Connect with us

Opinion

Playing the anti-Nawaz Sharif game

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

🕒

on

IST

By S. Akbar Zaidi

Next week, Pakistanis are expected to vote in the country’s eleventh general election, the first having been conducted in 1970. Of the previous 10, apart from the first one in 1970, and the last one in 2013, the general consensus among social scientists and political analysts has been that all the elections, in some small or significant manner, have been unfree, unfair, non-transparent, and manipulated in some form or the other.
Not surprisingly, given Pakistan’s political economy and the hegemonic power and often control of the military and its many clandestine agencies over civilian arenas, it has been the military which has been responsible for manipulating and rigging elections. Three of the last 10 elections were held when a military dictator was in power. Of them, two were held when the army chief was also President of Pakistan and determining who could or could not contest the elections and setting his own rules for participation. The four elections between 1988 and 1997 were all controlled and manipulated by the establishment, constituting the military, bureaucracy, and a pliant judiciary which sat in silence as such acts were committed. Political actors and parties were also to blame in the late 1980s and the lost decade of the 1990s, when both the Prime Ministers who were elected twice were complicit in bringing down the other’s government while in opposition.
All signs suggest that the elections next week are going to be thoroughly rigged, to whatever extent possible, through the connivance of the military and the judiciary in order to ensure a result which works in the best interests of the military and institutions which support its dominance. We can expect a hung parliament, with numerous candidates eager to fall in line with whoever is permitted to form the government. While the military and its institutions may not be able to stuff ballot boxes, which still happens in some countries, enough prepoll rigging has already taken place to ensure that the military gets its preferred prime ministerial candidate elected. This has ensured that primarily one individual and his party do not gain enough seats to form the government on their own. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf chief Imran Khan is the military’s favoured potential candidate. He is eager and willing, if not just desperate, to be subservient to whatever interests and guarantees the military will demand.
Much of the political engineering and pre-poll rigging started early, in June last year, when the then Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif, was disbarred from holding any public office and was removed from the office to which he was elected in 2013. While it was the judiciary which disqualified him, most lawyers bemoaned the fact that the case against Mr. Sharif was extremely weak and may have had the blessings of the military. After being removed from office, quite unexpectedly, the government of Mr. Sharif’s party, the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), managed the transition to a new Prime Minister very smoothly, and was able to govern effectively. Despite Mr. Sharif’s dismissal, there was wide agreement then that his party would be re-elected in 2018. Just disqualifying him was not enough. So in April this year, the Supreme Court gave its judgment that Mr. Sharif was now barred for life from holding any public office. This was done in the hope that he would be made completely irrelevant to the electoral equation.
As elections approached and potential candidates announced that they would contest, numerous candidates were pressured to change political parties or dump Mr. Sharif and his party. Again, there was some evidence that the pressure was coming from the military, which wanted to cut down the PML(N) to a size which it could manage and manipulate. Along with such measures, the Pakistani press has been gagged, with the two most popular media houses, the Jang Group and Dawn, censored and censured. This has been done to an extent where editors have said that such censorship in Pakistan today is “worse than it was under martial law”. Editors and journalists have made it public that they were told, in no uncertain terms, that they should cut down their coverage of Mr. Sharif and his jalsas, and promote Mr. Khan and his campaign.
Despite these manoeuvres often packaged with threats, the PML (N) and Mr. Sharif continued to be popular. The former Prime Minister would have certainly lost possible allies, but all independent reports continued to give a majority to the PML(N), albeit much smaller than a year ago. The latest twist in this anti-PML (N) and anti-Nawaz Sharif game played by the military and judiciary came around last week when Mr. Sharif was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in a case against him. Again, many prominent lawyers have questioned the basis of such a whimsical judgment, saying that it shows a clear bias against Mr. Sharif. The assumption was that since Mr. Sharif was in London visiting his ill wife, he would prefer asylum or exile and become an absconder from the courts, much like former President of Pakistan, General (retd.) Pervez Musharraf. Being a political man, Mr. Sharif made the bold decision to return to Lahore along with his daughter, Maryam, who has also been sentenced to seven years, and court arrest a mere 12 days before the elections. Just this one move by the former Prime Minister outwitted the military and judiciary at their own game.
Today, Mr. Sharif and his daughter are in jail, commencing possibly long prison terms. Yet, by returning in the face of a future foretold, Mr. Sharif has gained much sympathy, support and respect among the general public. He is being considered brave and principled, despite the fact that he was found by the courts to have been ‘corrupt’. This is no longer about a sense of martyrdom, which played out well before the jail sentence after he was removed from office, but high politics, about being made an example of, demanding greater democratisation. Most importantly, Mr. Sharif has been brave enough to name high-ranking generals in the Inter-Services Intelligence for their active role in rigging the current electoral process. For the first time, a political leader from the heartland of the Punjab is challenging the dominant and most powerful institution from there.
Given an overtly dominant military, Pakistan’s democratic evolution has been slow. All signs that a mature democratic transition would have taken place from 2008 have been proven to be overly optimistic, and the military with its new-found friend and ally, the superior judiciary, has hit back hard. Yet, one must also emphasise that history is not repeating itself with every politician playing into the hands of the military as they did in the past. Even if its candidate is crowned Prime Minister in the coming weeks, the military has unintentionally strengthened the process of democratisation in Pakistan.
(S. Akbar Zaidi is a political economist based in Karachi. He teaches at Columbia University in New York, and at the IBA in Karachi. This article first appeared in The Hindu)

