Kidneys are one of the most vital organs of the human body. Located at the back of the abdominal cavity, they perform two essential functions: to flush out the harmful toxics out of the human body and to maintain levels of water, other fluids, chemical and mineral. Kidneys filter, reabsorb, secrete and excrete the blood supplied to it, with the final product as urine. For a healthy life, one must have properly functioning kidneys. Humans consume various food items every day, which are then converted into energy; this process also manufactures by-products in the form of toxins which can be dangerous. Accumulation of such poisonous substances can be hazardous for the human body. Lack of water in the body can lead to formation of kidney stones. These stones can either be pea sized or as huge as a golf ball. They are usually made of calcium oxalate and some other compounds and have a crystalline structure. The formation of kidney stones can create trouble in urination accompanied with weight loss, fever, nausea, hematuria and acute pain in lower abdominal region. Kidney stones are mostly removed by surgery. But there are some effective and natural ways which you can try at home to get kidney stones out from your system. Keep reading to know them…
Following are some ways to remove kidney stones without a surgery:
1. Drink lots of water
Water is considered the elixir of life. It helps in maintaining hydration levels. Water helps kidneys to dissolve minerals and nutrients, and speeds up the process of digestion and absorption. Water helps flushing out unnecessary toxics from the body which might cause further harm to the kidneys. People who have kidney stones should consume lots of water to flush out these stones through urine. Generally, it is advised to drink 7-8 glasses of water a day.
2. Lemon juice and olive oil
The concoction of lemon juice and olive oil might sound a little weird but it is a very effective home remedy to get kidney stones out of your system. People who want to naturally remove the stones from their kidneys should drink this liquid daily till the stones are removed. While lemon juice helps in breaking kidney stones, olive oil acts as a lubricant for them to pass through the system without any problem or irritation.
3. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar contains citric acid which is said to aid the process of breaking down and dissolving kidney stones into tiny particles. It helps in easing kidney stone removal through urethra. Consumption of apple cider vinegar helps in flushing out toxins and cleaning kidneys as well. Two tbsp of ACV can be taken with warm water daily till the stones are completely removed from the kidneys.
Pomegranate is infused with many nutrients and it is an extremely healthy fruit. Pomegranate juice is one of the best natural drinks that can help in keeping body hydrated. It helps in removing kidney stones naturally. It contains good antioxidants which help in boosting immune system.
5. Corn hair or Corn silk
Corn hair or corn silk is found in the husk of corns and is usually discarded. But did you know that it is extremely efficient in terms of getting kidney stones out of the system. Corn hair can be boiled with water and strained later on to be consumed. It also prevents formation of new stones and is a diuretic which increases the flow of urine. Corn hair also helps in easing the pain that is accompanied with kidney stones.
Health Problems from Wearing Heels
Heels are one of those great inventions that make anything look fabulous, but is a torture device at the same time. Podiatrist have a distinct hatred for heels and the health problems it brings to the wearer. We wear heels as part of our professional attire or for fashion, but at the end of the day we all slump up on our sofa saying “my feet is killing me”. Who knows why we still allow ourselves to go through this torture, but wearing heels does make you feel a little bit more powerful.
Human feet are not designed to wear heels all the time. Our feet are designed at a 90 degree angle to fully support our frame, altering it to a 60 or 45 degree angle will alter the foot function and position causing health problems. Below are some of the health problems you will encounter from wearing heels overtime.
Heels will increase the pressure on your forefoot and making you adjust your posture to maintain balance. Your lower body will tend to lean forward as your lower body leans backward. Long period of keeping this position will affect the posture.
The back and spine have a normal S- curve that helps absorb shock and lessen pressure on the spine. Wearing heels will flatten this structure and alter the body’s positioning. This poor alignment will cause you to use more muscles, causing muscle pain and back pain. Posterior displacement can be fixed with the help of a medical professional.
Toe Pain and Ankle Pain
Wearing heels will increase the pressure that your toes and ankle face. Trying to balance out your body structure while wearing heels can wear down the joints in your ankles and cause muscles inflammation and calluses on the feet and toes.
Corns and Keratin Build-up
Corns and Keratin build-up will start to appear on the feet due to the pressure on the skin. Corn usually appears under the balls of the foot where most of the weight is pressed down. This corns will feel like small rocks and can cause discomfort.
Pinched nerves or neuromas can cause mild to severe pain to wearers in the future, leaving it untreated can cause severe damage in the future.
