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Premature menopause reaches alarming proportion in Kashmir

Hirra Azmat



Srinagar, Jan 11: Aliya (name changed), 30, hailing from Srinagar city was married in January last year. Three months back, she stopped getting her periods. Excited that she may have conceived, Aliya underwent tests, which revealed that she had already slipped into premature menopause.

“I used to have irregular periods but I never thought I would get menopause at 30. It was a big blow as my parents had planned my marriage so painstakingly and within a year all this happened,” she said.

Similarly, Rehana, 34, a homemaker, who had no idea she has polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) until she and her husband decided to have a child and she had difficulty in conceiving.


After eight months of fertility medication, she conceived. Six months after the birth, her menstrual cycles turned erratic, falling into a rhythm only with medication.

Later her tests revealed a bulky uterus and dysfunctional ovaries. She was diagnosed with premature ovarian failure, a sign of premature menopause.

A worrying trend is setting in the valley with the rising incidence of young women facing pre-ovarian failure and pre mature menopause, both leading to infertility. A condition which was predominantly seen among older couples, infertility is now seen more frequently in women who are younger than 35 years of age.

Dr Rahila Yousuf, Consultant Gynecologist at JLNM Hospital, Rainawari described premature ovarian failure — also known as primary ovarian insufficiency —a loss of normal function of the ovaries before age 40.

“If the ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or release eggs regularly. Infertility is a common result. Women with premature ovarian failure may have irregular or occasional periods for years and may even become pregnant. Women with premature menopause stop having periods and can’t become pregnant,” she said.

The doctor said that on an average 6-7 females with such medical conditions visit her for treatment every month. The gynecologist said that chronic and prolonged stress may lead to early menopause or premature ovarian failure.

“The major causes include chemotherapy, removal of both ovaries, chromosomal defects, a genetic history of early menopause, autoimmune diseases like thyroid imbalances and overenthusiastic doctors who keep surgically removing cysts from ovaries,” she said.

Those having irregular periods or with longer or shorter menstrual days, those suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or other hormonal condition such as thyroid etc, are all high risk cases, as per the doctor.

Another gynecologist, Dr Auqafeen Nisar said there is a treatment but it is highly expensive

“Treatment includes inducing artificial bleeding using hormones. But again, it can prove to be highly expensive. Those from low-income groups cannot afford it,” said Dr Auqafeen, who has been spearheading a campaign called ‘Panin Fikir’ to break the menstrual taboo in the valley. 

She said that prevention and early detection are the way forward.  “The daily intake of calcium and multi-vitamins, exercise and a healthy balanced diet is required to cut down the risk of hitting menopause early,” she added.

Earlier a survey depicted that the hospital prevalence of primary infertility is 20 per cent in Kashmir. The survey attributed it primarily to stress, and prevailing conditions in the valley.


Lead Stories

Hizb commander among 3 militants killed in Tral

Militant recruitments have dropped considerably, says DGP

Firdous Hassan



Srinagar, Feb 19:  Security forces Wednesday killed three top militants including a Hizbul Mujahedeen commander in a fierce encounter at Sherabad area of Tral in south Kashmir’s Pulwama district.

The slain militants have been identified as Jahangir Rafiq Wani and Raja Maqbool residents of Tral, and Saddat Ahmad Thokar, a resident of Bijbhera.

Director General of Police Dilbag Singh said the slain militants were involved in civilian killings and damaging public property in south Kashmir.


“We have been continuing our anti-militancy operations.  Today we killed three Hizbul Mujahedeen militants in Sherabad. The slain militants included Jahangir Rafiq Wani who replaced the erstwhile HM commander Hammad Khan. Huge cache of arms and ammunition has been recovered from the site of encounter,” he said.

Singh said Jahangir along with Raja Maqbool were involved in the killing of two civilians, Mehraj ud din Zargar and Ghulam Nabi Mir, at Tral. After abrogation of Article 370, he set chemist’s shop and a truck on fire. “He was a dreaded militant who terrorized people and even set a mosque at Ameerabad on fire,” Singh added.

