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Govt finalizes livestock breeding policy

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JAMMU, DEC 23: The Department of Animal, Sheep and Fisheries on Sunday finalized the livestock breeding policy in the state which s first of its kind in the sector in J&K.

The policy was finalized after a meeting of officers chaired by Principal Secretary Animal, Sheep and fisheries department Dr Asghar Hassan Samoon.

The Policy aims to support the existing low input production systems for improving productivity and income so as to improve socio-economic status of a vast majority of our livestock producers and to support research and development initiatives in livestock sector for improving production and productivity, bio-security and profitability in the sector.

 

Director Extension SKUAST-J Dr Tasleem Ahmed Shamas Ganai was chairman of the committee that drafted the policy while Director Sheep Husbandry Kashmir, Director Sheep Husbandry Jammu, Director Animal Husbandry Jammu, Director Animal Husbandry Kashmir,  Dr. Nazir Ahmed Ganai Head of the Department, Animal Breeding & Genetics SKUAST-Jammu, Dean Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, SKUAST- J, Dr. K.S. Risam, Director Extension, SKUAST-Jammu, Chief Executive Officer Livestock Development Board Kashmir, Chief Executive Officer Livestock Development Board Jammu were members of the committee.

On the occasion, Samoon said the initiative aims to increase livestock productivity and production in a sustainable manner while protecting the environment, preserving animal bio-diversity, ensuring bio-diversity and farmers livelihood.

According to the policy, the exotic inheritance of both the breeds shall be restricted maximum to 75% only in temperate areas of the state and 50 % for plains of subtropical areas of Jammu.

Policy also states that stress shall be made for selection of quality 50 to 75% bred bulls of local and exotic inheritance for stabilization of desired level of inheritances. “To realize it Open Nucleus Breeding System (ONBS) shall be established for all regions of the state,” it reads.

The policy also recommended experimentation on the adaptability and production related performance of French breed Mt Billiarde and Swiss breed Braunvieh as pure breeds as well as in combination with local germplasm in hilly and small valleys of Jammu and Kashmir.

The policy also stresses on giving preference to sexed semen to manage the cattle population in a better and organized way. Regarding the breeding policy for buffalo , the policy calls for up-gradation of the local Buffalo population using frozen semen of the selected sires of Murrah through Artificial Insemination/natural mating as per feasibility.

Stating that there is need of policy shift from apparel woolly sheep rearing to mutton attribute sheep,  emphasis will be given on production of mutton and at the same time gains achieved in fine wool so far be taken care of by appropriate selection and breeding methods to evolve a dual purpose( wool and mutton) breed for the state. “The Sheep Breeding policy in vogue in Jammu and Kashmir is one recommended by National Commission on Agriculture (1976) for Northern temperate region wherein northern temperate area of the state were ear marked for the fine/ apparel wool production. However, with the globalization, the wool from international market is available at cheaper rates and the remuneration from wool is not profitable, ” it reads, “However, demand for the mutton is increasing with time and to meet it about 15 lac small ruminants are imported into the state annually.”

Regarding the breeding policy with focus on sheep in Kashmir division, it asks for Stabilization of inheritance level (75% merinos 25% local) by selective breeding with stress on growth, fecundity and dressing percentage attributes. The gains obtained in fine wool shall be maintained (at least 23 micron fiber diameter). The developed Kashmir Merino  shall be completely documented and registered as a separate breed.


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In order to bring change in Pak behaviour, India must also change: Chidambaram

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New Delhi, Apr 21: Senior Congress leader P Chidambaram Sunday said that in order to bring a change in Pakistan’s behaviour, India must also change its behaviour towards the neighbouring country. The former home minister also said that a way must be found to normalise the India-Pakistan relations so as to answer the country’s “biggest external challenge” in terms of security and various other aspects.

“Whatever we do, we have to make Pakistan change its behaviour. That means we must also change our behaviour towards Pakistan. These attitudinal changes will happen over a period of time. But we must make an effort,” he said at a discussion titled — “Beyond Politics: Debating a new Security Manifesto”, organised by think-tank Observer Research Foundation (ORF) here. Retired Lt General DS Hooda, who headed the Army’s Northern Command when India carried out surgical strike in terror camps across the border in 2017, contended that “one surgical strike or air strike cannot change the behaviour of Pakistan.”

