HIV prevalence on decline in JK; men constitute 70% of infected population
Srinagar, Sep 18: Nearly 70 per cent of the HIV-infected persons in Jammu and Kashmir are men, a report by Union Ministry of Health said.
A report titled ‘HIV Estimation 2017’ which is jointly prepared by National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and ICMR- National Institute of Medical Statistics claims that Jammu and Kashmir has the lowest HIV prevalence in India, with trend on a decline mode for the last seven years. It, however, said that men contributed a huge proportion to the persons infected with the HIV.
As per the report, currently as many as 2,954 persons are detected with HIV infection in the state out of which 909 are females.
It said that 0.3 per cent of the adult population of age between15-49 years in J&K were infected with HIV.
Out of the said percentage, 213 are newly added persons during 2017.
The report said that men contribute to the 84 per cent of the death toll due to the HIV. During 2017, 32 persons have died in the state due to the HIV. It said that the HIV in the state has witnessed a decline of nine per cent in the last seven years.
India had an estimated 21.40 lakh people living with HIV in 2017, with slightly more than two-fifth of them being women.
Doctors’ claim that despite more vulnerability to females, males have formed a good proportion of HIV infected persons in the state.“The overall prevalence of this diseases in the state is much low compared to the rest of the states. We have even children who have got this diseases transmitted from their mothers,” said Dr Mushtaq Ahmad Rather, Project Director J&K State AIDS Control Society.
Regarding the lowering trend of AIDS, Rather said that they have started community based testing exercise to aware and restrict the spreading of this diseases in the state.
“We conduct screening of the outside state based labourers , truck drivers. Besides constant awareness about the prevention of this diseases is being disseminated through media and seminars in schools and industries,” he said.
Rather said this year the organisation has started testing the people in jails of the state.