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7 Signs And Symptoms Of Ketosis

The Kashmir Monitor

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Any person who has gone on a weight-loss spree has at least once come across the ketogenic diet. The keto diet is a low-carb diet which focuses on the consumption of proteins and fats and for weight loss. When you cut down on carbs, your body starts using fats and proteins for energy. This way, your body breaks down fat to produce energy. This process is known as ketosis. However, some people do not lower their carb intake as much as required. Due to this, the body does not go into ketosis. It is anyway not easy to know if your body has gone into ketosis or not. When in ketosis, your body shows some signs and symptoms, which, it may not show usually. If you have been looking for an explanation of these signs and symptoms, you just checked into the right place!
Here’s a list of 7 important signs and symptoms of ketosis you must be aware of. Take note.
1. Bad breath
When your body falls short of carbs, it uses fats and proteins as a fuel for the body. When fats and proteins are broken down, they produce a byproduct known as a ketone. Your body has four mechanisms of removing these byproducts, through sweat, pee, poop or your breath. Majorly, these ketones are likely to give you a bad breath. It gives you an acetone-like breath which is quite unpleasant. It is a typical sign that your body has gone into ketosis.
2. Reduced hunger
If your body has gone into ketosis, you are likely to feel less hungry. This happens due to increased protein and fat intake. These macronutrients suppress hunger and cut down on your overall calorie intake.
3. Weight loss
Weight loss is what you are aiming for when on a ketogenic diet and when it happens, it means that your body has in fact gone into ketosis. In the first week, you will experience drastic weight loss, which in fact is stored water and carbs being used up. So it is actually water weight loss instead of fat weight loss. This diet, through ketosis, helps you achieve both short term and long term weight loss.
4. Insomnia
In the initial few weeks, going on a ketogenic diet can hamper your quality of sleep. You will either find it too hard to go to sleep or will wake up every now and then. This happens due to drastic shortage of carbs in the body. It is one of the important symptoms of ketosis. However, this improves in a couple of weeks. Those who continue this in the long run also say that they sleep much better after adopting the ketogenic diet.
5. Short term exhaustion
Carbs are the main fuel of your body. So when you give up on them all of a sudden, you are likely to feel exhausted for the initial few days. You start to feel tired most of the time and this decreases the efficiency of your workouts as well. After a couple of weeks, this gets better and you start to feel energetic again. If you are going through this phase, it means that your body has gone into ketosis. Due to this, you start burning fat at a faster rate.
6. Digestive distress
Most of the high-carb foods are a good source of fibre. So when you go low-carb, your source of fibre is lost. Therefore, in the initial few days, you may experience constipation. To make up for your fibre requirements, you can eat low-carb vegetables with good fibre content like broccoli, bell peppers, asparagus, mushrooms, etc.
7. Improved focus and energy
When your body goes into ketosis, it provides your brain with an endless supply of fuel known as ketones. This fuel allows your brain to be focused and it keeps your body energized as well.


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Health

The Perfect Guide To Take Care Of Your Arthritic Knee

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A certain nip in the air, frequent urge for a steaming cup of tea and an endearing love for sleeping a little longer inside the snuggly quilt is back. The season of blankets, warmers and soups is here! While it brings with itself festive spirit and joy, it is dreaded by the elderly and arthritis patients for it increases their difficulty. With a dip in the mercury, many patients experience increased knee pain, stiffness and unease due to restricted bodily circulations and elasticity of soft tissues caused by atmospheric pressure. Often mistaken as age-related wear and tear or seasonal change, it could be potential signs of arthritis inflammation of the joints and seek medical intervention

Timely clinical advice and necessary precautions can go a long way in managing this pain that aggravates with the onset of winter. It can be addressed by making certain lifestyle changes.

“People tend to become lazy in winters. This can impact the knees and increase the level of pain in cases where people are already undergoing arthritis treatment.A regular 30-minute workout can help lubricate the joints and stimulate blood circulation in the body,” stressed Dr. Dhananjay Gupta, Fortis Hospital, New Delhi.

 

“Staying active is the key to strengthen the muscles supporting the joint, thereby helping in improved joint function. Along with exercises, staying hydrated can control wear and tear of joints,” he added.

For those suffering from chronic knee pain or knee arthritis, the cold can be worse for the joints. But, if the pain is acute and knee arthritis is in the chronic or degenerative stage, one can consider Total Knee Replacement (TKR) therapy.

