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‘Morning persons’ at reduced risk of schizophrenia, depression

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This study highlights a large number of genes which can be studied in more detail to work out how different people can have different body clocks.(Shutterstock)
People who are genetically programmed to be early risers may have a better mental well-being, and are at lower risk of schizophrenia and depression, a study has found. The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, revealed some of the inner workings of the body clock, shedding new light on how it links to mental health and disease.

However, the results did not reveal any strong links to diseases such as diabetes or obesity, dispelling previous speculation. The study, led by the University of Exeter in the UK and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in the US highlights the key role of the retina in the eye in helping the body to keep time. It also increases the number of areas of the genome known to influence whether someone is an early riser from 24 to 351.

“This study highlights a large number of genes which can be studied in more detail to work out how different people can have different body clocks,” said Michael Weedon, of the University of Exeter, who led the research.

 

“The large number of people in our study means we have provided the strongest evidence to date that ‘night owls’ are at higher risk of mental health problems, such as schizophrenia and lower mental well-being, although further studies are needed to fully understand this link,” said Weedon.

“Our work indicates that part of the reason why some people are up with the lark while others are night owls is because of differences in both the way our brains react to external light signals and the normal functioning of our internal clocks,” said Samuel E Jones, of the University of Exeter.

“These small differences may have potentially significant effects on the ability of our body clocks to keep time effectively, potentially altering risk of both disease and mental health disorders,” Jones, lead author of the study.


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Health

6 Protein-Rich Foods You Should Eat After A Workout

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What you eat before and after a workout can affect your health, weight loss goals and how you respond to exercise. The right kind of nutrition is important for regular progress and achieve your desired goals on time. However, it is a common tendency to put more attention to what you eat before your workout than what you eat after a workout. In this article, we talk about the right kind of proteins which you must eat after a workout.

Why is it important to eat right after a workout?

On exercising, muscles use glycogen stories for fuel. This makes muscles being slightly deprived of glycogen. Healthline mentions that some proteins in muscles also get broken down. The body tries to rebuild its oxygen stores and eating the right nutrients can help you do this faster. For good recovery, the right kind of nutrition can improve your recovery as well.

 

Proteins to eat after a workout

Exercising results in breakdown of muscle protein. The rate at which this happens depends on the intensity of your exercise. Consuming proteins after a workout can give your body amino acids for repairing rebuilding the lost proteins.

1. Eggs:

Whole eggs can be a good post-workout snack. Packed with protein, eggs while provide you with the right kind of nutrition and will improve your muscle building. People trying to lose weight can also eat eggs after working out.

2. Sweet potato:

While rich in carbs, sweet potato also contains protein. Consuming carb-rich food can refuel you after a session of intense workout.

3. Cottage cheese:

For times you feel too tired to prepare an entire post-workout meal, you can simply slice some cottage cheese into cubes, sprinkle some salt and black pepper on it and eat it raw. Cottage cheese contains good amount of protein that can help you recover after your workout.

4. Quinoa:

Fibre and protein content in quinoa make it an ideal post-workout meal. What’s more is that quinoa is gluten-free and can help people on a weight loss diet as well.

5. Chicken:

Chicken is lean protein that can help you feel energised after a workout. Protein from chicken can help you build muscle mass.

6. Fatty fish like salmon and tuna:

Along with being rich in omega 3 fatty acids, fatty fish like salmon and tuna are also rich sources of protein. Omega 3 fatty acids in fatty fish are good for heart health. Fatty fish is low in carbs and can thus be included in weight loss diet as well.

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Health

Want To Get Rid Of Bloating, Stomach Cramps Once And For All? Cut Down These Foods From Your Diet

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Cutting out specific foods can alleviate gastrointestinal issues for physically active people, especially a runner, researchers say.

The study, conducted by researchers from the Anglia Ruskin University in Britain, showed that a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (or FODMAP) diet reduces some of the issues caused by exercise such as stomach cramps and bloating, and improves a person’s perceived ability to exercise.

FODMAP foods include those containing lactose (milk, yoghurt and cheese), fructans (found in cereals, breads and pasta), galactic-oligosaccharides (legumes and onions), excess fructose (for example in apples, pears and asparagus) and polyols (often added as a food additive).

 

“We found a clear benefit when following the low FODMAP diet, with a reduction in exercise-related gastrointestinal symptoms amongst otherwise healthy, recreational runners,” said Justin Roberts, Principal Lecturer at the varsity.

For the study, the researchers involved a group of healthy recreational exercisers. Everyone in the group followed two eating plans for one week at a time, with the key difference being the FODMAP content.

The findings, published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, found that 69 per cent of those following a low FODMAP diet experienced an improvement in symptoms and were able to exercise more frequently and at a higher intensity.

In addition, the improvement in perceived pain, in conjunction with reduced experiences of bloating whilst on a low FODMAP diet, is likely explained by a reduction in intestinal water volume and gas production, caused by fewer indigestible carbohydrates available for fermentation in the gut.

However, further studies are needed to examine the benefits of this diet when combined with long-term training strategies. It is important that people take care if deciding to follow a low FODMAP diet, as reductions in total caloric and carbohydrate intake may impact on nutritional quality, Roberts suggested.

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Health

How black coffee can reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes

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The rate at which type 2 diabetes is increasing around the world is really high. It is important to understand what measures can prevent the disease and also which of them can increase your risk of developing it.

Coffee is a very common beverage all around the world, especially in countries that have very cold climatic conditions, timesnownews.com reported.

When the beverage is a staple in so many households, it is important to understand its effect on diabetes — risk and treatment.

 

Does diabetes reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes? Does it help in reversing it? Read on to answer all your questions.

A cup of black coffee every day can reduce your risk of developing diabetes

According to a study published by the American Diabetes Association, people who drink coffee have a lower level of blood sugar.

Another study found that the risk of developing diabetes decreased by nine percent in people who drank one cup of coffee every day. One more study that specifically studied women of postmenopausal women found that women who drank six cups of coffee every day had a 22 percent lower risk of diabetes. There happen to be various studies that second this notion, therefore it may be safe to believe that coffee can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

How to drink coffee to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes?

Here is how you should drink your coffee to reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes-

? Regular coffee is better to reduce risk than decaffeinated coffee.

? Prefer to not use sweeteners like sugar.

? Avoid drinking coffee with any dairy products like milk or cream.

? Remember coffee has benefits for diabetes only when consumed in its purest form.

? Artificially sweetened coffee may lead to weight gain and increase your risk of diabetes.

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