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Did You Know: You Are At A Higher Risk Of Heart Attack During Winters Than In Summers

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An analysis shows that heart attacks are more likely to peak during winters because a fall in temperature triggers life-threatening diseases. The average number of heart attacks during winters in higher as compared to the number of attacks in summers. This is the outcome of a Swedish study. When temperature falls as low as zero degrees, the average number of heart attacks rose to four cases per day, higher than the number of attacks when the temperature was above ten degrees. Other factors contributing to it were high wind velocity, less duration of sunshine and high humidity.

“There is seasonal variation in the occurrence of heart attack, with incidence declining in summer and peaking in winter,” said the lead author of this study, Moman A. Mohammad, from the Lund University in Sweden.

In extreme low temperatures, the body constricts blood vessels decreasing thermal conduction of the skin and increasing arterial blood pressure. This is how the body responds usually to extreme cold. In other cases, the body responds by shivering which increases heart rate and increases metabolism, keeping the body warm.

To this he added, “Our results consistently showed a higher occurrence of heart attacks in sub-zero temperatures. The findings were the same across a large range of patient subgroups, and at national as well as regional levels, suggesting that air temperature is a trigger for heart attacks.”

Mohammad says, “In the majority of healthy people these mechanisms are well tolerated. But in people with atherosclerotic plaques in their coronary arteries they may trigger a heart attack.”

Infections of the respiratory tract and influenza are also affected by seasonal variation and are contributing factors for a heart attack.

“In addition, seasonal-dependent behaviours such as reduced physical activity and dietary changes could also play a role in the increased occurrence of heart attack during colder weather.” Mohammad said.

The results of this study were presented in the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Barcelona.


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Health

‘Unusual’ warning signs of brain tumors

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Cancer is caused by cells in a specific part of the body reproducing uncontrollably, according to the NHS.

These cancerous cells can destroy the healthy tissue surrounding them — including organs, express.co.uk reported.

More than a third of all people will develop cancer at some point in their lifetime.

You could be at risk of a brain tumor if you have a ‘severe’ headache, it’s been revealed.

Headaches that are severe and persistent could be one of the earliest warning signs of a brain tumor, said Consultant Neurosurgeon, Ian Sabin.

He told Express that the headaches are usually worse in the morning, and gradually get better throughout the day.

It’s not uncommon for the headaches to be accompanied by blurred vision when standing up from a seated position, he added.

“Early signs of a general brain tumor can include headaches that are severe and persistent, continue for an extended period and are unusual i.e. not related to an existing illness,” said Sabin, who is also Medical Director at the London Gamma Knife Center, part of HCA Healthcare UK.

“Characteristically they are present on waking in the morning and often improve once the individual is up and about.

“There may be visual disturbance when rising from a sitting position, with ‘greying’ out of vision [obscurations] and a feeling of faintness.

“Sudden onset headache, sometimes referred to as ‘thunderclap’, may be due to a hemorrhage in and around the brain and requires urgent investigation.

“Some brain tumors grow faster than others, and it is important to know when you need to see a medical professional for a second opinion.”

You could also be at risk of a brain tumor if you’re feeling constantly nauseous, added Sabin.

Vomiting and nausea is caused by a tumor interfering with the internal circulation of brain fluid, which causes ‘water on the brain’, he said.

While most people feel nauseous at some points, you should see a doctor if it’s associated with headaches or drowsiness.

An other warning signs of a brain tumour include seizures, cognitive changes, and even hearing loss.

More than 9,000 people in the UK every year are diagnosed with brain tumors.

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Top 5 Natural Ways Which Can Help Treat Piles At Home

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Piles are swelling or swollen haemorrhoids that occur inside and around the anus, and along the anal canal. Haemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue full of blood vessels which support the tissue, muscle and elastic fibers in the anal canal. Everyone has haemorrhoids. However, when the haemorrhoids guarding the anal passage become too big due to inflammation, the vein walls stretch, thin and gets irritated while passing the bowel movements. This is when piles develop. They become a problem when haemorrhoids start become itchy, cause pain or bleed. Piles are generally caused due to constipation, diarrhea, during pregnancy, diet lacking in fiber, lifting heavy weights or straining while passing stool. Piles, often go away on their own without treatment in a couple of weeks. Fortunately, several effective home remedies and lifestyle changes can help deal with or even avoid haemorrhoids.

Top 5 home remedies to cure piles fast:

1. Warm water baths:

Sitting in a tub of warm water may help ease the swelling and reduce irritation caused by hemorrhoids. You can also add other ingredients to the water in order to help reduce symptoms even further. These ingredients can include a cup of Epsom salts or apple cider vinegar.

2. Coconut oil:

Everyone knows the several health benefits that the coconut oil offers. Coconut oil is a natural moisturizer, which may also help with hemorrhoid symptoms. Applying coconut oil may reduce the irritation and swelling, and it may also help reduce the urge to scratch.

3. Fiber-rich diet:

Diets high in fiber is very important for digestive health, especially when it comes to bowel movements. Fiber can absorb water, which helps to both soften the stool and give it more body. This makes it easier to pass. Include lots of fruits, legumes, whole grains and vegetables in your diet. Also, try avoiding processed and junk food.

4. Fluids:

Drinking plenty of liquid throughout the day will help keep the stool soft and manageable as it works its way through the intestines. The result is a much softer stool that takes less energy to pass and causes less irritation to the hemorrhoids. You should drink plenty of water all day long or other drinks like lime water or coconut water that soothes your stomach and are good for digestion.

5. Ice packs:

Ice packs can be an effective home remedy if you have piles. Applying ice or cold packs to the hemorrhoid may also be helpful in relieving pain and inflammation. You can put a small cold pack on the spot which is troublesome several times a day. It can help relieve you of pain and bring down the swelling for a little time.

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Being overweight or underweight could take away 4 years from your life: Study

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Most of us know that being overweight or underweight is not healthy and may lead to a plethora of lifestyle-related diseases but according to a study published in the medical journal Lancet, being over or under your ideal weight might have some really serious repercussions – it could knock four years off your life.

“BMI is known to be strongly associated with all-cause mortality, but few studies have been large enough to reliably examine associations between BMI and a comprehensive range of cause-specific mortality outcomes”, the report states.

Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.

The report, one of the largest of its kind, involved samples from nearly 2 million people who were registered with doctors in the UK.

“Associations between BMI and mortality were stronger at younger ages than at older ages, and the BMI associated with lowest mortality risk was higher in older individuals than in younger individuals. Compared with individuals of healthy weight, life expectancy from age 40 years was 4·2 years shorter in obese men and 3·5 years shorter in obese women, and 4·3 years shorter in underweight men and 4·5 years shorter in underweight women”, the study found.

Researchers also found that, from the age of 40, people at the higher end of the healthy Body Mass Index (BMI) range had the lowest risk of dying from a disease. But people at the top and bottom ends of the BMI risked having shorter lives.

It continued, “BMI was associated with all causes of death categories, except transport-related accidents, including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and respiratory diseases.”

However, according to a BBC report, an author of the research Dr Krishnan Bhaskaran said, “Not everybody in the healthy category is at the lowest risk of disease. For most causes of death we found that there was an ‘optimal’ BMI level, with the risk of death increasing both below and above that level.”

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