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Celebrity Nutritionist Recommends 5 Simple Tips To Manage Diabetes

The Kashmir Monitor

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Diabetes is a chronic condition which affects thousands of people in India. It is a metabolic condition which results in high blood sugar because of inadequate production of insulin or body not responding properly to insulin. Maintaining diabetes is mostly done by eating right and regular exercise. But at times no matter how much you try, managing diabetes and healthy blood sugar levels becomes difficult, and this is mostly because of lack of the right kind of information. Diabetes is often reduced to a blood sugar problem, wherein people constantly focus on regulating blood sugar alone. But there is more to diabetes than blood sugar, and celebrity nutritionist Rujua Diwekar agrees. She shares some easy tips for diabetes on her Facebook and Instagram.

5 easy tips for diabetics to regulate blood sugar levels in a better way:

1. Have a fresh, seasonal fruit at the beginning of the day along with almonds

 

People with diabetes can benefit by starting their day with a fresh and seasonal fruit, or a banana. Doing this is important as one of the worse ways to affect your health is by staying hungry after a night of fasting. Avoid starting your day with a cup of tea or coffee. The best thing to do is allowing your body to stabilise blood sugars for the day by starting it with a fresh fruit or a handful of nuts.

2. Wrap up your lunch between 11 am to 1 pm and include buttermilk in it

Diabetes drugs tend to play havoc with the digestive system. Conditions like constipation and IBS are common among those who have been taking diabetes medicines for too long. Having your lunch at the right time, and including a glass of homemade buttermilk with full fat curd can help in improving digestion. This also helps in improving assimilation of Vitamin D and Vitamin B12, while killing cravings for sugar after the lunch.

3. Include peanuts in your diet

People with diabetes can benefit by including peanuts as a snack in their diet. They can eat peanuts as a snack mid-afternoon or mid-evening. Peanuts are a rich source of amino-acids, vitamins and minerals. A handful of peanuts can be heart healthy and make you feel full for longer. Ditch digestive biscuits which claim to be rich in fibre and switch to peanuts as a healthy snack.

4. You can add 1 tsp of sugar in your tea/coffee. Artificial sweeteners need to be avoided

People with diabetes need to understand that diabetes is much more than a high sugar problem. According to Rujuta, the real danger in case of diabetes is starving cells, along with complications of kidney, heart and neuromuscular issues. Adding 1 tsp of sugar to your tea or coffee is safer and healthier than adding an artificial sweeteners or even stevia – as they have the tendency to increase circulating levels of insulin. This further increases insulin resistance. People with diabetes can have around 2 to 3 cups of tea or coffee in a day – made with full fat milk and cane sugar.

5. Weight train at least 2 times a week

One of the major drivers of insulin resistance is loss of muscular strength. Thus, weight training is extremely important for people with diabetes. Doing strength training with weights can help in reversing diabetes, mentions Rujuta. Exercising regularly can help in reducing dose of medicines among diabetics. She further adds that medical advice is slow as compared to how exercise science helps in managing diabetes. Thus, if your doctor is advising you to go for a walk daily, you are good to go to the gym as well! COURTESY:NDTV


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Health

Hepatitis A Causes and Symptoms

The Kashmir Monitor

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Generally speaking, hepatitis A is more common in parts of the planet that are developing. It’s for the fact that sanitation and food handling practices are by and large poor. However, medical experts say that living in developed countries can also put you at risk of having hepatitis A, but it’s really a rare occurrence.

Just like what’s mentioned earlier, hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus or HAV. It can be spread around by someone who has hepatitis A because he or she is a carrier of the virus behind it. It is said that a person with hepatitis A is most infectious about 2 weeks before he or she begins to experience signs and symptoms.

Here are some of the ways that hepatitis A is spread around:

 

Consumption of food that is prepared by a person who has hepatitis A. This is most especially true if he or she has not properly washed his or her hands.

Drinking of water that is contaminated with the hepatitis A virus.

Intake of raw or undercooked seafood obtained from contaminated water.

Close contact with someone who has hepatitis A. This includes having sexual intercourse with an infected person, especially when the rectal or anal area has been touched with the fingers, mouth or tongue.

Using illegal drugs, especially when paraphernalia contaminated with the hepatitis A virus are used.

Symptoms

Medical experts say that it may take a while before the various signs and symptoms associated with hepatitis A show up. They say that someone may experience them about 4 weeks after getting infected. It’s even possible for someone with hepatitis A to not experience any sign and symptom at all.

