France has banned several types of textured breast implants that have been linked to a rare form of cancer. The ban, which covers macro-textured and polyurethane implants, took effect. It was announced this week by France’s National Agency for Safety of Medicines and Health Products, or ANSM, in a letter to manufacturers.
The implants, characterized by a textured, Velcrolike surface that adheres to the breast tissue, are suspected of being linked to anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, a rare form of cancer. Since 2011, 59 cases have been recorded in France, according to the ANSM, and most women affected by the disease had textured breast implants. Although the safety agency did not find a causal link between the cancer and the implants, it said it was imposing the ban as a “precautionary measure.”
In December, Allergan, one of the makers of textured implants, halted European sales after its certification expired. The French safety agency had asked for additional data on the implants, but the company said it could not provide it before the expiration date. At the time, the ANSM said it had not “identified any immediate risk for the health of women carrying the implants concerned,” and it did not mention the unusual cancer.
France’s decision this week has set off a chain reaction in regulators across continents, with Canada and the Netherlands announcing similar plans to suspend the sale of textured breast implants. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration held public hearings on the subject on March 25 and 26. It said it would announce a decision “in the coming weeks.”
The prohibition followed a series of media investigations last year, coordinated by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, that found poorly designed breast implants had led to health issues for patients globally. In the ANSM letter this week, which the French newspaper Le Monde published on its website, Dr Christelle Ratignier-Carbonneil, deputy director-general of the agency, asked manufacturers to remove their implants from the market, “in view of the rare but serious danger that their implantation is likely to constitute.”
Nearly 500,000 women have breast implants in France. In 2018, macro-textured and polyurethane implants represented 27 per cent of sales, according to the ANSM. Over the past five years, some 70,000 women are thought to have received the implants, which do not slip out of place or rotate, unlike smooth ones. They are also less likely than smooth ones to cause thick scarring around the implant, which is common and requires more surgery.
Joëlle Manighetti, a French activist who started a blog on breast implants after suffering from faulty ones, praised the decision as going “beyond our recommendations.”
“I now hope that there will be a serious follow-up of the other breast implants still on the market,” she said.
Breast implants came under scrutiny in France in the last decade, in a landmark case involving the company Poly Implant Prothèse, which was accused of selling hundreds of thousands of defective implants in 65 countries.
After a trial that involved more than 7,000 defendants, the company’s founder, Jean-Claude Mas, and four former employees were found guilty of aggravated fraud in 2012. Mas, who died Thursday at age 79, was later sentenced to four years in prison.
Common Causes of Neck and Shoulder Pain
If you have a 9 to 5 job that requires you to sit in front of a computer, chances are you have been bugged by neck and shoulder pain for many times already.The discomfort you feel may range anywhere from mild to severe. Moving the affected area may trigger the pain or cause it to worsen.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs are the most commonly prescribed drugs to those who are suffering from neck and shoulder pain. The problem with the intake of these medications is they yield unfavorable side effects most especially when taken for a long period of time. The application of liniment may also be done, although the topically used product may cause skin irritation in some.
It’s for these reasons why considering a few home remedies for dealing with neck and shoulder pain is a good idea. Some of them include:
• Alternating hot and cold compress – Doing this for about 20 minutes several times a day can help get rid of the pain and inflammation in the affected areas. If you have the problem, you may also take a shower using cold and water alternately to attain relief.
• Mobilizing the neck and shoulder – Immobilizing the painful area for a long time may only do more harm than good. That’s why after about 48 hours or when the pain and inflammation have subsided a bit, gently mobilizing the neck and shoulder can help in restoring function as well as flexibility and strength of the muscles in the area.
Neck and shoulder pain can be due to several different reasons. When having the problem, it’s very important to pinpoint the cause so that it may be managed appropriately. Here are the common causes:
• Poor posture. Naturally, it’s very likely for you to suffer from neck and shoulder pain if your posture is not top-notch. No matter if you are standing up, sitting down or lying, proper posture is important in order to have the problem avoided.
• Overuse of the muscles and joints of the neck and shoulders. Repeated movements of the neck and shoulder can cause pain in these areas as the muscles get fatigued and the joints are given more work than they could normally handle.