Crack on the Bones
Wearing heels for a long period of time will result in cracks in the bones of the feet and stress fractures.
Choose low heels that have a slightly thicker heel. This will allow more balance and spread the pressure on your feet.
Wear soft insoles. Wear rubber soled shoes instead of leather, this will absorb pressure better.
Wear heels when there is limited standing or walking. Bring flat shoes when commuting or walking for a long period of time.
Stretch every day, especially leg and calf stretches in the morning and at night.
Take in calcium supplements to make the bones stronger.
Wear heels are seldom as possible.
Obesity can impair learning, memory: Study
Obesity can break down our protective blood brain barrier resulting in problems with learning and memory, a study has found. Chronic activation of the receptor Adora2a on the endothelial cells that line this important barrier in our brain can let factors from the blood enter the brain and affect the function of our neurons, scientists said.
The team from Augusta University in the US have shown that when they block Adora2a in a model of diet-induced obesity, this important barrier function is maintained. “We know that obesity and insulin resistance break down the blood brain barrier in humans and animal models, but exactly how has remained a mystery,” said Alexis M Stranahan, neuroscientist at Augusta University and corresponding author of the study published in The Journal of Neuroscience.
In the brain, adenosine is a neurotransmitter that helps us sleep and helps regulate our blood pressure; in the body it’s also a component of the cell fuel adenosine triphosphate, or ATP.Adenosine also activates receptors Adora1a and Adora2a on endothelial cells, which normally supports healthy relationships between brain activity and blood flow.
Problems arise with chronic activation, particularly in the brain, which is what happens with obesity, Stranahan said in a statement. People who have obesity and diabetes have higher rates of cognitive impairment as they age and most of the related structural changes are in the hippocampus, a centre of learning and memory.Fat is a source of inflammation and there is evidence that reducing chronic inflammation in the brain helps prevent obesity-related memory loss.
For the study, young mice fed a high-fat diet got fat within two weeks, and by 16 weeks they had increases in fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, all signs that diabetes is in their future. In the minute vasculature of the hippocampus, the researchers saw that obesity first increased permeability of the blood brain barrier to tiny molecules like fluorophore sodium fluorescein, or NaFl. Diet-induced insulin resistance heightened that permeability so that a larger molecule, Evans Blue, which has a high affinity for serum albumin, the most abundant protein in blood, also could get through.
When they looked with electron microscopy, they saw a changed landscape. Resulting diabetes promoted shrinkage of the usually tight junctions between endothelial cells and actual holes in those cells. When they gave a drug to temporarily block Adora2a, it also blocked problems with barrier permeability. Whether that could work in humans and long term as a way to avoid cognitive decline in obese humans, remains to be seen, Stranahan said.
‘Love hormone’ may help treat alcoholism, says study
A nasal spray of ‘love hormone’ oxytocin may help treat alcohol use disorder, according to a study conducted in mice.
Oxytocin plays a role in social bonding, sexual reproduction, childbirth, and the period after childbirth.
The study, published in the journal PLOS Biology, found that oxytocin blocks enhanced drinking in alcohol-dependent rats.
Targeting the oxytocin system may provide novel pharmaceutical interventions for the treatment of alcohol-use disorder, said researchers from the National Institutes of Health and The Scripps Research Institute in the US.
Administering oxytocin can decrease consumption, withdrawal symptoms, and drug-seeking behaviour associated with several drugs of abuse, researchers said in a statement.
This shows promise as a pharmacological approach to treat drug addiction, they said.
Researchers tested the hypothesis that oxytocin administration could normalise the maladaptive brain changes that occur in alcohol dependence and thereby reduce alcohol drinking in an established rat model of alcohol dependence.
They investigated oxytocin’s effects on dependence-induced alcohol consumption and altered signalling of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA in the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) – a key brain region in the network affected by alcohol dependence.
The experiments demonstrated that oxytocin administered systemically, intranasally or into the brain blocked excess drinking in alcohol-dependent but not in normal rats.
Moreover, oxytocin blocked GABA signalling in the CeA, researchers said.
Taken together, these results provide evidence that oxytocin likely blocks enhanced drinking by altering CeA GABA transmission.
These results provide evidence that aberrations in the oxytocin system may underlie alcohol use disorder, researchers said.
Targeting this system, possibly by intranasal administration, could prove a promising therapy in people who misuse alcohol, they said.
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