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Islamic art exhibition: A peek into the lost world of our calligraphic art

Hirra Azmat





By Hirra Azmat

Srinagar, Jun 10: The stair case bedecked with flowers and posters leads to “Sheerin Qalam”, an Islamic art exhibition organized by Jammu and Kashmir Cultural Academy, where Qur’an scripted in various calligraphic styles and inscribed in different eras is on display.

As one walks through the history of last few centuries, the 100 rare manuscripts covered with transparent sheets reveal many startling details.


While some of them are dexterously hand-written on the parchment paper, many of them have intricate patterns inscribed on the supple deer skin.

Several manuscripts having stylistic appearance are engraved on the smooth Samarkand silk paper. The indigenous calligraphic scripts prove to be an example of Kashmiri calligraphy in its truest sense.

Mohammad Ashraf Kak, In-charge J&K Culture of Academy and Arts, said, the initiative is aimed at introducing visitors to the large number of objects, which are not in general display and to focus on the dying art of calligraphy.

“This exhibition explains the emergence and proliferation of various styles of calligraphy and scripts from different eras.  The exhibition is unique in the sense that not many people know how culturally rich we have been,” Kak said.

While showing around an array of displays, Kak halts near a Qur’anic manuscript from a Mughal era. With a voice soaked with emotions, he describes it as a classic example of “Kashmiriyat”.

“A limited number of colors are usually used in Qur’anic texts but this particular copy has many vibrant colors used in the border. You will be surprised to know the interesting patterns are done by Hindus and text written by Muslims,” said Kak.

The next Qur’anic text corresponding to 1594 AD on the same table leaves every visitor gasping. With its intricate calligraphy and visually pleasing golden colours, the admiration becomes the only choice.

“Holy Quran written with ink blending gold with saffron. This is the only manuscript in the world calligraphed in saffron ink,” reads the description beneath it.

The exhibition also has an eye-catching collection of calligraphic paintings. They equally cast charm as the rare manuscripts. The Islamic calligraphy of Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Fatiha and Ayat-Al-Kursi reflect a contemporary touch by converting it into a painting.

“These are done by our contemporary artists. In the uniquely developed contemporary style of calligraphy paintings, the script dons a new look altogether,” Kak said.

Mohammad Saleem Beigh, convener at INTACH, while lauding the initiative also has a sorry tale to tell: “We want to promote our age old art and culture through such events. However, not many people are able to connect with exhibitions of this kind. This is evident from the less number of young people that I see here,” he said.

Beigh believes that the reason the younger generation are not able to develop a connection with these art forms is a mainly because of the flawed educational policy.

“It has to be a part of the school curriculum. Unless they don’t teach you there is something called ‘manuscript’, ‘painting’ and ‘calligraphy’ the youth can never relate to it,” said Beigh

Echoing similar views, Kak said, “The posterity should come to know that there is a value attached to a document dating 100 or 200 years back. If they fail to build these narratives in schools,  then we shouldn’t be upset when they are unappreciative of such art forms,” he said.




Will electric buses mark a turnaround in SRTC?

Mudassir Kuloo



Srinagar, Jul 21:  Newly inducted Electric Buses have rekindled a fresh hope for turnaround in the otherwise loss making State Road Transport Corporation (SRTC).

A source in the SRTC said the PSU has suffered a loss of more than Rs 160 crore in the last 10 years. Official figures reveal that against the expenditure of Rs 120 crore, SRTC has earned Rs 95.55 crore in 2018-2019.

Struggling to pay salaries, the government has sold SRTC’s land at several places to run day to day affairs of the PSU.


Manzoor Ahmad, President, SRTC Drivers Association, said they are without salaries for the last two months. “Our salaries are often delayed,” he said.

Ahmad however hoped that newly launched electric buses would give a new lease of life to the loss making PSU.

“We have been imparted training about how to ply electric buses. We hope these buses will enable the Corporation to earn revenue,” he said. 

Around 20 electric buses were flagged off by Governor Satya Pal Malik on Friday. Malik said electric bus service is a step towards providing eco-friendly public transportation with modern facilities to the commuters. He also emphasized on using e-buses to abate pollution levels.

Established in 1948 with a fleet of 50 buses, the SRTC was converted into PSU in 1976. The Corporation had 1603 vehicles in 1989, including 978 buses and 625 trucks.  However, their numbers have reduced to 847 which included 528 buses and 319 trucks.   Among these, 397 are overage vehicles.

Similarly, the number of employees has decreased from 6650 to 2147 since 1989.

Principal Secretary Transport Department Dr Asgar Hassan Samoon however said government was making efforts for revival of SRTC. “We have also procured 40 electric buses. Besides overage vehicles are also being replaced,” Samoon added.

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Centre approves 381 Cr for new CUK campus

Bisma Bhat



Srinagar, Jul 21: The government of India has approved financial assistance of Rs 381.68 crore to complete pending construction projects of the Central University of Kashmir.

