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Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): Top 5 Causes You Must Know

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Fatty liver refers to a condition where excess fat builds up in your liver. When over 5-10% of the liver’s weight is fat, it means you are suffering from fatty liver. It slows down your body metabolism and prevents it from losing weight. Thankfully, this condition is reversible and only needs a few lifestyle modifications for the cure. Fatty liver is of two types; the non-alcoholic fatty liver and alcoholic fatty liver. The former is caused due to reasons other than alcohol consumption and the latter is caused due to excessive alcohol intake. In this article, we shall discuss the causes of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

The causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease have not been explored properly yet. Experts say that it occurs mainly when the body produces too much fat and is incapable of processing it. Some studies suggest that underlying health conditions increase your risk of developing a non-alcoholic fatty liver.

Here, we shall discuss the top 5 causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Take a look.

 
  1. Obesity

Obesity is one of the most important causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 70% of the obese people suffer from this condition due to obesity. The fatty liver disease is known to affect your body’s ability to process fat and lose weight. As a result, you continue to put on weight and develop the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. This usually happens with people who consume a high-fat diet and do not exercise.

  1. Insulin resistance

There seems to be an important link between NAFD and insulin resistance. Insulin helps you muscles and tissues get glucose from the blood for energy. It also helps the liver store excess glucose. When a person suffers from insulin resistance, his/her body does not respond to insulin the way it should. As a result, excess fat gets stored in the liver leading to inflammation and scarring.

  1. Metabolic syndrome

Having metabolic syndrome or any of its traits is also believed to be a cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It refers to a group of conditions or traits associated with obesity. People suffering from this condition are likely to suffer from heart diseases and type-2 diabetes. Doctors say that a person suffering from the metabolic syndrome may have any three of the following:

Large waist size

High triglycerides levels in the blood

High blood glucose levels

High blood pressure

Low HDL cholesterol levels

  1. Diabetes

Due to insulin resistance, the pancreas may start excreting more insulin to make up for the deficiency. But over time, it may start producing lesser amounts. As a result, excess sugar gets accumulated in the blood. This results in diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is believed to be one of the most important causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

  1. Excess fat in the blood

High levels of fat, triglycerides and bad cholesterol in the blood is also an important cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. When the body becomes insulin resistant, the liver starts taking fatty acids from the blood which has them in abundance. As a result, this fat starts accumulating in the liver as storage fat. It also kills the ability of the liver to eliminate excess fat from the body. Later, this develops into the fatty liver disease.


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Health

5 Foods That Will Detoxify Your Lungs And Heal Them Naturally

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Are you a chain smoker? Do you live in a polluted area? Our lungs are a vital organ and the most ignored organ of our body. It is through them that we breathe.

Consequently our lungs are also sucking in harmful elements from the air around us. They are exposed to harmful pollutants and microbes that get deposited from the air we inhale. For people who smoke, their healthy lungs turn black with the deposition of tar in their lungs. Regular detoxification of lungs will help in smooth functioning and help in expulsion of toxins. Thus it is important that we choose healthy foods to cleanse our lungs, so as to reduce common lung diseases and respiratory problems such as asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and cystic fibrosis.

Some foods which are great for good lung health are listed below:

 

1. Garlic: The anti-inflammatory properties along with a high level of allicin helps to fight infections and reduces inflammation. Garlic has also been considered by many as being an effective remedy in improving asthma and can help to reduce the risk of lung cancer.

2. Apples: An apple is healthy, loaded with nutrients, high energy, high fiber, low calorie food. Its flavonoids and the wide variety of vitamins, and antioxidants, particularly vitamin C, helps us to maintain a strong immune system and a healthy respiratory system. When we have healthy respiratory functions, we can fight off lung diseases and prevent them naturally.

3. Ginger: Due to its anti-inflammatory properties ginger will help to clear your lungs naturally. You can add ginger to various dishes as it is a widely used herb. Also you can add it in your morning tea.You can also use it to prepare ginger tea blended with some lemon in it. This is beneficial to remove toxins from the respiratory tract.

