Fallout of climate change: Annual precipitation level drops considerably in Kashmir
Srinagar: Serene Kashmir is feeling the pinch of
climate change as new study has revealed consistent decrease in the annual
precipitation level across the valley.
`Recent trends in precipitation regime of Kashmir valley, India’, the 2019
study was jointly conducted by Mifta ul Shafiq, Zahoor ul Islam, Abida, Wani
Suhail Ahmad, Mohd Shafi Bhat and Pervez Ahmed of Department of Geography and
Regional Development, University of Kashmir, and Department of Geography,
Aligarh Muslim University.
aimed to analyze the nature and behavior in annual and seasonal precipitation
in the Kashmir valley since 1980. “The
trend analysis showed a consistent decrease in annual precipitation in Kashmir
Valley at the rate of -5.1 mm/year,” reveals the study.
is one of the most important variables of the climate and is used as an
indicator of climate change. “Any
variability in the patterns of the precipitation may lead to increased extreme
weather events like floods, droughts, ecological imbalances and food
insecurity,” says the research.
research was based on the data recorded at six meteorological stations of
Kashmir — Srinagar, Gulmarg, Kokernag, Kupwara, Pahalgam and Qazigund. “The analysis carried out on separate
stations also showed a decrease in annual precipitation with high altitude
station of Gulmarg recording the maximum decrease of -15.6 mm/year while the
lowest decrease was found in Pahalgam station -1.7 mm/year,” it says.
other stations have also shown a negative trend, as per the study with Srinagar
recording at -2.6mm/year, Kokernag -1.8mm/year and Qazigund -5.5 mm/year but
statistically insignificant except the Kupwara station which is statistically
significant at 90% confidence interval with a negative slope of -5.5
region is a low-lying basin surrounded by Himalayas. The mountain areas act as
a roadblock to circulation patterns of the atmosphere for both summer monsoon
and winter monsoon.
“In the recent decades, significant changes are
observed in the amount, intensity, duration and frequency of all types of
precipitation (such as snow, ice, rain etc.) over different regions of the
globe,” the study reveals.
Shakil Romshoo, Department of Earth Sciences, Kashmir University, said due to
climate change, the form of precipitation is changing. “The precipitation is decreasing but not at
significant level,” he added.