Over 50% smokers under 40 develop COPD in Kashmir: New Study
23: Smoking is the main cause for
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among the people below the age of
40 in Kashmir, a new study has revealed.
Entitled ‘Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Diseases among Adults in Kashmir’, the 2018 research was conducted by
Asif Jeelani, Irfan Nazir Mir, Mir Mujtaba Ahmad, Waseem Raja and Seema Aleem
of Department of Community Medicine, Department of Surgery, Department of
Microbiology of Government Medical College Srinagar, and Department of Surgery
HIMR New Delhi.
The objective of
the study was to find out the prevalence of COPD and its associated risk
factors in the age group of 40 years. Nearly 1025 patients –521 males and 504
females—were studied for the research.
prevalence was 28.2 percent among current smokers and 22 percent among
ex-smokers in Kashmir. Percentage of current smokers in males who developed
COPD was 32.9 % and 23.2% females. The stage 1 COPD prevalence was 15.90% or
higher among males,” the study revealed.
associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and
lungs to noxious particles and gases. Inhaled noxious particles most important
being the tobacco smoke, cause inflammatory response in the lungs which is
exaggerated in some smokers and leads to characteristic pathological lesions of
According to the
study, COPD represents an important challenge that is both preventable and
treatable. “The increase in mortality will be largely due to cumulative
exposure of the population to cigarette smoke and the expected aging of the
population,” the study noted.
It has found that
prevalence of COPD among women using smoking forms of tobacco was less than the
males. “This can be attributed to the fact that the duration and amount of
smoking was less in female gender than males,” read the study.
have projected that in near future the gap between COPD prevalence in males and
females will decrease because women are more vulnerable to develop the disease.
Various surveys reveal that 26.6% population of Jammu and Kashmir is using
tobacco product in one or the other of its form.