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Fallout of climate change: Annual precipitation level drops considerably in Kashmir

Hirra Azmat



Srinagar:  Serene Kashmir is feeling the pinch of climate change as new study has revealed consistent decrease in the annual precipitation level across the valley.

Entitled `Recent trends in precipitation regime of Kashmir valley, India’, the 2019 study was jointly conducted by Mifta ul Shafiq, Zahoor ul Islam, Abida, Wani Suhail Ahmad, Mohd Shafi Bhat and Pervez Ahmed of Department of Geography and Regional Development, University of Kashmir, and Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim University.

It was aimed to analyze the nature and behavior in annual and seasonal precipitation in the Kashmir valley since 1980.  “The trend analysis showed a consistent decrease in annual precipitation in Kashmir Valley at the rate of -5.1 mm/year,” reveals the study.


Precipitation is one of the most important variables of the climate and is used as an indicator of climate change.  “Any variability in the patterns of the precipitation may lead to increased extreme weather events like floods, droughts, ecological imbalances and food insecurity,” says the research. 

The research was based on the data recorded at six meteorological stations of Kashmir — Srinagar, Gulmarg, Kokernag, Kupwara, Pahalgam and Qazigund.  “The analysis carried out on separate stations also showed a decrease in annual precipitation with high altitude station of Gulmarg recording the maximum decrease of -15.6 mm/year while the lowest decrease was found in Pahalgam station -1.7 mm/year,” it says.

Furthermore, other stations have also shown a negative trend, as per the study with Srinagar recording at -2.6mm/year, Kokernag -1.8mm/year and Qazigund -5.5 mm/year but statistically insignificant except the Kupwara station which is statistically significant at 90% confidence interval with a negative slope of -5.5 mm/year. 

Kashmir region is a low-lying basin surrounded by Himalayas. The mountain areas act as a roadblock to circulation patterns of the atmosphere for both summer monsoon and winter monsoon.

 “In the recent decades, significant changes are observed in the amount, intensity, duration and frequency of all types of precipitation (such as snow, ice, rain etc.) over different regions of the globe,” the study reveals.

Professor Shakil Romshoo, Department of Earth Sciences, Kashmir University, said due to climate change, the form of precipitation is changing.  “The precipitation is decreasing but not at significant level,” he added.



Trump’s India visit: ‘Will ensure no subversive activity takes place in JK’

Press Trust of India



Srinagar, Feb 19: The Jammu and Kashmir police on Wednesday said it will take all measures to ensure that militants are not able to carry out any subversive activity in the Union territory during US President Donald Trump’s visit to the country next week.

“We are taking all necessary measures…we are hopeful that this visit (of the US president) will pass off peacefully,” Director General of Police (DGP) Dilbagh Singh told reporters here.

He was responding to a question on intelligence inputs suggesting that terror outfit Jaish-e-Mohammed might carry out a major attack on the eve of Trump’s visit to India.


Singh said foreign dignitaries visited Jammu and Kashmir recently and their visits passed off without any incident.

“Two groups (of ambassadors) visited Jammu and Kashmir and they left without any incident taking place here,” he said.

The DGP said Pakistan was trying its best to keep the militancy going in Jammu and Kashmir by sending in militants from across the Line of Control (LoC) and the international border under the cover of ceasefire violations, especially after the abrogation of Article 370 of the Constitution, which gave a special status to the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir, on August 5 last year.

“The number of ceasefire violations has increased after August 5 (2019). Pakistan is trying to keep the borders hot in order to push in as many terrorists as possible. While some attempts of infiltration have been successful, many have been foiled,” he said.

Singh said a Pakistani drone recently flew over a BSF picket in the Gagwal area of the Jammu region for around 10 minutes, but was pulled back after the troops of the border-guarding force opened fire.

In response to a question, the DGP said he would not be able to give the exact number of militants waiting to infiltrate into Jammu and Kashmir from across the LoC, but maintained that terror launchpads were active during the winter months as well.

“Normally, there would not be much activity at the launchpads during the winter months as snow would cover the passes. This winter, however, the movement at the luanchpads did not reduce,” he said.

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Kashmir students’ sedition case: K’taka police books group for assaulting trio




Bengaluru, Feb 19: The Karnataka Police on Wednesday registered a suo motu case against members of pro-Hindu outfits for assaulting three Kashmiri engineering students, who were charged with sedition. Members of several pro-Hindu outfits had gathered outside the sessions court in Hubballi on Tuesday and assaulted the students who were produced before the magistrate.

The Vidyanagar Police have registered a case against 10 to 15 unidentified persons under sections 143 (unlawful assembly), 147 (rioting), 323 (voluntarily causing hurt), 355 (assault to dishonor a person) and 149 (unlawful assembly with common intention) of the Indian Penal Code.

On Tuesday morning, the Hubballi Rural Police brought in the three Kashmiri students from KLE Institute of Technology to the court but members of various pro-Hindu groups including Bajrang Dal attacked the three students. The students had been arrested after they made a selfie video in which they were alleged to have made pro-Pakistan comments.


“When the three accused persons were being brought out of the court hall, around 10 to 15 people gathered around the police. They began shouting at the three students saying they were traitors. The mob began punching the accused and some of them began hitting them with slippers,” the FIR states.

The three students were rushed outside by the police and taken out in a police vehicle. Vidyanagar police officials say that the mob stopped the police van and refused to let it move from the court premises.

“Police officers had to ward them off. They stopped police from performing their duty,” the Vidyanagar Police said.

So far, no arrests have been made and the investigators say that they are in the process of gathering videos to identify the suspects. “We have to find out which organisations they are affiliated to. We don’t know that yet. Preliminary investigation shows that members of Bajrang Dal were there. We have to see if its members were involved in assault,” the Vidyanagar Police said. (Courtesy:

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LG sanctions Rs 1.83 Cr as medical assistance

Monitor News Bureau



Jammu, Feb 19: Lieutenant Governor, Girish Chandra Murmu Wednesday sanctioned an amount of Rs 183.59 lakh as Medical/Financial Assistance under various schemes in favour of patients suffering from different chronic ailments, victims of road accidents and other natural incidents.

Under the Cancer Treatment Management Fund for Poor (CTMFFP), an amount of Rs 123.38 lakh has been sanctioned in favour of 286 patients who are suffering from Cancer.

An amount of Rs 22.63 lakh has been sanctioned under J&K Medical Aid Trust Scheme (MAT) in favour of 83 patients suffering from Heart, Kidney and other life threatening diseases.


The Lt Governor also sanctioned an amount of Rs 37.58 lakh under J&K Relief Fund (J&KRF) for victims of road accidents and other natural incidents. Out of which, an amount of Rs 2.95 lakh was sanctioned in favour of physically challenged persons and other persons suffering from different diseases.

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