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Aadhaar Gets Face Authentication, Will Be Launched by July 1: UIDAI

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The Aadhaar authentication has been carried out with biometrics like fingerprints and iris scans, apart from OTP based authentication, and now, it’s getting a new way of using biometrics – face authentication. In a circular dated January 15, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) sent out information about the implementation of face authentication, and UIDAI CEO Dr. Ajay Bhushan Pandey also tweeted about it. The reasoning for this is explained as making the Aadhaar more accessible for people who can’t, for any reason, use fingerprints or iris authentication. “Some residents face difficulty in successfully using biometric authentication using one of the modalities,” the circular reads. “While residents can use either fingerprint or iris authentication when both devices are available, many AUAs [Authentication User Agencies] have not yet deployed both types of devices for their use.”

In many places, the Aadhaar authentication is being carried out with fingerprint readers, which has caused problems in a number of cases, for example with the elderly and manual labourers finding their fingerprints not properly readable. To get around this, the UIDAI says it can use the photo captured at the time of enrolment for identity verification. “While Aadhaar Authentication API had the technical provision for sending photo of the face, this option is currently not enabled within CIDR [Central Identities Database Repository],” the circular states. “Since face photo is already available in UIDAI database, there is no need to capture any new reference data at UIDAI CIDR.” This means that the data already captured serves the purpose, and the checks are also going to pose no problem, the UIDAI circular states, because “Camera is now pervasively available on laptops and mobiles making the face capture easily feasible for AUAs without needing any additional hardware.” According to the circular, Face Authentication as an additional modality to be used in fusion mode will be available by July 1.

“Face authentication with liveness detection can be used as an additional factor to increase security,” it adds. In other words, face recognition is not being considered secure enough by itself – “Face Authentication shall be allowed ONLY in fusion mode, along with one more authentication factor. This means Face Authentication must be combined with either fingerprint, or iris, or OTP to be able to successfully authenticate an Aadhaar number holder.”

 

The circular doesn’t talk about whether the UIDAI is developing the photo authentication technology in-house or sourcing it from anywhere. It states: “UIDAI will provide Software Development Kits (SDKs) / Registered Device (RD) services in various operating systems which will have the ability to capture face image, check liveness, and create digital signed and encrypted authentication input as required.”

The UIDAI will start sharing these kids, and holding workshops and training sessions, starting with the sharing of “necessary details” from March 1 – and as mentioned above, the actual deployment is supposed to start by July 1.
Some experts are already expressing concerns with the decision to use face recognition, saying it has been circumvented through fairly simple tricks including just using a photograph of the person.

“Although adding an extra layer of security for Aadhar card holders seems to be a good initiative, adding facial recognition might not do much good as not only it isn’t too difficult to replicate as compared to other biometrics,” says Ankush Johar, Director, Infosec Ventures, a company that provides infrastructure security solutions for commercial and government clients. “But also the major problem lies in the source of the images used as the authentication mechanism. The photographs captured nearly half a decade back with an extremely low resolution camera stands hardly any chance given that hackers were able to bypass even the 3D face model recognition developed by one of the biggest tech pioneers.”

A tender by the Madhya Pradesh government shows that Aadhaar photos were taken using webcams of “2-megapixels or better”, or tablets of “5-megapixels or better”. These low resolution images, which would also be very outdated by now, make for a poor choice, adds Johar.


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Xiaomi has been working on improvements for in-display fingerprint scanning

The Kashmir Monitor

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By Nancy Cohen

Fingerprint sensors—modern tools of convenience or awkwardly placed tools that are just plain difficult for instant use?

Aamir Siddiqui in XDA Developers is no stranger to the shortcomings in present-day in-display fingerprint scanners. He thinks they have “a long way to go before they can completely and perfectly replace the conventional fingerprint scanners,” but he foresees change.

 

“In-display fingerprint scanners are fast gaining popularity, and we are surely going to see a lot more of them in 2019. While the current generation in-display scanners may not be quicker or even more reliable than the conventional fingerprint scanners, future generations of this tech will continue to improve on these areas to provide a better experience.”

Better news does seem to be in the wings; The Verge’s Sam Byford, who covers Asia happenings, reported on in-display fingerprint sensors being worked on by Xiaomi.
The news revolves around a new type of in-display fingerprint scanner technology which has been confirmed by Xiaomi President and co-founder, Lin Bin. GSMArena similarly described a “next gen under display fingerprint scanner.”

The new sensor will solve one big issue, and that is being unable to unlock the phone without having to look at the screen. User to fingerprint sensor: Hey, you’re reading one tiny tiny area of my screen. Just.

“This means you have to be very specific about where you tap your finger, and makes it almost impossible to unlock your phone without looking at the display,” wrote Hadlee Simons in Android Authority.