 

The Kashmir Monitor is the fastest growing newspaper as well as digitial platform covering news from all angles.

Advertisement
Loading...
Comments

Opinion

Easter Sunday Massacre in Sri Lanka

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

By Lukman Harees

What happened in Sri Lanka on this black Easter Sunday, in a series of well-orchestrated and coordinated terror attacks on churches and other locations, is an unforgivable and brutal tragedy of catastrophic proportions. A deadly wave of suicide bombings ripped through many churches and few leading hotels in the capital Colombo, as well as in many other parts of the country, making, an otherwise serene, ‘Easter Sunday’ the darkest day in recent history. At least 290 people were reported killed, with 500 injured in this dastardly terror attack. The spate of senseless killings and terror attacks on innocent civilians, on a day when Christians were engaged in reflection and prayer, deserves severe condemnation by people of all faiths, which brought back ugly memories of the bloody chapter of an inhumane war which engulfed Sri Lanka for over three decades in its recent history. It is the height of depravity to target worshippers on their holiest days, proving that terrorists have no race or religion, and that perpetrators of these terror attacks speak for no one but themselves.

The Easter Sunday massacre was certainly a shocking tragedy. Sri Lanka appears to be heading towards another chapter of terror and violence after a period of relative peace and calmness since the end of a bloody war in 2009. However, what causes much concern and fear is that the potency of terror lies not in the act but in the aftermath. The act is death and destruction, horrendous in itself. The response is what gives it political traction. All that the terrorists want is the oxygen of publicity and for the nation to go berserk, declare emergencies, tear up freedoms, and organise attacks on the people at the grass-root levels who have nothing to do with the massacre, thus, creating mayhem in the already wounded nation by the scars of war. By capitulating to these desires, the country would vastly increase the power of terror – and the likelihood of imitation.

 

The government has imposed a state of emergency and a curfew to maintain law and order, as well as to prevent communal tensions, as there are fears that the Easter Sunday bombings could spark fresh sectarian violence. The state of emergency will grant police and the military extensive powers to detain and interrogate without court orders and was in force at various times during the civil war that raged from 1983 to 2009. As well as this, there are bans placed upon social media to prevent any dissemination of conspiracy theories and misinformation. Still, the government and intelligence services are being blamed for ignoring many prior warnings regarding preparations for an operation of this magnitude. One of the local militant groups immediately accused of orchestrating the massacre was National ThowheedJama’ath (NTJ), which was reportedly warned of by local Muslims, according to a top Sri Lankan police officer.

