Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) might not be limited to women, with research indicating that a male equivalent of the disorder exists, manifesting in symptoms ranging from baldness to gynecomastia or swollen male breast tissue.
This is as per an ongoing joint research by doctors at AIIMS, Delhi, and Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS). It looked at a sample of 3,500 patients — the largest such data set in the world. This will also be key for future research by the task force set up by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for PCOS at 11 centres across the country.
First described in 1935, PCOS causes irregular menstrual cycles, excessive body or facial hair and polycystic ovaries in women. According to the National Health Portal, ovarian cysts are not necessary for diagnosis. However, the exact cause remains unknown.
“Initially, it was thought to be linked to gender. Now we’ve found that in cases of a woman having PCOS, the probability of a brother or other male family members having the same disease is very high. Our research has shown that the same metabolic syndromes present themselves in 80% of the cases in male family members,” said Dr Mohammad Ashraf Ganie, associate professor, department of endocrinology and metabolism, AIIMS.
Ganie — who is also the chief coordinator of the ICMR task force — added that women with PCOS produce slightly higher amounts of male hormones known as androgens, leading to symptoms such as increased hair growth on face. “In men, however, research found that the male equivalent of PCOS can lead to lower amounts of the male hormone, leading to a lower testosterone count,” he said.
These findings were echoed by researchers from the department of clinical and experimental medicine at the University of Catania in Italy. They published evidence in the Journal of Endocrinological Investigation supporting the “existence of the male PCOS equivalent”, representing “endocrine syndrome with a metabolic background” that could lead to cancer later in life.
According to AIIMS, about 20-25% of women of reproductive age in India suffer from PCOS. This, Ganie argued, was crucial. “Our latest findings indicate that in India, every third or fourth woman is affected by it. It doesn’t just impact women, but also men in the families. It further leads to multiple metabolic problems… People need to be aware of this,” he said.
Bring Blood Sugar Down with These Home Remedies
Dealing with high blood sugar when you are pre-diabetic can be tough since having elevated glucose levels can push you to having diabetes. The problem with this condition is that it’s not just the adults who are prone to it, but even youngsters too. If your diabetes has been detected early on, there are certain precautions that you need to take to keep your blood sugar levels at a normal level, but this doesn’t mean that you should wait to be diagnosed before taking care of yourself. If your family has a history of diabetes, then these home remedies may help keep your blood sugar levels in check.
Bitter gourd contains charanthin which is a type of chemical that lowers your blood glucose levels. When consumed, this vegetable boosts the amount of pancreatic insulin in your body to help rectify the imbalance. Nutritionists recommend this vegetable to those who have diabetes as it helps keep their blood glucose in check.
Another home remedy that can help you with your diabetes problem is gooseberry which is known to contain high amounts of vitamin C. This particular vitamin can actually benefit your pancreas since it keeps your insulin levels in check. You can combine it with bitter gourd for a powerful remedy or you can eat it raw too if you like.
This plant is commonly used in treating hair and skin problems, but it appears that it can also contribute to regulating your blood sugar levels too. Packed with phytosterols, aloe vera can help reduce the sugar levels in your blood safely. You can use it along with bay leaves and turmeric which can also help with your blood sugar problems.
Also referred to as Indian lilac, the bitter taste that it has is actually good for your diabetes problem. Adding neem to your diet can regulate your blood sugar levels by boosting your insulin activity without any difficulty. Before using this remedy, however, you should consult with your doctor first, especially when your glucose level is consistently high.
Okra is another healthy vegetable that can help you deal with your high blood sugar levels. Cut the okra in half and soak them in water overnight. Drink this solution while your stomach is empty in the morning as it can help boost your digestion.
That One Exercise You Need That Tightens Your Every Muscle
One of the most popular and most effective exercises around the world would be the Plank. Some may hear that this is only good for the abs, but it also affects also the muscles of the whole body. Try doing this for five minutes a day and be surprised by the results. This may seem easy, but to be in such a position in 2 minutes – is not really a convenient task. A large number of muscles are activated, doing this with consistency, this will result to a you stronger back, tight ass with no cellulite, shaped legs and flat stomach.
How to exercise the “Plank” correctly and effectively:
Plank is a static exercise. It does not require movement, so it is important to keep the body properly.
Lie on the floor on your stomach down. Bend your elbows 90 degrees and set in the lying position on your elbows. The body should form a straight line from head to heels. Rely only on your forearms and the fingertips on your feet. The elbows should be directly under your shoulders. Keep your body as flat as possible, strain the abdominal muscles and do not relax. Try not to lower your hips toward the floor.
Assemble them. It will be difficult to keep the balance that will increase pressure on the abdominal muscles.
They should be straight and tight, otherwise, the pressure in the right abdominal muscle, which reserves the lumbar spine, will also be reduced.
Stretch and do not relax until the end of the exercise, as this increases the activation of all muscles of the lower torso.
The most important moment. For proper execution of the exercise, your lower back should be flat. This means that it must not be curved or dented. Imagine that your back adheres tightly to the wall.
Bring it in, and in such a position, try to even tuck it under the ribs. During the exercise hold your stomach in such a position, but do not hold your breath.
To avoid unnecessary burden on your shoulders, put your elbows directly below the shoulder joints.
Hold this position as long as you can. To begin with, is enough for 10 seconds. As a rule, people with different physical readiness maintain this posture for 10 seconds to 2 minutes. After a break of 2 minutes, repeat the exercise. 5 repetitions will be enough. If you are a beginner, do not try to break the record, start slowly.
Why do people suffer from nosebleed during summers; ways to stop it
Summers in India are harsh, and the side effect of the heat leads to health problems like dehydration, heat strokes, skin rashes and many more. A common problem that occurs during this season is nosebleed. Although it is most common in children, a nosebleed can also affect adults when the mercury rises.
So what leads to nosebleed? When the minute blood capillaries burst due to hot air, or due to nose picking, the protective mucus coating inside the nose gets dry which leads to bleeding. Although rare, the inability of the blood to clot can also cause the nose to bleed at times. In some cases, high blood pressure can also be a cause.
How you can stop nosebleeds in hot weather
Although it can be a bit messy, nose bleeds usually are not serious and can be easily stopped. Here are some quick ways you can try if you are prone to nose bleeds during the summer season.
- Rubbing ice against your nose can be effective in controlling nose bleeds. The ice helps in reducing the swelling in the blood vessels.
- Ensure to eat foods that are rich in vitamin C. Fruits and vegetables like guavas, kale, mustard, parsley, oranges, strawberries, and lemons help in blood clotting.
- If your nose suddenly starts to bleed, quickly elevate your head and sit in an upright position until the bleeding stops.
- It is advised to keep washing your face with cold water so that the nostrils also say hydrated.
- Cover your head with a cap or a scarf when outdoors. Also, cover your nose with a handkerchief or a cotton cloth to avoid hot air drying the insides of the nose.
- Taking steam also works wonders as it cleans the respiratory passage and moistens and protects the nasal cavity as well as reduces nasal irritation.