4. Green tea: Drink a cup of your favourite herbal green tea before going to bed to release toxins in the intestine that can lead to constipation or other stomach ailments. You should refrain from overloading your lungs with tedious work during this purification process.

5. Lentils: In order to optimize the oxygen transportation faculties of the lungs, healthy hemoglobin levels are absolutely critical. Hemoglobin is a protein molecule that is found in red blood cells and aids in transporting oxygen from the lungs to body tissue. As an added benefit, hemoglobin stimulates the internal processes that returns carbon dioxide back to the lungs to be expelled from the body. Black beans, cow peas, dried peas, lentils, red kidney beans, garbanzo beans, and soybeans are some foods containing properties that raise hemoglobin levels. Additionally, supplement beans and lentils with vitamin-C rich foods to maximize iron absorption.

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Fasting may help keep age-related diseases at bay: Study

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Fasting can boost the body’s metabolism and help protect against age-related diseases, a study has found. The circadian clock operates within the body and its organs as intrinsic time-keeping machinery to preserve homeostasis in response to the changing environment. While food is known to influence clocks in peripheral tissues, it was unclear, until now, how the lack of food influences clock function and ultimately affects the body.

“We discovered fasting influences the circadian clock and fasting-driven cellular responses, which together work to achieve fasting-specific temporal gene regulation,” said Paolo Sassone-Corsi, a professor at the University of California, Irvine in the US. “Skeletal muscle, for example, appears to be twice as responsive to fasting as the liver,” said Sassone-Corsi.

The research, published in the journal Cell Reports, was conducted using mice, which were subjected to 24-hour periods of fasting. While fasting, researchers noted the mice exhibited a reduction in oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and energy expenditure, all of which were completely abolished by refeeding, which parallels results observed in humans.

 

“The reorganisation of gene regulation by fasting could prime the genome to a more permissive state to anticipate upcoming food intake and thereby drive a new rhythmic cycle of gene expression,” he said. “In other words, fasting is able to essentially reprogram a variety of cellular responses. Therefore, optimal fasting in a timed manner would be strategic to positively affect cellular functions and ultimately benefiting health and protecting against ageing-associated diseases,” said Sassone-Corsi.

The study opens new avenues of investigation that could ultimately lead to the development of nutritional strategies to improve health in humans.

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High-fibre diet lowers risk of death, non-communicable diseases: Lancet

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Eating up to 30 grams of naturally-occurring dietary fibre — such as whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits — daily may prevent the risks of developing non-communicable diseases, finds a review of studies published in the journal The Lancet.

The results suggest a 15-30 per cent decrease in all-cause and cardiovascular related mortality; and reduced incidence of coronary heart disease, stroke, Type-2 diabetes and colorectal cancer by 16-24 per cent.

Increasing fibre intake is associated with lower bodyweight and cholesterol, compared with lower intake or synthetic and extracted fibre.

 

“Our findings provide convincing evidence for nutrition guidelines to focus on increasing dietary fibre and on replacing refined grains with whole grains. This reduces incidence risk and mortality from a broad range of important diseases,” said Professor Jim Mann, from the University of Otago, New Zealand.

“Fibre-rich whole foods that require chewing and retain much of their structure in the gut increase satiety and help weight control and can favourably influence lipid and glucose levels.

“The breakdown of fibre in the large bowel by the resident bacteria has additional wide-ranging effects including protection from colorectal cancer,” Mann said.

Protection against stroke, and breast cancer also increased. Consuming 25-29 grams each day was adequate but the data suggest that higher intakes of dietary fibre could provide even greater protection.

The researchers included 185 observational studies and 58 clinical trials involving 4,635 adult participants.

The study also found that diets with a low glycaemic index and low glycaemic load provided limited support for protection against Type 2 diabetes and stroke only.

Foods with a low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load may also contain added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium.

However, high intakes might have ill-effects for people with low iron or mineral levels for whom high levels of whole grains can further reduce iron levels, the researchers noted.

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