Byford reported on a video demonstrating a prototype phone with a new fingerprint sensor that has an active area of 25 x 50mm. Translation: users could unlock it more easily by tapping, Byford said, “within a much larger region than the thumbprint-sized scanners found on several phones released last year.”

Siddiqui similarly noted that “Xiaomi claims that you can unlock the phone without looking at the screen now, which shows off their confidence in the larger recognition area.”

Bam-boom. “You can set up your finger with only one tap and then unlock the locked screen with pressing pretty much everywhere,” said GSMArena. Since the active authentication area is 25mm x 50.2mm, said Simons in Android Authority, “it’s an exponentially bigger area than that found on commercially available in-display fingerprint sensors right now.”

GSMArena added, “According to Lin Bin, the unlocking area is 50 mm by 25 mm, which is more than five times the UD area now and over 15 times the standard scanner on the back, used by Xiaomi.”

On Friday, Ajaay Srinivasan, The Mobile Indian provided some background: “The news comes from a video posted on Bin’s Weibo account which revealed the latest implementation of the advanced in-display fingerprint scanning technology. The video reveals a Xiaomi prototype device feature a new fingerprint unlock sensor which spans for an area that measures at 50 x 25 mm.”

Dates? Byford said Xiamoi president Lin Bin did not mention when such a device would become a shipping product.

GSMArena noted what Bin had to say moving forward. If it has a “great reception among fans, the company will consider placing the scanner in future devices.”

If you have ever fumbled around trying to access your fingerprint scanner, you will appreciate this video, posted on January 15, showing Xiaomi’s improved access design where unlocking does not mean you are required to look at the screen.

Beyond the obvious advantage of being able to access the scanner more easily on the screen, there is another plus that was noticed by Sahil Kapoor in iGyaan: “Notably, the fingerprint sensor appears to be very fast and accurate.”

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Xiaomi Mijia Laser Projector 4K With 150-Inch Virtual Screen Launched in China

The Kashmir Monitor

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Although ordinary projectors are still a popular option, laser projectors have been gaining prominence in the last couple of years. These projectors are designed differently, allowing for a shorter throw area and the ability to project even in a well-lit room. The latest laser projector to make the news comes from Chinese electronics company Xiaomi through its Mijia brand. The company has launched the Xiaomi Mijia Laser Projector 4K in China, priced at CNY 9,999 (approximately Rs. 1,05,000). As the name suggests, the projector sports a 4K resolution on its virtual 150-inch screen projection.

The new Xiaomi Mijia Laser Projector 4K is the successor to the previous Mijia Laser Projector, which was previously priced at CNY 9,999 but came with a full-HD resolution. The latest product keeps the price and virtual screen size the same, but bumps up the resolution to 4K (3840×2160 pixels).

For now, the product is available as a pre-sale offer, and can be booked for an advance payment of CNY 100 (approximately Rs. 1,050). As with other laser projectors, the Xiaomi Mijia Laser Projector 4K can be placed near a wall or projector screen, and directly project onto it from a short throw. This allows for easier placement as compared to traditional long-throw projectors, along with a virtual screen size of up to 150 inches.

 

The Xiaomi Mijia Laser Projector 4K comes with built-in speakers, three HDMI ports, one USB port, and sockets for audio and Ethernet cables. You also get smart connectivity with the MIUI TV interface and a remote to control the projector. Unlike the TV range, the projector is a part of the Mijia brand from Xiaomi.

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Ultimate Ears Boom 3 Wireless Speaker with ‘Magic Button’ Launched in India

The Kashmir Monitor

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Wireless speakers come in all shapes, sizes and prices, but there has been a tendency for certain products and brands to stand out from the competition. One such popular brand has been Ultimate Ears (UE), the personal audio manufacturer owned by Swiss computer peripherals manufacturer Logitech. The Boom range from Ultimate Ears has been among its most popular lines, and the latest product from the line is the Ultimate Ears Boom 3. The new wireless speaker has been launched in India, priced at Rs. 15,995.

The Ultimate Ears Boom 3 is set to go on sale on Amazon India starting January 17. The product will be available in three colour options – Black, Blue, and Red. The speaker comes with an IP67 water resistance rating, which means that it is certified to survive significant exposure to water and dust, and can therefore be used safely outdoors. Interestingly, the Ultimate Ears Boom 3 floats in water, a feature that would appeal to a lot of buyers.

Another new feature on the UE Boom 3 is the ‘Magic Button’, which is said to make music control and playback easier. The speaker does retain the cylindrical design of its predecessors, although the styling has been refreshed. However, the familiar ‘plus’ and ‘minus’ physical volume buttons are still there. The USB port has also been repositioned to make charging the speaker a bit easier.

 

As the successor to the capable Ultimate Ears Boom 2, the UE Boom 3 was launched in August last year globally, and has taken a few months to see a launch in India. Interestingly, the UE Boom 2 is also still on sale for around Rs . 10,000.

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