With the killing of these two militants, DGP said 23 militants have been killed so far in 10 “successful” anti-militancy operations in Jammu and Kashmir.

“In two encounters at Jammu, four militants were killed. In Kashmir, 19 militants have been killed so far. During these operations, no collateral damage took place,” he said.

The DGP said several militant modules were busted in 2020 and 40 Over Ground Workers (OGW) of militants were arrested.

“Youth joining militant ranks have dropped considerably, which is actually a good trend. Eight youth, who ran away from home to join militancy, have been reunited with their families. Right now, shops and traffic are functioning normally” he said.

On Umar Fayaz, who was injured during militant attack at Lawaypora, police chief said he has not been given a clean chit as yet.

“His condition is bad and he has been sent home for treatment. When he gets well, he will be taken into custody and interrogated,” he said.

Singh backed government’s decision to defer elections for vacant Panchayat seats in Jammu and Kashmir. “Right now operations are happening. The government’s decision must be based on solid grounds,” he said.

DGP said the launching pads of militants in Pakistan Administered Kashmir “remained full” with militants during winter season, who he said were looking for opportunity to sneak in towards India’s territory.

He these launching pads were active now and “desperately” waiting for opportunity.

“We don’t know the exact number of militants in these launching pads. These launching pads would getting empty earlier during snowfall but this winter the militants have not been withdrawn. Their activities are going on and waiting for opportunity to cross LoC,” he said.

Singh said the ceasefire violations this year so far have increased by Pakistan to push militants across the border.

He said some of their attempts of infiltration by militants have been successful.

“However, the forces there are giving befitting reply to the ceasefire violation and are also making their attempts unsuccessful. The militants who were killed in Jammu region had also infiltrated recently, which is being investigated. Pakistan wants to keep water warm on LoC,” he said.

DGP further informed that a drone from Pakistan crossed border in Kathua and returned after the BSF opened fire.”

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Lead Stories

Tough measures against misuse of social media:DGP

Monitor News Bureau



Srinagar, Feb 19: The Jammu and Kashmir Police said Wednesday that they will act against the misuse of social media networks, which were allegedly being used to stoke violence in the valley.

“We have evidence whereby social media was used through VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) to tell militants to carry out attacks at certain places. On priority, we are targetting such misuse of social media,” DGP Dilbagh Singh told reporters here.

Singh said the Jammu and Kashmir administration had issued an order January 14 banning the use of social media but the police was only going after those who were misusing it.


“We are sharing information (through WhatsApp) with you which means we know that you are using it. We are keeping a vigil on the use of social media and will act against those who misuse it,” Singh said.

The DGP was responding to a question about the police spokesperson using WhatsApp to share press releases and send invitations for events including his press conference Wednesday in spite of the ban on the use of social media.

“There have been several instances of misuse. For example, the driver of the truck which was carrying militants at Nagrota sent a photograph to his handlers in Pakistan the moment his vehicle was intercepted at the naka,” Singh pointed out.

“We have to differentiate between use and misuse… when someone misuses the social media, there will be no room for leniency. You should be thankful that you are able to use it,” added the senior police official.

Inspector General of Police Kashmir Zone, Vijay Kumar dismissed reports in some sections of media that 200 persons have been booked for using VPN.

“We have registered a general FIR. The report that 200 persons have been booked is absolutely wrong,” Kumar said.

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Lead Stories

LG calls for increasing surveillance along IB

Press Trust of India



Jammu, Feb 19: Lieutenant Governor Girish Chandra Murmu on Wednesday asked the BSF to intensify vigil along the International Border (IB) to ensure safety and security of the people of Jammu and Kashmir.

This was conveyed by Murmu to L Mohanti, Inspector General of Border Security Force (headquarters Delhi), who called on the Lt Governor here at the Raj Bhavan, a statement issued said.

Murmu and Mohanti discussed wide-ranging issues related to the BSF’s operations and the current security situation in the union territory, it said. The Lt Governor lauded the role being played by the BSF in safeguarding the frontiers and advised heightened surveillance for ensuring safety and security of people.

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