However, the more worrying aspect is rather the very nature, patterns, timing, planning, and execution of these despicable attacks. They clearly show tell-tale signs of a greater machination at work beyond mere cat’s paw involvement, aimed at creating further mayhem and disharmony among people who are recovering from the wounds of war and post-war communal violence. There are many factors which cause concern: the fact that many churches and members of one religious group were targeted; the manner in which the attacks had been orchestrated simultaneously across Sri Lanka (the level of ‘sophistication’ of which was not seen even in the days of the ruthless Tamil Tigers); and the targeting of leading tourist hotels in the capital. They bear the hallmarks of expertise and professionalism, perhaps with international affiliations and a vested political and economic agenda, rather than the work of ordinary lone wolves, psychopaths, or a small hate group; which raises much suspicion about the possibilities of many ‘outside’ interests.

‘Terrorism’ is far from a new phenomenon – neither in Sri Lanka nor elsewhere in the world. ‘Terrorism’ is nothing but the random murder of defenceless non-combatants, with the intent of instilling fear of mortal danger amidst a civilian population as a strategy designed to advance political ends. A philosopher Ted Honderich, in his controversial book ‘After the Terror’, says, “their (victims) deaths were not the first intention of their killers, but necessary in the carrying out of another intention, a justified one. Their very first intention may indeed be, achieving their political ends.” Thus, there is no doubt that terrorism, as Honderich suggests, is a subset of politically motivated violence that falls short of conventional war, and is both internationally illegal and, to say the least, morally questionable. It is, therefore, not possible to discount the possibility of political scheming too in carrying out this despicable Easter Sunday massacre, in order to gain narrow political ends and stay in power, especially when talks of another round of elections are in the air.

In the backdrop of these untoward developments, Muslims of Sri Lanka, who have also been regular victims of terror in the post-war period, are now in a renewed state of fear and insecurity. With media sensationalism playing both locally and globally—borrowing ideas from a powerful Islamophobia industry—the emerging situation shows signs of a social volcano waiting to erupt. It is too early to find out the intricate details of what led to this shameful chapter in the history of this Island, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean. However, in this confusing scenario, the peaceful mainstream Muslims now wake up to the reality that it is imperative, even belatedly, that they stand up to and confront the evil of a small fringe group amongst them. For the moment, both Muslims in Sri Lanka, as well as Muslim diaspora groups worldwide, are expressing their solidarity and offering support with their grieving Christian neighbours and other victims of this tragedy. This is undoubtedly the most challenging chapter in Sri Lanka’s recent history, and there is now an increase of public activism Sri Lanka, which asks the country’s political and religious leaders to follow the example of New Zealand Prime Minster Arden, whose calmness, compassion, and tough leadership style were praised by observers in the wake of the worst mass killing in her country’s modern history.Something must also be said about the stark contrast between the global reaction to the destruction of symbols of European Christianity in the form of the Notre Dame fire and the destruction of non-European dark-skinned Christian bodies and lives. Let this be food for thought.

Sri Lanka will have to figure out how to move forward so that events like this one do not recur. Things like ‘terrorism’ are complex issues of our time, and as other countries around the world have seen, they lack clear solutions: gun bans do not end violence; cracking down on social media does little to deter racism or hatred, and stigmatisation and demonising communities do not work. On the contrary, it is a concerted plan of action and public activism, across racial or religious divides that is needed. They will do the right things: avoid emotional outbursts, ensure people are alert to the evil elements amongst them, expose this evil, and forge unity among people to confront it, all whilst ensuring common values of humanity are protected at all costs. For the mainstream Muslims of Sri Lanka showing solidarity and resoluteness in healing the scars of the wounded nation, the foremost challenge is to project the real message of Islam in the public domain, confronting false propaganda media narratives from the clutches of radical and ‘extremist’ elements. As MuizBukhary, a well-known Sri Lankan scholar, says: “we need to work hard to put things right”.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Faith and Enlightenment Should Go Hand In Hand

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

By Zafar Aziz Chaudhry

In the early part of this month, during my sojourn to the Holy Land, the question which perplexed me most was whether there was a real connection between enlightenment and faith, and whether in their genesis these two are all-embracing or mutually exclusive. My deep reflections on various texts of the Holy Quran, and some references gathered from history did reaffirm my belief that they are mutually inclusive and do not conflict with each other. In fact for the future survival of Muslim nations with grace and dignity in competition with the rest of the world, it should be clearly understood that there is no schism between these two concepts. Rather an enlightened world-view is likely to rub off the accumulated centuries-old rust on the other-wise pristine fabric of Islam.

