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PIL in SC on 4G: Fresh application includes accounts of doctors, students, teachers…

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New Delhi: In an ongoing PIL in Supreme Court seeking restoration of high-speed internet in J&K, a fresh application has been filed to bring on record the hardships faced by different people in the society.

The application included individual narratives of hardships faced by doctors, teachers, students and, a comparative technical analysis of functioning of websites at 2G speed and 4G speed, reported on Wednesday.


The PIL filed by ‘Foundation of Media Professionals’ seeks to bring on record empirical and anecdotal evidence regarding impact of speed curbs on the life of ordinary people in J&K.

Following are the new documents:

An affidavit dated 14.04.2020 by Ms. Revati Laul, Director of the Petitioner Society, contains “individual narratives of hardships faced by doctors, teachers, students, journalists, lawyers and businesspersons in Jammu and Kashmir due to denial of 4G internet services”. The affidavit includes, but is not limited to, accounts of doctors who have asserted that the use of 4G internet is absolutely imperative as “it can literally save lives”.

An affidavit dated 13.04.2020 by Prateek Waghre, a technologist and policy researcher and expert, “which provides a theoretical comparison between 2G and 4G network speeds in the context of common tasks on the internet and a qualitative assessment of the effect that 2G can have on video streaming (broadcast) and video conferencing (interactive) applications”.

A copy of the technical analysis of usability and performance of whitelisted websites in Jammu and Kashmir, conducted by Prateek Waghre.

A report on the detailed analysis of difference of 2G and 4G speeds, prepared by Prateek Waghre.

“There are conferences all over the world in which we would like to take part in, but we don’t have 4G. We need 4 G because of the COVID emergency. Also doctors always need to be updated”, stated the account of a doctor, produced along with the application.

“WhatsApp has a lot of fake news. WhatsApp is full of fake stuff. People get confused. For that you need authentication information and to access authentic information, you need high speed internet”, another doctor was stated to have said.

“If anyone wanted to misuse the internet, they would have done that already, even on 2G”, as per another account.

“This is so frustrating. Trying to download the guidelines for intensive care management as proposed by doctors in England. It is as many as 24 MBs. It has been one hour…still not able to do so.” , as per another doctor.

“How do we ensure that the knowledge that we have (on the basics on the virus) is disseminated to the common people?] How will the knowledge we have be imparted to the people at large”, a doctor was stated to have said.

The account of a civil service aspirant said:

“I am not able to go for online classes or read different things. Everyone is in depression. We have no source of entertainment. We want to go outside but that is not possible because of the lockdown. When we stay at home, entertainment is also important. There should be a difference between animals and humans. They have treated us like animals, literally. How will be compete with other parts of the country with just 2G? How can we?”

A teacher gave a statement as follows:

“If we really want the students of Jammu and Kashmir to grow, they should be part of the world developments in education etc. This has other consequences if we don’t. After the abrogation of article 370 students were saying – `We thought we will be like Delhi students.’ So there should be complete 4G. It should never be suspended. Because 90% of the education nowadays is through online. You have to give them notes, sites. We are taking them to the world. When students aren’t given this, they begin to think – `We are second class citizens.'”

A professor explained the difficulty in teaching geography through virtual class as follows

“We are talking of the 3 D view of the interior of the earth. How can we explain that on just voice? With just voice, how can I explain to them that the earth is like an onion? It has layers. I have to show the onion, I have to cut the onion diagonally so that I can explain the layers of the earth. That can be possible only when there is interaction through a video conference or a video call.”

The account of an advocate narrated the difficulties in difficulties in legal practice due to reduced net speed.

According to a parent, the lack of appropriate net speed has caused mood swings in children.

“One of my kids is in 10th standard and the other is in the 9th standard. For the whole day, they keep using smart phones and other gadgets and they keep trying to download smart classes. But at the end of the day when they feel they aren’t able to study, they feel frustrated. Their temperament has changed. They were very sober, gentle kids. But I can see for the last two weeks, a change in them. They’ve become hyper-active. They keep shouting at elders and fighting with each other. The only reason being they are not able to study”

Based on several such accounts, the applicant stated

“In summation, crucial aspects of life – from emergency health care to spreading awareness about COVID to studying and parenting and also delivering justice are all in a state of intensive care, without an appropriate internet speed”

Prateek Waghre, the tech expert, opined:

“Users will face significant issues when using video conferencing applications. These issues will be exacerbated by multitasking”

The affidavits and reports by Waghre have noted that tasks on 2G speed can take 50 times longer to accomplish than the time that would be taken on 4G speed.

The Public Interest Litigation filed by Foundation for Media Professionals, seeks to challenge multiple Government orders imposing restrictions on internet access during COVID-19 outbreak, as being illegal, unconstitutional and violative of Articles 14, 19(1), 21 and 21A of the Constitution of India.

On 09.04.2020, a Supreme Court Bench comprising of Justices NV Ramana, R. Subhash Reddy & BR Gavai had issued notice in the matter.

Matter is likely to be listed this week. (with inputs from