Connect with us

Health

Diabetes drugs linked to heart disease risk: Study

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

🕒

on

IST

Intake of two commonly used drugs to treat Type-2 diabetes carry a high risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure or amputation, warns a new study.

The two drugs — sulfonylureas and basal insulin — are the second-line medication after metformin, a widely accepted initial Type-2 diabetes treatment.

The study, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, showed that patients who take one of these two drugs are 36 per cent more likely and twice as likely to experience cardiovascular harm.

 

“People should know if the medications they are taking to treat their diabetes could lead to serious cardiovascular harm. This calls for a paradigm shift in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes,” said lead author Matthew O’Brien, Assistant Professor from the Northwestern University in the US.

Physicians should consider prescribing newer classes of antidiabetic medications, such as GLP-1 agonists (liraglutide), SGLT-2 inhibitors (empagliflozin)or DPP-4 inhibitors (sitagliptin), more routinely after metformin, rather than sulfonylureas or basal insulin, suggest the researchers.

These drugs, however, are more expensive than the sulfonylureas, which is the main reason they are not as commonly prescribed.

The study should force medical providers to think about cardiovascular effects of these drugs early in the course of diabetes treatment, and shift prescribing patterns to newer drugs that have more favourable cardiovascular profiles,the team noted.

This was an observational study using data from 132,737 patients with Type-2 diabetes who were starting second-line treatment.


The Kashmir Monitor is the fastest growing newspaper as well as digitial platform covering news from all angles.

Advertisement
Loading...
Comments

Health

Natural Cure for Stomachache

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

When parties or the holidays strike, it can be hard to keep yourself from stepping close to the buffet table. Besides, get-togethers where all sorts of delectable appetizers, main courses, sauces, desserts and beverages are being served do not happen all the time. It’s not unlikely for a party pooper to show up during or right after your eating spree: a stomachache.

In case a drugstore-bought stomachache remedy is not within your easy reach, fret not. That cranky gut can be appeased with a few homemade remedies. Because they are all-natural, you don’t have to worry about some potential side effects. Continue reading to know some stomachache quick fixes that many count on from centuries ago until at the present.

Consuming Cayenne Powder

 

The consumption of cayenne powder when your tummy is troubled may not sound right. But the fact is taking 0.5 to 1.0 g of this super spicy red powder a few minutes before meals is known to ward off nausea and abdominal pain due to a bout with stomachache. Sprinkling some cayenne powder on dishes it goes well with can work just as effectively too.

Drinking Chamomile Tea

Chamomile tea has a pleasant smell and taste. Drinking this infusion of dried chamomile flowers is also beneficial each time you are being bugged by an upset stomach. Chamomile tea is known to soothe a disturbed upper digestive tract. What’s more, it also has anti-inflammatory and mild sedating properties that help alleviate a painful abdominal area.

Sucking on a Piece of Ginger Root

Ginger root is loaded with an antioxidant known as gingerol. It’s something that helps provide quick relief from abdominal discomfort and nausea. Sucking on a piece of ginger root is a great way to put an end to a stomachache. Ginger candy makes for a great alternative if you don’t like the taste of the real deal. You may also slowly sip a cup of ginger ale or tea.

Taking Peppermint Candy or Tea

Peppermint is an herb that possesses a soothing effect. Whether you prefer to suck on a peppermint candy or drink a hot cup of peppermint tea, you can bid that stomachache goodbye in no time. This herb is capable of relaxing the digestive tract while at the same time promoting the secretion of juices necessary for the processing of fat in the foods you eat.

Chewing on Some Dried Fennel Seeds

Dried fennel seeds are revered for their medicinal properties as well as nutritive content. Taken from a flowering plant with the same name, chewing on some fennel seeds during an upset stomach can prove to be very beneficial. It has a carminative effect that soothes intestinal wall spasms and provides relief from gas that makes the abdominal area hurt.

Continue Reading

Health

Dispel sleeping myths for a healthier life

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

People holding sleep myths- like five hours of sleep is sufficient for them, snoring has no harm or drinking helps you to fall asleep- are at a significant health threat, reveals a new study. The findings were published in the Journal ‘Sleep Health’.

“Sleep is a vital part of life that affects our productivity, mood, and general health and well-being. Dispelling myths about sleep promotes healthier sleep habits which, in turn, promote overall better health,” says study lead investigator, Rebecca Robbins.

Researchers reviewed more than 8000 websites to identify 20 most common assumptions about sleep.They ranked them based on whether each could be dispelled as a myth or supported by scientific evidence, and on the harm that the myth could cause.

 

Among the top myth researchers were able to dispel was the claim by people that five hours of sleep is enough for them.This misconception poses risks to health from long-term sleep deficits. Another common myth relates to snoring.

Robbins says snoring can be harmless, but it can also be a sign of sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing starts and stops over the course of the night. The authors encourage seeing a doctor since this sleep behaviour may lead to heart stoppages or other illnesses.

Another notable finding was that drinking alcoholic beverages before sleep was unhealthy for sleep.

Alcohol reduces the body’s ability to get a deep sleep. “Sleep is important to health, and there needs to be greater effort to inform the public regarding this important public health issue,” says study senior investigator Girardin Jean Louis. She further said, “By discussing sleep habits with their patients, doctors can help prevent sleep myths from increasing risks for heart disease, obesity, and diabetes.”

Continue Reading

Health

Kokum, the fat burner right in your backyard

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

Popularly known as Kokum in India, Garcinia Indica has been used for centuries in Asian countries for culinary purposes as a condiment and flavouring agent in place of tamarind or lemon. It’s used for juices, pickles and to add sourness to curries.

The Kokum tree is an evergreen tree predominantly grown in the tropical humid rainforests of Western Ghats. The fruits are green when raw and red to dark purple when ripe. Kokum is widely used as a beverage and has also been used as medicine in Ayurveda.

A myriad of health effects have been attributed to Garcinia, which range from anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory to anti-cancer and digestive benefits. Anti-obesity effects of Garcinia Indica come specifically from its Hydroxycitric Acid content and have been elucidated in several studies. However, there are controversial results regarding its efficacy and safety as an anti-obesity dietary supplement. Despite this, the market is flooded with over-the-counter slimming aids containing Garcinia & HCA.

 

A typical reduction of food appetite has been reported and increased availability of mood enhancing neuro-transmitter Serotonin observed in animal and human studies with Garcinia. Besides this, it helps to enhance fat oxidation and reduces the tendency to store fat. In other words, it suppresses fatty acid synthesis, formation of fat cells, food intake and induces weight loss.

Another useful component of Kokum is Garcinol, which has been found to be neuro-protective, contributing to brain health and preventing dementia and Alzheimer’s.

While it is clear that Kokum has a role to play in weight loss, it must be emphasised that there is no miracle about it. A carefully planned diet and exercise are key to obesity management. Fat burners can only be supportive. The wisdom would be to take any of these in a natural form as food. They must be taken as supplements only under supervision. A glass of Kokum juice is a cooling digestive beverage and certainly needs no prescription.

Continue Reading