The European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasized reason and individualism rather than tradition. It was heavily influenced by philosophers such as Descartes, Locke, and Newton, and its prominent figures included Kant, Goethe, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Adam Smith. It was a revolt against Man’s self-imposed tendency not to use his own understanding and only to follow tradition. It stressed reason, logic, criticism, and freedom of thought over dogma, blind faith, and superstition. In a broader sense, Enlightenment applied scientific reasoning to politics, science, and religion. Its followers were typically humanists who supported equality and human dignity, and it is wrong to suppose that enlightenment is in any manner opposed to religion. On the other hand, it acts as a bulwark against superstition, intolerance, and bigotry which have brought bad name to religions.

 

Despite their different approaches, science and religion are also complementary. It is said that science can help you diagnose and treat your cancer, but it cannot touch the despair and dismay and terror you feel when you get the diagnosis, nor can it help you to die well. For that people turn to religion, which answers the deeper questions of our human predicament.

The survival of religion in the 21st century, according to Karen Armstrong, largely depends on its capacity to create compassion for the fellow human beings which is the ultimate object of religion.

But unfortunately religion is mostly misunderstood in our time due to our inability to take historical perspective of the social, cultural, intellectual, and emotional settings that shaped people’s lives and actions in the past. Such an understanding which is often termed as “historical empathy” helps us to understand the vast differences between us in the present and those in the past. Compassion also teaches us to transcend our limited world-view and place ourselves in the cultural and social environments of the past.

The Holy Prophet by his conduct and precepts has been admittedly one of the greatest and most influential personages in history and we Muslims believe that the Holy Quran, his revealed message to humanity, is a marvel of wisdom for the mankind. But the fate of Muslims everywhere is most pathetic, the responsibility for which can be traced in Islamic history.

The first shock after the death of the Holy Prophet on the question of his succession resulted in the tragic split between the Sunnies and Shias which also in due course divided the Islamic countries into two blocks.. The next significant setback which reversed the Islamic clock occurred during the Abbasid period when philosophers like al-Ghazali (1058-1111 AD) fiercely opposed the Mu’tazilites practice of subjecting Islamic theology to rationalism which led the Abbasids to ban the Mu’tazilites. Islam’s vitality and appeal was gravely affected by the resurgence of literalist interpretations of Sharia (that treats man-made laws as divine) and the worsening of sectarian cleavages within Islam which has set in motion a perpetual cycle of violence that directly endangers the lives of ordinary Muslims everywhere.

Within a century of Holy Prophet’s death his followers had built an empire that stretched from Spanish Europe to Central Asia. The Rashidin caliphate can be credited for military expansion, but It was not until the Umayyad Dynasty-from 661 to 750-that Islamic and Arabic culture began to truly spread. The Abbasid Dynasty-from 750 to 1258-intensified and solidified these cultural changes.

The Golden period of knowledge in Islam began during the reign of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (786 to 809) when he invited scholars from various parts of the world with different cultural backgrounds and mandated them to gather and translate all of the world’s classical knowledge into the Arabic language. This resulted into an astonishing growth of philosophers and scientists such as IbneRushd (translated Aristotle, and wrote books on Islamic jurisprudence) Al-Kindi (discovered rules of astronomy and optics) Khwarizmi (Father of Algebra and mathematics) IbneSina (Father of Medicine, astronomy and Logic) who ushered in a golden era of knowledge.

Ironically the dark age of Europe coincided with golden age of Islam. But it was the most tragic turn in the history of Islam that the fruits of hard labours of these philosophers and scientists could not reach the Islamic society because of the opposition to rational thought by the jurists and clergymen of the day and lack of wisdom and vision of their rulers who opposed a rational underpinning of Islam – analogous to St. Thomas Aquinas who lent rationality to Christianity in the Middle Ages. The theologians like Al-Ghazali and IbneTaimiyya refused to accept scientific change and discoveries and forced the Khalifa to ban Mu’tazilites who were advocates of rational thought. It was contrary to the teachings of the Quran and precepts of the Holy Prophet who had made no such restrictions on the acquisition of knowledge. According to the saying of the Prophet, Muslims were to seek knowledge even if they had to go to China.