Some of the initial signs and symptoms of hepatitis A include:

Tiredness and malaise
Achy muscles and joints
Pain in the upper right section of the abdomen
Loss of appetite
Mild fever
Headaches
Sore throat
Diarrhea or constipation
Hives or raised rash that’s itchy

These initial signs and symptoms associated with hepatitis A can last anywhere from a few days only to a couple of weeks. Afterwards, as the infection of the liver progresses, the following may be experienced by the individual:

Jaundice, which is the yellowing of the skin as well as the whites of the eyes (sclera)

Pale colored stools
Dark colored urine
Skin itching

Tenderness and swelling of the upper right section of the abdomen

Although it rarely happens, hepatitis A can cause liver failure. When such develops, the person who is infected may experience severe vomiting, frequent bruising, bleeding of the nose and gums, drowsiness and confusion.

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Health

Busting myths around blood donation

The Kashmir Monitor

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As per the World Health Organisation (WHO) norms, ideally, one per cent of the total population should regularly donate blood to meet the requirements, which is anywhere between 1% and 3% of country’s population that would require blood in a year.

Contrary to the myth about blood donations making a person weak or anaemic, the body replenishes the lost blood in a matter of a few days, say experts.

“A healthy bone marrow makes a constant supply of red cells, plasma and platelets, so there is no question of becoming weak, much less anaemic. It is a myth and should not deter people from donating blood,” says Dr RK Singal, chairman, internal medicine department, BLK super-speciality Hospital.

 

The donors can give either whole blood or specific blood components, as there is sophisticated equipment available these days that extract relevant components from blood and the rest of the blood can be transfused back to the donor.

As per the World Health Organisation (WHO) norms, ideally, one per cent of the total population should regularly donate blood to meet the requirements, which is anywhere between 1% and 3% of country’s population that would require blood in a year.

About 65% of India’s population is young and if this section donates blood regularly, chances of the country facing blood shortage will be remote. Hence, there is all the more reason for people, especially youngsters, to come forward and be regular blood donors.

How to prepare

Have enough fruit juice and water in the night and morning before you donate

Have a full meal 3 hours before donation; never on an empty stomach

Have some rest for about 10-15 minutes after donation

Have some snacks or a juice with high sugar content after donation

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Erectile dysfunction’s connection with lifestyle

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By Dr Anjani Kumar Agrawal

healthy-lifestyle-can-reverse-effects-of-hypertensionAll over the world, but perhaps more so in India, men are embarrassed to admit that they may have a problem getting or keeping an erection — a condition known as erectile dysfunction (ED).

All over the world, but perhaps more so in India, men are embarrassed to admit that they may have a problem getting or keeping an erection — a condition known as erectile dysfunction (ED). From my research, I have found a strong link between ED and stress. Other major causes include smoking, drinking, diabetes, hypertension or high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. My advice to these patients is — do not get even more stressed over this situation. Instead, focus on taking the right medication and making some changes to your lifestyle, so you can once again enjoy a satisfactory sexual life.

 

DIAGNOSIS OF ED

We normally diagnose ED and its underlying causes by asking the patient a few questions about his medical and sexual history. This is sometimes done by sharing a questionnaire with the patient. The questions that we ask are designed to help us understand the cause of ED in the particular patient.

We also do a physical exam, ask for certain blood tests to rule out other medical conditions responsible for erectile dysfunction, and recommend imaging tests (if required) to determine whether the person is physically able to have an erection or not.

SHORT-TERM SOLUTION, LONG-TERM CURE

Underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia (high cholesterol levels) can cause ED. In these cases, ED can be reversed once the patient starts treatment.

In my experience, many men suffer from ED because of work stress, family pressure and anxiety. So, changes in lifestyle with regular exercise, yoga, abstaining from alcohol and smoking, and proper counselling help in treating ED. Along with this, medicines for ED are usually prescribed for about 3 to 6 months by which time lifestyle changes start to take effect and the patient is physically and mentally healthier, which helps resolve the problem.

An estimated 16% to 25% of men experience ED at some point in their lives. I would urge them not to be embarrassed about it. Seek medical help from a urologist or andrologist; get the necessary advice/medication; and go on to enjoy a healthy, fulfilling sexual life.

The author of this article is Dr Anjani Kumar Agrawal, head, andrology, department of urology sciences, Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket

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