Gen (retd) Hooda also presented salient features of his report “India’s National Security Strategy” — a policy created by his team for the Congress party. Chidambaram said, “We build strong armies not to win a war but to avoid the war. If that is kept in mind everything will fall in place.”

 

“We may have tried everything and failed, but we have to try and try and try until we have a break. There is no reason why one day an Indian prime minister and a Pakistan prime minister cannot walk into each other’s territory and shake hands,” he said, adding there has to be some “radical” thinking, a departure from conventional thinking. Chidambaram suggested that efforts should be made to resolve issue which are easy to sort out and batted for increased mutual visits by the people of the two countries.

He said war is not an option for developing countries like India and Pakistan. “Barring China, countries in the region are not even middle income countries. The narrative of war is misleading. The war is not at all an option,” he said. “We cannot afford to do things beyond the economic capacity.”

He also explained how internal security is also linked to the national security, mentioning the case of terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir and Naga insurgency. Chidambaram disputed the claim of the BJP that the current government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi was a strong one, claiming that last year saw the highest number of terrorist incursions, highest number of deaths of security jawans and civilians.

Lt. Gen. (retd) Hooda said there is a need for a longterm security policy to be effective against adversaries. He also underlined the need to solve issues like Jammu and Kashmir with a combination of effective military and political policies.

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Advisor Sharma reviews Darbar Move arrangements

Takes stock of PadshahiBagh – Wullar Lake Diversion Channel

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SRINAGAR, APRIL 21: Advisor to Governor K.K. Sharma today visited Civil Secretariat, Srinagar, and took stock of the arrangements being made regarding the Darbar move.
Later, he visited Bemina to get the status of ongoing work on PadshahiBagh – Wullar Lake Diversion Channel.
During the visit, the Advisor was accompanied by Chief Engineer Irrigation and Flood Control, Chief Engineer RNB, SE Irrigation and Flood Control and other senior officers of the department.
Taking stock of the work, the Advisor directed the concerned to expedite the work on the channel and remove all the bottlenecks so that the project could be completed at an earliest.
He also visited the site of Automatic Gauge Reader System (Measuring water level) at Ram MunshiBagh.

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RO Anantnag reviews final preparedness

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ANANTNAG, APR 21: Returning Officer (RO) Anantnag Parliamentary Constituency, Khalid Jahangir today in presence of General Observers, Police Observer convened a meeting of Assistant Returning Officers (ARO), Nodal Officers, Zonal and Sectoral Magistrates to review the final preparedness for the smooth conduct of parliamentary elections conducted in the district on April 23, 2019.
The RO stressed upon the officers that they should put in best their efforts to ensure that elections are conducted in the smooth and fair manner in accordance with Election Commission of India (ECI) directions. He emphasized that proper implementation of the plans be ensured so that no room is left for any laxity or lapses.
Zonal and Sectoral Magistrates were re-sensitized that they shall ensure assured minimum facilities (AMU), arrangements for polling parties, conduct of mock poll, carrying of Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) as per standard operating procedure, maintenance of law and order, keep close watch on the situation and also ensure that no intimidation to voters, booth capturing or any other malpractice takes place. The concerned officers were asked to ensure strict adherence to all the aspects of these plans and directed for that timely, safe and secure induction and re-induction of polling parties according to standard operating procedure.
The AROs were directed that dispatch centres must be properly organised. All the officers were directed to work with dedication and zeal and handle the election process in a meticulous, professional and efficient manner to ensure peaceful, free fair and transparent elections.
The meeting was attended by Narash Thakral General Observer for Bijbehara and Pahalgam constituencies, Daljitsingh Manget General Observer for Dooru and Anantnag, Rajvee Sharma General Observer for Kokernag and Shangus, Ajay Kumar Tripati Police Observer, DIG CRPF Mohsin Shaheedi, SSP Anantnag Altaf Ahmad Khan, Additional Deputy Commissioner Anantnag, Deputy District Election Officer, AROs of Anantnag, Nodal Officers, Zonal Magistrates & Sectoral Magistrates.

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