The Islamic state also failed to patronize these polymaths by refusing them enough funds for their research etc under fear of reaction from the reactionary forces. But most importantly, contrary to the injunctions of the Holy Quran, the local jurists divided the concept of knowledge into two broad and disjunctive categories as “Ilm Ad-Din” (= religious knowledge) and “Ilm Ad-Dunya” (= worldly knowledge). Neither in the Quran nor in the authentic books of Hadith was there any such division allowed in the acquisition of knowledge. Islamic sources declare knowledge as an indivisible whole.

The Golden period of spread of knowledge ended with the collapse of the Abbasid caliphate due to Mongol invasions and the Siege of Baghdad in 1258 AD.

Even during the Ottoman Empire, nothing was done for promotion and development of science and technology, perhaps because the Emperors thought that it would be a threat to the opulence of the monarchs. On the other hand, a blunder was done through a wretched Fatwa, which banned the printing press in the Empire which remained in force for over 200 years. This left Islamic world in the dark when West sailed away with renaissance and enlightenment.

Thus there are enough grounds to believe that for the survival of Islamic civilization, faith and enlightenment should go hand in hand.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Losing Hope in God’s Mercy

The Kashmir Monitor

Published

on

By Ejaz Naqvi

Ever since I was a child, I used to hear the sermons trying to instill the ‘fear of God’ in me, whereby the Imams will warn us to be straight or else! Decades later, as I started to study the Qur’an myself, the kind and forgiving nature of God became so apparent making me wonder why the focus of the clerics was so much on the wrath of God.

I would hear multiple times ‘the correct way’ to greet, the correct way to bathe, the correct way to step into the bathroom, the correct way to enter the mosque, the correct way to offer Salat and fast and so on. If I didn’t, I was risking having all my good deeds deleted. If I erred a little, I would face the anger of God. The “right path” was so narrow that it would be impossible not to stumble and fall out of the mercy of God.

 

It is true that the Qur’an is full of warnings for the wrongdoers. But it is also full of the good news. In fact the prophets, including Prophet Muhammad, are often referred to as Basheer (bearer of good news) and Nazeer (the warners). For some reason, the clerics got stuck mostly on the Nazeer part.

Growing up, I thought I would never ever be able to make it and be on the good side of the Lord. No matter how hard I worked, if I stumbled a little, all my good deeds would be washed away. It was as if God had his finger on the ‘delete’ button and ever so ready to use it. The truth is that He does have his finger on the ‘delete button’, but it is our sins and wrong actions that He is so willing to delete!

To be perfectly honest, I still don’t know if ‘I made it’. Only God knows that. Only God is the Judge.

However, I am actually much more hopeful of God’s mercy. I realize the most commonly repeated attributes of God in the Qur’an are Rehmaan (the Most Gracious) and Raheem (the Most Merciful).

And in terms of God deleting the good deeds, the fact is that the Qur’an is full of passages on God’s Mercy and His Forgiveness. This verse says it all.

Say: “O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 39:53

We tend to forget that in Islam, one of the biggest sins is to lose hope in God’s mercy! The exegetist differs in their opinion if this verse was revealed in reference to a particular group of Muslims or a larger group or the entire humanity. Many do believe it is addressed to all ‘servants’ and all humans are considered His servants.

And whoever does evil or acts unjustly to his soul, then ask forgiveness of Allah, he shall find Allah Forgiving, Merciful. 4:110

There are other passages that clearly state that everyone will be rewarded for even an atom’s worth of good deed.

‘Acting unjustly to his own soul’ or ‘transgressed against their souls’ refers to the fact that if we do wrong, we only hurt ourselves.

One way I look at the Qur’an is that it gives us plenty of information and education on the consequences of breaking the law, as well as obeying the law.