• A pinched neck or shoulder nerve. When there’s compression of the nerve in the neck or shoulder or too much pressure is applied to it, a condition called pinched nerve may occur. The pain felt also usually runs down on one side of your arm.
• Frozen neck or shoulder. A frozen neck or shoulder usually stems from the lack of movement due to pain and inflammation brought about by an injury. As more and more movement is introduced, the problem gradually goes away.
• Swelling of a tendon in the neck or shoulder area. Medically known as tendonitis, the swelling of a tendon (a band that attaches a muscle to a bone) can cause pain in the neck and shoulder, also causing the said areas to be frozen.
• Inflammation of the bursa. This condition which is also referred to as bursitis is brought about by overuse, trauma, gout, arthritis and infection, thus causing the bursa (sac surrounding the shoulder joint) to get inflamed.
• Whiplash and osteoarthritis. Both whiplash (injury to the neck due to forceful and rapid back-and-forth movement of the neck joint) and osteoarthritis (degeneration of the cartilage of a joint) may also result in neck and shoulder pain.
• Inflammation of the lymph nodes found in the neck. There are instances when pain in the neck and shoulders is brought about by an infection, causing the lymph nodes in the neck to get inflamed and tender.
How to Remove Uric Acid Crystallization in Joints (Gout and Joint pain)
Gout and pain in the joints are known conditions that affect a lot people. Some go for supplements and over-the-counter medicine for relief.
What many do not know is that many healthy remedies are available to help in dealing with these conditions. Besides being convenient and effective, natural ways also offer added health benefits to the body.
What you will read next is a great and healthy way to remove uric acid crystallization in joints.
Cucumber is one produce you would always want to the grocery for. Making a juice out of it is great at bringing down the temperature of the body. Besides its being a an effective alkalizing agent, it also works well In the removal of the uric acid that has been crystalized in the joints which usually happens in the case of gout.
When drinking this juice, a slight pain might be felt. This is good because this is a sign that healing is taking place. This happens when the old toxins that will be removed are being stirred.
You might want to add want to add ginger and celery. They work well in the reduction of inflammation when the body undergoes a cleansing process.
To prepare this mix you will need the following:
• 2 ribs of celery
• 1 average sized cucumber
• A slice of lemon
• 1 inch young ginger root
Make sure that you have prepared all the necessary ingredients. Clean them well. You may use some vegetable wash or wash them thoroughly.
First, make small cucumber pieces. Slice them in such a way that they will fit into your juicer. Know your juicer’s capacity. Then check the rib of the celery. Make sure that you got rid of the dirt that has accumulated on it. After that, take the lemon and cut it into half. This is all you need. Put the other half in the fridge. Lastly, get the ginger root and carve it out.
Enjoy the drink and deal with the crystalized uric acid. Drink as often as needed.
Endogamy may up infertility risk in Indian men
A team of researchers have identified that deletions of the Y chromosomes, responsible for the production of sperms, can cause infertility in Indian men.
The study, published in the journal, ‘Scientific Reports’, illustrates how the ethnicity, endogamy and long-time geographical isolation of Indian populations might have played a major role in the high frequencies of deletion events.
According to the researchers, including K Thangaraj from Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, deletions in the A Zoospermia Factor (AZF) regions on the human Y chromosome are reported as one of the most common causes of severe testiculopathy and spermatogenic defects leading to male infertility.
For the study, the researchers screened blood samples of 973 infertile men, consisting of 771 azoospermia (complete absence of sperm), 105 oligozoospermia (low sperm count) and 97 oligoteratozoospermia (low sperm count with abnormal shape and size) patients.
The deletion screening was carried out using AZF-specific markers.
The experiments were carried in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations approved for research on human samples.
The study revealed deletion events in a total of 29.4 per cent of infertile Indian men. Of these, non-allelic homologous recombination events accounted for 25.8 per cent.
Indian populations are unique in their origin and have been practicing endogamy for the last two thousand years, and therefore it is important to add a study of the frequencies of AZF deletions on the Y chromosome and their association with fertility in Indian idiopathic infertile men to similar studies from other parts of the world, the researchers said.