Our today’s children are the basis upon their shoulders the building of society is based in the future. They are the men of the future and as much effort you exert in rearing and behaving them as the status and power of the nation will be. However, if they are neglected, deviation styles shall seize their hearts and the nation shall become unbalanced and weak in the face of confronting powers. An orphan is one of the children who lost his father and one who supports him. He lost the heart which used to be kind to him, and the soul which encompasses and cares for him to empower his nerves, increase his organs, expand his chest, and make life smile to him. He had lost all those by the death of his father and fate left him for distress, distraction, and deprivation. So, he is in dire need to special care from the Most Gracious and the Most Compassionate Himself to rescue him from this loneliness and make him happy. He needs a wise legislation and a generous will from a Merciful Lord to protect himself and money and consider him a working man in life and not an idle who beg of his living and become a burden on his nation or a bad person who spreads his poisons over other children.
For these reasons, Islam -the Qur’an and the Sunnah- commanded Muslims to pay attention to orphans, exhorted to rear them and protect their lives and money. The Glorious Qur’an had paid great attention to orphans since it began to come down until Allah completed the religion and legislation. When the revelation interrupted in Makkah and the Prophet (peace be upon him) felt that Allah has forsaken him, thereupon Allah (Glory be to Him) revealed to him: “Did He not find you (O Muhammad peace be upon him) an orphan and gave you a refuge?” [Surat Ad-Duha: 6].
Then He asked him to show gratitude for this blessing and the gratitude would be showing kindness to orphans “Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression.” [Surat Ad-Duha: 9]. The Qur’an which is revealed in the Makkan period paid great attention to orphans and made the contempt of orphans and neglecting their affairs one of the signs of disbelieving in the Day of Recompense. “Have you seen him who denies the Recompense? * That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly).” [Surat Al Ma`un: 1 – 2]. Moreover, He made caring for orphans one of the Ten Commandments that were not abrogated in any religion and was regulated with faith in one course. “Say (O Muhammad peace be upon him): Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from.” [Surat Al An`am: 151].
People’s souls got affected by these Makkan commandments which came concerning orphans and became in embarrassment whether to isolate them from their children in eating and drinking for fear that touching anything from their money and properties or associate with them and eat something of their money and properties? What should they do? They sought for something to get them out of this responsibility which burdens their shoulders, thereupon Allah’s Saying was revealed: “And they ask you concerning orphans. Allah explained to them that associated with them along with justice and reform is one of the requisites of human and religious brotherhood. Then Surat An-Nisa’ came to pay more attention to them and paved the way before them by asking for Allah’s Fearing and maintaining the ties of kinship and showing that all the people were created from one single soul. So, orphans should be treated as one treats his own brothers and relatives, their money should be protected, they should be reared and well-behaved, and beware of neglecting them.