I realize the Day of Judgment is also called the Day of Reckoning (Yaum e Hissab), so I am accountable for my actions (and inactions). It is also very true that the Qur’an’s description of the punishment for the wrongdoers and deniers of God’s signs is rather graphic but its description of the reward and mercy for those who believe AND do good work is also repetitive and I would argue more prevalent. The Qur’an acknowledges that humans are not angels and that we are prone to sin, and therefore calls for us to repent and ask for forgiveness. The greatest sin in Islam is considered to be associating partners with God. That sin cannot be forgiven, except when one repents.

Surely God does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with God, he devises indeed a great sin. 4:48

Many of the ’99 Names of God’ refer to His forgiveness.

Al-Wadud: The Loving One
Al-Ghaffar: The Forgiving
Al-Ghafur: The Forgiver and the Hider of Faults
Al-Afu: The Forgiver- this refers to forgiving as in ‘rubbing off’ or in deletion of sins as if they never occurred!

Al-Rau’f: The Clement (Lenient)/Kind

Like the Qur’an, the Old Testament is also sometimes viewed as a bearer of a wrathful God, ready to set everything ablaze. But it too makes many references to God’s forgiveness and mercy.

Then the Lord passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in loving kindness and truth; who keeps loving kindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.” Exodus 34:6-7

Similarly the Gospels make references to forgiveness on numerous occasions- even more so then the Old Testament. Salvation and forgiveness are integral part of Christianity. The Gospels add another element- to forgive each other so God can forgive us- something that is part of the revered ‘Lord’s prayer’ as taught in Matthew 6:9-13 and Luke 11:2-4

….and forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us. Luke 11:4 and Matthew 6:12

Of course I don’t want to ‘take advantage’ of Lord’s forgiveness and continue to wrong myself. But I do realize we are all humans and that I will err. When I do, I will never lose hope in his immense mercy and His forgiveness. That’s the biggest hope out there no matter what they say!

Continue Reading

Latest News

Latest News3 hours ago

Guv Admin says no to J&K assembly elections in June,EC may move date to Nov

Assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir may not be held in June, a top government source has said, adding that...

Latest News3 hours ago

India skips BRI forum, Pakistan says CPEC to go ahead

Beijing, Apr 26: India on Friday skipped Beijing’s Belt and Road forum for a second time in protest against the...

Latest News3 hours ago

BSF trooper attempts suicide in Srinagar

SRINAGAR: A Border Security Force (BSF) trooper on Friday tried to commit suicide in Jammu and Kashmir’s Srinagar district, police...

Latest News4 hours ago

Punjabi pop singer Daler Mehndi joins BJP

New Delhi: Punjabi pop singer Daler Mehndi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Friday. The singer joined the party...

Latest News4 hours ago

J&K govt orders transfer of three senior police officers

JAMMU: After obtaining mandatory permission from the Election Commission, the Jammu and Kashmir government on Friday ordered the transfer of...

Latest News4 hours ago

Article 370 must go: Baba Ramdev

New Delhi: Yoga guru Baba Ramdev on Friday supported BJP’s election manifesto and said that Article 370 must go. Article...

Latest News5 hours ago

Online helicopter booking from May 1 for Amarnath Yatra

Jammu, April 26: The online helicopter booking for the annual Amarnath Yatra will begin on May 1, according to an...

Latest News5 hours ago

Govt review service records of over 1,100 IAS officers to check ‘deadwood’

New Delhi: The service records of over 1,100 officers of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) have been reviewed by the...

Latest News5 hours ago

Allying with PDP was BJP’s ‘mahamilavat’ in Kashmir:PM Modi

New Delhi :Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke to India Today Group editors and said that BJP’s alliance with PDP in...

Latest News5 hours ago

Anantnag, Bijbehara towns shut for second straight day

Srinagar: Anantnag and Bijbehara town in south Kashmir remained shut for the second straight day on Friday in wake of...

Subscribe to The Kashmir Monitor via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to The Kashmir Monitor and receive notifications of new stories by email.

Join 966,132 other subscribers

Archives

April 2019
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
2930  
Advertisement