?

1. Normal breathing through your mouth while leaning forward can help in draining the blood.

2. Place a cold wet cloth or an ice bag on the bridge of your nose.

3. If nosebleed is caused by a foreign object, then going to a doctor would be helpful. This is also because you may end up hurting yourself more if you try to remove it without any supervision. Doctor will remove the foreign object with extreme care.

4. If you have anterior nosebleed then it can be treated securely at home. In order to stop nose bleed, sit with your face up and squeeze the soft part of your nose gently and keep squeezing it till 7-10 minutes and breathe from your mouth with your nostrils fully closed. Make sure, you do not sit with your face down as it may result in you swallowing the blood. After 10 minutes, check if blood is still flowing. If yes, then repeat the same till the bleeding stops.

If bleeding does not stop, then prefer seeing your doctor, as it can be the case of posterior nosebleed, which needs to be treated immediately.

Posterior nosebleed is rare and often indicates serious health issue. In posterior nosebleed you bleed from back of your nose which directly flows down the throat. Consult to your doctor immediately if you think you have posterior nosebleed.

How to prevent nosebleed?

1. Try keeping a humidifier in your house to keep the dryness away.

2. Use sprays or gels to keep nasal membranes moist.

3. Avoid scratching or picking your nose.

4. Avoid doing activities which may injure your nose or prefer wearing a head gear.

5. Consume aspirin moderately, as more consumption can lead to thinning of your blood and contribute in nosebleed.

6. Limit your intake of nasal decongestants. It may end up drying your nose passage and cause nosebleed.

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These Nutritious Breakfasts Can Give A Kick Start To Your Day: Do Try Them!

The Kashmir Monitor



Breakfast is undoubtedly the most important meal of the day. It is the meal which kick-starts your metabolism and helps you burn calories throughout the day. Not only is it important for people who are trying to lose weight, it is simply important for a person to stay fit and healthy. Breakfast is the one meal which can give you the energy to do things and focus at your work and school. WebMD says that including breakfast in your diet can have positive effects on your memory and concentration.

Following are some breakfast options suggested by Delhi-based nutritionist Pooja Malhotra, which can give a boost your energy and also keep you warm during the chilly winter months.

Try these healthy breakfast options right now!


1. Stuffed rotis

Winter is the time when a variety of vegetables are in season. Stuffed rotis or paranthas made from methi (fenugreek), mooli (radish), gobi (cauliflower), matar (peas) or gajar (carrots) can all make for a delicious and wholesome winter breakfast. You can cook them with ghee (make sure you use it in the right quantity) and eat them with pickle and curd. Stuffed rotis are essentially the traditional Indian breakfast which people have been having for years. Prepare them as your grandmother used to prepare and enjoy them throughout winter.

2. Palak or beetroot roti with mint raita

Palak or spinach is a leafy geen veggie with more health benefits than you can count in your fingers. Similar is the case with beetroot, which is a root vegetable which is incredibly low in calories and is a great source of essential nutrients like fibre, folate and Vitamin C. Beetroot also contains nitrates and pigments which can help in controlling your blood pressure and may improve your overall athletic performance.

3. Egg parantha or scrambled eggs with chapati

Now that is a protein-rich breakfast which can help you keep full for longer. Prepare egg paranthas or eat scrambled eggs with roti for the perfect blend of protein, fat and carbs in your breakfast. Also, do not separate the yolk from egg white. A whole egg will provide you with all essential nutrients.

4. Bajra roti with beetroot raita/bajra khichdi

Bajra is a healthy grain which can be included a weight loss diet as well. You can either make a dough of bajra flour or prepare bajra khichdi as a healthy breakfast option. Bajra or millets has properties that can help in stabilising cholesterol levels in the body. Being rich in fibre, the grain is great for digestion and makes for a healthy breakfast option during winter.

(Pooja Malhotra is a nutritionist based in Delhi)

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5 Super Healthy And Warm Drinks To Keep You Hydrated During Winter

The Kashmir Monitor



Are the teas and coffees failing to keep you warm during the chilly winter? Then need not worry as we are right here with multiple options for warm and comforting drinks during winter. Warm drinking options are important to keep you hydrated during winter. Staying hydrated during summer seems to be way easier as cold and healthy drinks are aplenty. The easiest way to stay hydrated during summer is to simply gulp down a bottle of water. But in winter, the body is usually in need of something which keeps us warm and on-the-go. Keep reading if you want some alternative warm drinks instead of sipping on a third our fourth cup of coffee.

Drinks to keep you warm and hydrated during winter

Turmeric latte:


Well, this is nothing but our very own haldi doodh. It is the traditional drink which is taken when a person is suffering from cold or fever. It is a healing drink which can naturally detox your body and even strengthen your bones.

Ginger, honey, lemon tea:

Yes, this is another traditional drink which can be taken in warm form as well. You can create a tea concoction by adding ginger, honey and lemon to water and bring to a boil. It can make for a refreshing and warming drink during the chilly winter months.

Hot mulled cider:

All you need to do is add cardamom, peppercorns, star anise, ginger, lemon and cloves to apple cider vinegar. Add a tinge of all these ingredients in a cup of ACV and heat it in low flame. The drink is going to make for a flavourful companion to you and your favourite book by the fireplace.

Vegetable/chicken/bone broth or soup:

Soups or broths are filling and extremely warming during the cold winter months. You can either prepare steaming hot vegetable soup or broth or chicken soup or bone breath. Broths and soups are fluids which can help you hydrated during winter while also boosting your immunity and protecting your from catching a cold or infection. Just make sure that their preparation is light and healthy.

Vanilla-almond steamer:

Now this is a toasty treat you all have been craving! All you need is some warm milk, cinnamon, vanilla and some almonds. This velvety winter drink is going to be your all time favourite! What’s more is that you can prepare it beforehand and have it when you’re ready for a warm treat for yourself.

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Fasting can improve overall health, study suggests

The Kashmir Monitor



Fasting influences the circadian clock and fasting-driven cellular responses, which together work to achieve fasting-specific temporal gene regulation.

Fasting can lead to improved health and provide protection against ageing-associated diseases, a recent study suggests.

According to the research, fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire their metabolism, which can ultimately lead to improved health and protection against ageing-associated diseases. The study was published recently in Cell Reports.


The circadian clock operates within the body and its organs as intrinsic time-keeping machinery to preserve homeostasis in response to the changing environment. And, while food is known to influence clocks in peripheral tissues, it was unclear, until now, how the lack of food influences clock function and ultimately affects the body.

“We discovered fasting influences the circadian clock and fasting-driven cellular responses, which together work to achieve fasting-specific temporal gene regulation,” said lead author Paolo Sassone-Corsi.

“Skeletal muscle, for example, appears to be twice as responsive to fasting as the liver,” Paolo asserted.

According to the researchers, fasting is able to essentially reprogram a variety of cellular responses. Therefore, optimal fasting in a timed manner would be strategic to positively affect cellular functions and ultimately benefiting health and protecting against ageing-associated diseases.

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January 2019
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