Sharing his take on the effectiveness of the therapy, Dr.Gupta shared, “When all the alternate treatments such as medications, arthroscopic interventions fail to provide relief to the patients, a TKR therapy is advised. It is the last option for treating severely impaired knees and is one of the safest orthopedic procedures.By replacing a diseased knee cap with a sturdy implant, it not only helps relieve pain, restores knee function but also improves the individual’s quality of life significantly. With a strict physiotherapy routine, a patient can be completely mobile within 6 weeks of the procedure.”

Take precautionary measures. Sometimes, patients who have sought clinical advice or had a knee surgery in the past, experience pain during winters. A visit to the doctor will help you understand the symptoms better. The medical expert will analyse your medical profile and prescribe precautions accordingly- workouts, physiotherapy, proper diet, supplements etc. to strengthen bones during winters.An active lifestyle can keep joint pain away, especially for arthritis patients. Don’t let the cold wave outdoor deter you from exercise. Push yourself to take small walk breaks at work or while lounging around at home to keep your weight under control.There is nothing that heals the joints like Vitamin D does. Get as much sun as possible to fuel aching joints. And regulate your diet with nutritious and vitamin rich foods such as orange, spinach, broccoli, dairy products and dry fruits.A knee joint takes maximum stress than any other joint, so instead of wearing heavy sweaters and cardigans that can add up to your body weight chose layering of light yet warm clothes.Joint movement improves blood circulation to its peripheral areas leading to reduced stiffness. So, move out of your blankets to stretch and move around a little.

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Health

Eat more dietary fibre to lower risk of non-communicable diseases

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Here’s another reason why you should increase your consumption of dietary fibre!

According to a recent study, high intake of dietary fibre and whole grains is linked to reduced risk of non-communicable diseases as compared to people who eat lesser amounts.

Fibre rich fruits include bananas, oranges, apples, mangoes, strawberries, raspberries, while beans, legumes or darker coloured vegetables too have high-fibre content.

 

Furthermore, whole grain breads or nuts like almonds, pistachios or pumpkin and sunflower seeds too have a high-fibre content in them.

The findings appear in the journal The Lancet.

Observational studies and clinical trials conducted over nearly 40 years reveal the health benefits of eating at least 25g to 29g or more of dietary fibre a day, according to a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

The results suggest a 15-30 per cent decrease in all-cause and cardiovascular related mortality when comparing people who eat the highest amount of fibre to those who eat the least. Eating fibre-rich foods also reduced incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer by 16-24 per cent.

In addition, a meta-analysis of clinical trials suggested that increasing fibre intakes was associated with lower bodyweight and cholesterol, compared with lower intakes.

The study was commissioned by the World Health Organisation to inform the development of new recommendations for optimal daily fibre intake and to determine which types of carbohydrate provide the best protection against non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and weight gain.

Speaking about it, Professor Jim Mann, corresponding author at the University of Otago, New Zealand said, “Our findings provide convincing evidence for nutrition guidelines to focus on increasing dietary fibre and on replacing refined grains with whole grains. This reduces incidence risk and mortality from a broad range of important diseases.”

The study also found that diets with a low glycaemic index and low glycaemic load provided limited support for protection against type 2 diabetes and stroke only.
Foods with a low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load may also contain added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. This may account for the links to health being less clear.

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Health

Researchers study patterns of back pain

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Researchers have examined the patterns of back pain over time and patient characteristics in relation to the disability.

In addition, they have identified the extent of healthcare and medication use (including opioids) associated with different patterns.

Back pain is among the most frequently reported health problems in the world.

 

For the study, researchers from the University Health Network’s Krembil Research Institute in Toronto, Canada studied 12,782 participants for 16 years.

They provided data on factors including comorbidities, pain, disability, opioid and other medication use, and healthcare visits.

The results showed that almost half (45.6 per cent) of the participants reported back pain at least once.

The study included four groups of pain: persistent (18 per cent), developing (28.1 per cent), recovery (20.5 per cent), and occasional (33.4 per cent).

The findings, published in Arthritis Care and Research, showed that the persistent and developing groups tended to have more pain and disability, as well as more healthcare visits and medication use than those in the recovery and occasional trajectory groups.

In addition, the recovery trajectory group increased the use of opioids and antidepressants over time.

“The good news is that one in five people with back pain recovered. However, they continued to use opioids and antidepressants, suggesting that people recovering from back pain need ongoing monitoring,” said lead author Mayilee Canizares, postdoctoral candidate from the varsity.

The bad news is that one in five experienced persistent back pain, said Canizares.

People with back pain are a heterogeneous group that may benefit from different approaches to management rather than a traditional one size fits all approach.The distinct groups identified in the study may represent opportunities for more individualised treatment and preventative strategies, Canizares noted.

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