As per the figures provided by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), the Centre has approved financial assistance of Rs 381.68 crore through Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) to construct the campus in Ganderbal district.

“The university has to approach HEFA board to get the funds released,” reads an official document.


Earlier in 2018, the University had to forfeit Rs 800 crores after it could not utilize the funds because the land earmarked for the campus was not found suitable for construction in the Ganderbal district. The funds were later diverted to other universities.

For the last 10 years, the varsity has been operating from rented accommodation at different places in Srinagar.

However, after facing pressure from the higher authorities, the university shifted most of its department to the Ganderbal district.

“Two campuses of CUK are functioning from two separate locations in Behama. In Nunar area, the old DIET building is being used as an administrative block for the University,” an official of the CUK said.

Officials said the varsity had invited a team from outside the state for soil testing. “We are going for G+1 cluster type of constructions which stands approved by the competent body,” the official said.

Speaking to The Kashmir Monitor, Registrar CUK, Professor Fayaz Ahmad Nika, said: “We have to recast the master plan and frame architectural design. There were certain difficulties with the land. Once it is resolved, we will then approach the HEFA.”

“We don’t have any deadline. Developing Campus is not a short term activity. We are focusing on constructing and developing the campus at Tulmulla in Ganderbal.  The construction work is going on at Tulmulla,” said Nika.

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To ‘curb militancy’; VDCs to be revamped in Kishtwar

Press Trust of India



Jammu, Jul 21: Nearly 500 elderly Village Defence Committee (VDC) members and Special Police Officers (SPO) in Kishtwar district of J&K will be replaced soon, a senior police officer said on Sunday.

The step is part of a strategy to counter militancy activities in the hilly district which was rattled by the killing of BJP state secretary Anil Parihar and his brother Ajeet Parihar on November 1 last year, followed by the assassination of senior RSS leader Chanderkant Sharma and his security guard inside a health centre on April 9.

The decision was taken despite reservations expressed by former Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti over arming of civilians in Chenab valley.


“Keeping in view the present security scenario in Kishtwar town and the overstaying of SPOs in the district (Kishtwar), an overhauling is being done. A process to replace 352 VDC members and 117 VDC SPOs who are above the age of 60 years has been set into motion,” the officer said.

The SPOs, who have overstayed at a particular place, have also been replaced. Besides this, 9 VDC SPOs have been disengaged from the VDC rolls for noncompliance of orders, the officer said.

In response to the recently held SPOs recruitment, he said a list of around 85 meritorious candidates was sent to police headquarters for final approval.

The VDCs were setup in the mid-1990s with an aim to strengthen the security of Hindus living in remote and mountainous areas of Doda, Kishtwar, Ramba, Rajouri, Reasi, Kathua and Poonch districts of the region.

The members of these committees not only guard the identified villages along the border, but also the infrastructural installations in and around them.

But eventually there were several cases of the VDCs misusing their powers and engaging in human rights violations.

Kishtwar along with several other districts of Jammu province were declared militancy-free over a decade ago but after the recent killings, the authorities have taken various steps to counter attempts by militants to gain a foothold in the Chenab valley. Inspector General of Police, Jammu, M K Sinha recently said at least 10 local militants – eight belonging to Hizbul Mujahideen and two affiliated to Lashker-e-Toiba – were active in the district.

Describing the reported plans of the Centre and the Jammu and Kashmir administration to arm civilians in the sensitive Chenab valley as “alarming”, Mufti, who is also Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) president, had warned that the move would have “dangerous consequences”.

She said similar experiments of arming civilians under the anti-militancy grid in the 1990s had led to complete chaos and the wounds inflicted upon the general masses were still fresh.

“Reports about the administration trying to arm civilians under the garb of creating VDC in Chenab valley are disturbing and alarming especially at the time when the government has to be inclusive to avoid further alienation of youth across the state,” Mufti had said in a statement on Saturday.

On Friday, police registered a case against former PDP MLC Firdous Tak and some other party leaders after they staged a demonstration against the state administration for strengthening VDCs in the district.

Mufti dubbed the FIR “false and frivolous” and demanded its immediate rollback.

“The party leaders have represented the sentiments and aspirations of the people but it seems that the local administration are working under pressure from a particular political organisation. The registration of the case only speaks about the sorry state of affairs in Chenab valley,” she said.

On July 17, a three-member delegation of senior BJP leaders led by former deputy Chief Minister Nirmal Singh met Governor Satya Pal Malik at Raj Bhavan in Srinagar and demanded the strengthening of the security apparatus including VDCs and provision of mobile bunkers in Chenab valley region.

They expressed concern regarding growing threats to the safety and security of people, illegal encroachments on forest land, and incidents of bovine smuggling in the region.

The Governor had assured the delegation due consideration of its demands.

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